Login

Bambara

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: bam
  latlong: 12.65,-8  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Bryan Villa Forum
  Words: Ne taara
  Gloss: I go.PAST
  Translation: I went
  Comment: from TNBG pg 39
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
   02_Verb Subject No Hilda Koopman Forum
   03_Verb Object No Bryan Villa There isn't any sentence that ends in VERB OBJECT Forum
+ 04_Object Verb Yes Bryan Villa Forum
  Words: a bè nyò san
  Gloss: He BE grain buy
  Translation: He buys grain
  Comment: from TNBG pg 43
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
+ 05_Subject Verb Object Yes Bryan Villa Yes: Only if we consider Aux (S "ÄUX" O V) to have verbal properties. This is tricky. Forum
  Words: a bè nyò san
  Gloss: He BE grain buy
  Translation: He buys grain
  Comment: from TNBG pg 43
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
+ 06_Subject Object Verb Yes Bryan Villa Forum
  Words: a bè nyò san
  Gloss: He BE grain buy
  Translation: He buys grain
  Comment: from TNBG pg 43
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
   07_Verb Subject Object No Hilda Koopman Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject No Hilda Koopman Forum
   09_Object Subject Verb No Bryan Villa Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No Bryan Villa Forum
   11_Adposition Noun_Phrase No Bryan Villa Forum
+ 12_Noun_Phrase Adposition Yes Bryan Villa Forum
  Words: Toòro t'an na.
  Gloss: Trouble NEG us with
  Translation: There is no no trouble with us ("we are fine")
  Comment: from BB pg 27
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
   13_Adjective Noun No Bryan Villa Forum
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Bryan Villa Forum
  Words: fula muso bè nònò kumu feere dògò la.
  Gloss: fula woman is milk sour sell market in
  Translation: A fulani woman is selling sour milk in the market
  Comment: from TNBG 107. If fula is a general nationaility A A N should be changed to yes.
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
   15_Numeral Noun No Bryan Villa Forum
+ 16_Noun Numeral Yes Bryan Villa There is no plural morphology if not definite Forum
  Words: misi fila bè ne fè
  Gloss: cow two is I with
  Translation: I have two cows.
  Comment: from TNBG 30
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
+ 17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Bryan Villa Forum
  Words: o cè ka jan
  Gloss: That man is tall
  Translation: That man is tall
  Comment: frmo TNBG 107
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
+ 18_Noun Demonstrative Yes Bryan Villa Forum
  Words: mobili belebele ninw
  Gloss: car big this.PL
  Translation: these big cars
  Comment: from BB 136
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
+ 19_Possessor Noun Yes Bryan Villa Forum
  Words: ne ka so
  Gloss: I POSS house
  Translation: My house
  Comment: from BB 64
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
   20_Noun Possessor No Bryan Villa Forum
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun Yes Hilda Koopman Forum
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor No Hilda Koopman Forum
   A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement No Bryan Villa Forum
   A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement No Bryan Villa Forum
   A 03_Degree Adjective No Bryan Villa Forum
   A 04_Adjective Degree Yes Bryan Villa Forum
   C 01_Complementizer Clause NA Bryan Villa Forum
   C 02_Clause Complementizer NA Bryan Villa Forum
   C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause No Bryan Villa Forum
+ C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator Yes Bryan Villa Forum
  Words: A kèra cogo o cogo, I k'a kè.
  Gloss: it do.PAST way that way, you it do
  Translation: No matter how it's done, do it
  Comment: Taken from: The New Bambara Grammar, Pool, Jonathan, 1983 (abbreviated as TNBG, henceforth) pg 143
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
  Words: A kèra cogo o cogo, I k'a kè.
  Gloss: it do.PAST way that way, you it do
  Translation: No matter how it's done, do it
  Comment: from TNBG pg 143
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
   Extra Examples No Hilda Koopman Forum
   N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) No Hilda Koopman Forum
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) Yes Hilda Koopman Forum
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) No Hilda Koopman Forum
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) Yes Hilda Koopman Forum
   N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article No Hilda Koopman Forum
   N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Hilda Koopman Forum
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative Yes Hilda Koopman Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not Yes Hilda Koopman Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb No Bryan Villa Forum
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No Bryan Villa Forum
+ Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix Yes Bryan Villa or perhaps aux with future inflection Forum
  Words: Ne tèna taa
  Gloss: I NEG.FUTURE go
  Translation: I will not go
  Comment: Treated as an aux because it is in complementary distribution with the positive auxillaries. from TNBG 39
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Bryan Villa Forum
+ Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb Yes Bryan Villa Forum
  Words: Ne tè taa
  Gloss: I NEG go
  Translation: I am not going
  Comment: from TNBG pg 39
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Bryan Villa Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Bryan Villa Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Bryan Villa Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Bryan Villa Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Bryan Villa Forum
+ Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property Yes Bryan Villa There is distinct negation for adjectives Forum
  Words: a man kènè
  Gloss: he not well
  Translation: He is not well
  Comment: from TNBG 23
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No Bryan Villa Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence No Bryan Villa Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No Bryan Villa Forum
   Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun No Bryan Villa Forum
   Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective No Bryan Villa Forum
+ Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative Yes Bryan Villa Forum
  Words: mobili belebele ninw
  Gloss: car big this.PL
  Translation: These big cars
  Comment: FROM BB 136
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
   Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective No Bryan Villa Forum
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Bryan Villa Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No Bryan Villa perhaps yes, if nationaility adjective precede N Forum
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative Yes Hilda Koopman Forum
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q02_Final polar Q-marker Yes Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q04_Polar question by intonation No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q09_Affirmative answer by verb No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle Yes Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation No Hilda Koopman Forum
   Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb No Hilda Koopman Forum
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No Bryan Villa Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No Bryan Villa Forum
   w01a_Indef mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Hilda Koopman Forum
   w01b_Indef mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Hilda Koopman Forum
   w01c_Indef mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Hilda Koopman Forum
   w03a_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Hilda Koopman Forum