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Arabic, Gulf

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: afb
  latlong: 24.2075,55.744722  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed naam badri
  Gloss: Ahmed sleep.PST early
  Translation: Ahmed slept early
  Contributor: Dimitrios Ntelitheos
  Words: Ahmed negah lean-ah sha6er
  Gloss: Ahmed pass.PST because--3SGM hard worker
  Translation: Ahmed passed because he is hard worker
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
  Words: he6alt-i al-ketab? heh
  Gloss: find.PST-2SGF DET-book? yes
  Translation: did you find the book? yes
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
  Words: th-thala defater 3la t-tawlah
  Gloss: DET-three notebooks on DET-table
  Translation: the three notebooks on the table
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
  Words: th-thala defater 3la t-tawlah
  Gloss: DET-three notebooks on DET-table
  Translation: the three notebooks on the table
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ 02_Verb Subject Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: naam Ahmed badri
  Gloss: sleep.PST Ahmed early
  Translation: Ahmed slept early
  Contributor: Dimitrios Ntelitheos
+ 03_Verb Object Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed keteb r-resalah
  Gloss: Ahmed write.PST DET-letter
  Translation: Ahmed wrote the letter
  Contributor: Dimitrios Ntelitheos
+ 04_Object Verb No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: * Ahmed r-resalah keteb
  Gloss: Ahmed DET-letter write.PST
  Translation: Ahmed wrote a letter
  Contributor: Dimitrios Ntelitheos
+ 05_Subject Verb Object Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed qara al-ketaab
  Gloss: Ahmed read.PST DET- book
  Translation: Ahmed read the book
  Contributor: Dimitrios Ntelitheos
+ 06_Subject Object Verb No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: * Ahmed al-ketaab qaraa
  Gloss: Ahmed DET-book read.PST
  Translation: Ahmed read the book
  Contributor: Dimitrios Ntelitheos
+ 07_Verb Subject Object Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: ketab Ahmed r-resalah
  Gloss: write.PST Ahmed DET-letter
  Translation: Ahmed wrote the letter
  Contributor: Dimitrios Ntelitheos
  Words: ketab Ahmed r-resalah
  Gloss: write.PST Ahmed DET-letter
  Translation: Ahmed wrote the letter
  Contributor: Dimitrios Ntelitheos
  Words: ketab Ahmed r-resalah
  Gloss: write.PST Ahmed DET-letter
  Translation: Ahmed wrote the letter
  Contributor: Dimitrios Ntelitheos
  Words: ketab r-resalah Ahmed
  Gloss: write.PST DET.letter Ahmed
  Translation: Ahmed wrote the letter
  Contributor: Dimitrios Ntelitheos
   08_Verb Object Subject No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
+ 09_Object Subject Verb No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: * Al-ketaab Ahmed qaraa
  Gloss: DET-book Ahmed read.PST
  Translation: Ahmed read the book
  Contributor: Dimitrios Ntelitheos
   10_Object Verb Subject Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Only when adding an object agreement suffix to the verb. Forum
+ 11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed nesaa al-ketaab 3la 6-6awlah
  Gloss: Ahmed forget.PST DET-book on DET-table
  Translation: Ahmed forgot the book on the table
  Contributor: Dimitrios Ntelitheos
+ 12_Noun_Phrase Adposition No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: * Ahmed nessa al-ketab 6-6awlah 3la
  Gloss: Ahmed forget.PST DET-book DET-table on
  Translation: Ahmed forgat the book on the table
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ 13_Adjective Noun No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: * Ahmed shaaf al-helw-ah al-bent
  Gloss: Ahmed see.PST-3SGF DET-beautiful DET-girl
  Translation: Ahmed saw the beautiful girl
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed shaaf al-bent al-helw-ah
  Gloss: Ahmed see.PST DET-girl DET-beautiful-3SGF
  Translation: Ahmed saw the beautiful girl
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ 15_Numeral Noun Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed qaraa thlath keteb
  Gloss: Ahmed read.PST three book.PL
  Translation: Ahmed read three books
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   16_Noun Numeral Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
+ 17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed qaraa hatha al-ketab
  Gloss: Ahmed read.PST this DET-book
  Translation: Ahmed read this book
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ 18_Noun Demonstrative Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed eshtera al-ketab hathak
  Gloss: Ahmed buy.PST DET-book that
  Translation: Ahmed bought that book
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ 19_Possessor Noun No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: * Ahmed shaaf Mariam ketab
  Gloss: Ahmed see.PST Mariam book
  Translation: Ahmed saw Mariam's book
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ 20_Noun Possessor Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed shaaf ketab Mariam
  Gloss: Ahmed see.PST book Mariam
  Translation: Ahmed saw the book of Mariam
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
+ 22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed qaraa ketab-i
  Gloss: Ahmed read.PST book-my
  Translation: Ahmed read my book
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed qaraa al-ketab al-kebeer
  Gloss: Ahmed read.PST DET-book DET-big
  Translation: Ahmed read the big book
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
+ A 03_Degree Adjective Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed qaraa keteb wayed mufeed-ah
  Gloss: Ahmed read.PST book.PL very useful-3
  Translation: Ahmed read very useful books
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ A 04_Adjective Degree Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed qaraa keteb mufeed-ah wayed
  Gloss: Ahmed read.PST book-PL useful-3 very
  Translation: Ahmed read very useful books
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
+ C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed qaraa al-ketab elli shaf-ah ams
