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Bole

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: bol
  latlong: 11.70896,11.06997  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: Bamoi ma-wo
  Gloss: Bamoi return (pfvf)
  Translation: Bamoi went back
  Comment: -wo is a zero object marker with perfective verb stems
  Contributor: Michael A. Estrada
  Words: Bamoi ma-wo
  Gloss: Bamoi return (pfv)
  Translation: Bamoi went back
  Comment: -wo is a zero object marker with perfective verb stems
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   02_Verb Subject No Alhaji Gimba Forum
+ 03_Verb Object Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: n inna dosho
  Gloss: I see (pfv) horse
  Translation: I saw a horse
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   04_Object Verb No Alhaji Gimba Forum
+ 05_Subject Verb Object Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: Bamoi inna dosho
  Gloss: Bamoi see (pfv) horse
  Translation: Bamoi saw a horse
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   06_Subject Object Verb No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   07_Verb Subject Object No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   09_Object Subject Verb No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No Alhaji Gimba Forum
+ 11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: Ishi dowu ga ko dawun
  Gloss: he sit (pfv) LOC on mat
  Translation: he sat on a mat
  Comment: Adpositions in Bole require the locative "ga" before the preposition.
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   13_Adjective Noun No Alhaji Gimba Forum
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: ada-n siri
  Gloss: dog-GEN linker big
  Translation: a big dog
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   15_Numeral Noun No Alhaji Gimba Forum
+ 16_Noun Numeral Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: temka kunum
  Gloss: sheep (PL) three
  Translation: three sheep
  Comment: the singular of sheep is 'temshi"
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   17_Demonstrative Noun No Alhaji Gimba Forum
+ 18_Noun Demonstrative Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: (1) memu ama (2) mondu osha
  Gloss: (1) man that (2) woman that
  Translation: (1) that man (2) that woman
  Comment: Bole has masculine feminine demonstrative pronoun distinctions.
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
+ 19_Possessor Noun Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: tajiya Bamoi
  Gloss: hat Bamoi
  Translation: Bamoi's hat
  Comment: Possessive constructions in Bole are just N + N juxtaposition.
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   20_Noun Possessor No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun No Alhaji Gimba Forum
+ 22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: (1) taka-no (2) taka-to (3) takinshe-su
  Gloss: (1) shoe-my (2) shoe-her (3) shoes-their
  Translation: (1) my shoe (2) her shoe (3) their shoes
  Comment: Possessive pronouns in Bole are clitics, suffixed to the possessed nouns.
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
+ A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: (1) temshi modi siri (2) temka maddi asse
  Gloss: (1) sheep one big (2) sheep (PL) some big (PL)
  Translation: (1) One big sheep (2) Some big sheep
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
+ A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: (1) gam ye siri (2) gamshine ye asse
  Gloss: (1) ram DEF big (2) ram (PL) the big (PL)
  Translation: (1) The ram is big (2) The rams are big
  Comment: Bole has no copula that links the Subject with the predicate.
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   A 03_Degree Adjective No Alhaji Gimba Forum
+ A 04_Adjective Degree Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: (1) dalinta rankata (2) dole rankata
  Gloss: (1) sweet very (2) small very
  Translation: (1) very sweet (2) very small
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection No Alhaji Gimba Forum
+ C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: (1) Ishi por-wo na ita ndai bono (2) ishi lodi-ta ba ita a ndina bono
  Gloss: (1)he say-pfv that she go (SBJV) house (2) he ask (pft)-her if she AGR FUT go house
  Translation: he said that she shoild go home (2) He asked her if she will go home
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No Alhaji Gimba Forum
+ C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: n 'yoru nko n ndolu n gojje tagarda
  Gloss: I stop (pfv) because I want (pfv) I buy (SBJV) book
  Translation: I stopped because I wanted to buy a book.
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Alhaji Gimba Forum
+ Extra Examples No Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: gam ama siri
  Gloss: ram that big
  Translation: That ram is big
  Comment: When the demonstrative precedes the adjective, the adjective is a PREDICATE adjective. Note that Bole has no copula to mark lexical predicate.
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) No Alhaji Gimba Forum
+ N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: gamshine bawulo
  Gloss: rams seven
  Translation: seven rams
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
+ N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: wa (pfv) gamshine bawulo ye le?
  Gloss: happen rams seven DEF what?
  Translation: What happed to the seven rams?
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
+ N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: gamshine bawulo maine ye minno
  Gloss: rams seven these DEF mine
  Translation: These seven rams are mine.
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb No Alhaji Gimba Forum
+ Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: gam ye dumpi-na sa
  Gloss: ram the butt (pfv)-me NEG
  Translation: the ram didn't butt me
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective No Alhaji Gimba Forum
+ Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: bono-n poyo ama
  Gloss: house-GEN linker new that
  Translation: that new house
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral No Alhaji Gimba Forum
+ Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: dande bolou maina aji durshe
  Gloss: children two those PROG jumping
  Translation: Those seven children are jumping
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
+ Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral Yes Alhaji Gimba Forum
  Words: dande maina bolou aji durshe
  Gloss: children those two PROG jumping
  Translation: Those seven children are jumping
  Comment: Although this order is permissible, it is not as standard as Noun-Num+Dem order.
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No Alhaji Gimba Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No Alhaji Gimba Forum