  Gloss: Ahmed read.PST DET-book that see.PST-3SGM yesterday
  Translation: Ahmed read the book that he saw yesterday
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   C 02_Clause Complementizer NA Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Extra Examples No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
+ N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed qaraa thalath keteb
  Gloss: Ahmed read.PST three book.PL
  Translation: Ahmed read three books
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: * Ahmed qaraa keteb thalath
  Gloss: Ahmed read.PST book.PL three
  Translation: Ahmed read three books
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
+ N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed qaraa al-keteb th-thalatha
  Gloss: Ahmed read.PST DET-book.PL DET-three
  Translation: Ahmed read the three books
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Definiteness can be expressed either by a prefixed determiner or by a suffixed possessive pronoun Forum
  Words: al-awlaad th-thalatha eshtra-w al-keteb
  Gloss: DET-boy.PL DET-three buy.PST-3MPL DET-book.PL
  Translation: the three boys bought the books
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: al-awlaad th-thalatha eshtra-w hatha al-ketab
  Gloss: DET-boy.PL DET-three buy.PST-3MPL this DET-book.PL
  Translation: the three boys bought this books
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: * al-awlaad th-thalatha eshtra-w keteb
  Gloss: DET-boy.PL DET-three buy.PST-3MPL book.PL
  Translation: the three boys bought books
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: henak thala defater 3la t-tawlah
  Gloss: there three notebooks on DET-table
  Translation: there are three notebooks on the table
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
  Words: th-thala defater heg Ahmed
  Gloss: DET-three notebooks for Ahmed
  Translation: the three notebooks are Ahmed's
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
+ N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: thala defater 3la t-tawlah
  Gloss: three notebooks on DET-table
  Translation: three notebooks on the table
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
  Words: thala defater 3la t-tawlah
  Gloss: three notebooks on DET-table
  Translation: three notebooks on the table
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
  Words: th-thala defater 3la t-tawlah
  Gloss: DET-three notebooks on DET-table
  Translation: the three notebooks on the table
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
  Words: th-thala defater 3la t-tawlah
  Gloss: DET-three notebooks on DET-table
  Translation: the three notebooks on the table
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
  Words: th-thala defater 3la t-tawlah
  Gloss: DET-three notebooks on DET-table
  Translation: the three notebooks on the table
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Comment: the Determine prefix or a possessive suffix make the noun definte
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: Ahmed maa qaraa al-ketab
  Gloss: Ahmed NEG read.PST DET-book
  Translation: Ahmed didnt read the book
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: * Ahmed qaraa maa al-ketab
  Gloss: Ahmed read.PST NEG DET-book
  Translation: Ahmed didnt read the book
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification NA Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
+ Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: hath-i al-bent al-helw-ah eshter-et keteb
  Gloss: this-3FSG DET-girl DET-beautiful-3FSG buy.PST-3FSG book.PL
  Translation: this beautiful girl bought books
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Q02_Final polar Q-marker No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
+ Q04_Polar question by intonation Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: derast al-emtehan?
  Gloss: study.PST.2SGM DET-exam?
  Translation: did you study the exam?
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
+ Q09_Affirmative answer by verb Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: ha6elt-i al-ketab? he6slt-ah
  Gloss: find.PST-2SGF DET-book? find.PST-it
  Translation: did you find the book? I found it
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
  Words: 7e6et 6ema6 f-th-alagah? 7e6et
  Gloss: put.PST.2SGM tomato P-DET-frigh? put.PST.2SGM
  Translation: Did you put any tomato in the fridge? I put
  Comment: the verb in the aswer has subject Agteement
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
  Words: 7e6et 6-6ema6 f-th-alagah? 7e6et-ah
  Gloss: put.PST.2SGM DET-tomato P-DET-fridge? put.PST.1SG-3
  Translation: Did you put the tomato in the fridge? (I) put (them)
  Comment: with definite Object the verb in the answer requires a difinte clitic
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
+ Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: rah Ahmed al-haflah? heh rah
  Gloss: go.PST Ahmed DET-party? yes go.PST
  Translation: did Ahmed go to the party? yes he did
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
+ Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: you-kum nas ams? heh yaw
  Gloss: come.PST-2PL people ysterday? yes come.PST
  Translation: did the people visitd you yesterday? yes they did
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
+ Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: kal-eti? la
  Gloss: eat.PST-3SGF NEG
  Translation: Did you eat? No
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Q19ANegQ_Truth-based confirmation No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
+ Q20ANegQ_Polarity-based confirmation Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
  Words: al-heen Ahmed ma safer? la
  Gloss: DET-now Ahmed not travel.PST.3SGM? NEG
  Translation: now, Ahmed didn't travel? No
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   Q21ANegQ_Polarity-reversing particle No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   Q22ANegQ_Polarity-reversing answer by affirmative and special particle No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No Dimitrios Ntelitheos Forum