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Croatian

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: hrv
  latlong: 45.100000,15.200000  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ w01a_Indef mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: Ivan proizvodi maslinovo ulje na svojoj farmi.
  Gloss: John.NOM produce.PRS.3SG olive oil.ACC at his farm.DAT
  Translation: John produces some/the olive oil at his farm.
  Comment: Accusative object is ambiguous between definite and indefinite interpretation.
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
+ w01b_Indef mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: Kupila sam vino.
  Gloss: buy.PST.PTCP.FEM have.PRS.1SG wine.ACC
  Translation: I bought some/the wine.
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
+ w01c_Indef mass Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: Vjetar je dopuhao pijesak na moju terasu./ Vjetar je dopuhao pijeska na moju terasu.
  Gloss: wind.NOM.SG have.PRS.3SG blow.PST.PTCP.MASC sand.ACC at my.ACC terace.ACC.SG/wind.NOM.SG have.PRS.3SG blow.PST.PTCP.MASC sand.GEN at my.ACC terace.ACC.SG
  Translation: The wind blew some/the sand onto my terrace./The wind blew some wind to my terrace.
  Comment:  Mass objects can appear in genitive case as well in which case genitive case disambiguates the object as being indefinite.
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
+ w02a_Def mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: Speaker A and speaker B are back from the supermarket. Speaker A says:Molim te, stavi mlijeko u frizider.
  Gloss:  please.IMP.2SG you.CL.DAT put milk.ACC in fridge.ACC.SG
  Translation: Please put the milk in the fridge.
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
+ w02b_Def mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: Context:Speaker A and speaker B are having dinner. There is water and cheese on the table. Speaker A says: Dodaj mi vodu! Ja cu tebi sir.
  Gloss: pass.IMP.2SG me.DAT water.ACC, I will.FUT.1SG you.DAT cheese.ACC
  Translation:  Pass me the water, and I will pass you the cheese.
  Comment: Object with a genitive case would be ungrammatical in this context: *Dodaj mi vode.GEN.PL
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
+ w02c_Def mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: Context: I took cheese and wine from the fridge. Pojela sam sir ali nisam popila vino.
  Gloss: eat.PST.PTCP.FEM have.PRS.1SG(that.ACC) cheese.ACC but not.PRS.1SG drink.PST.PTCP.FEM wine.ACC
  Comment: Mass object with a genitive case would have partitive interpretation in this context: Pojela sam sira.GEN (I ate some of the cheese),ali nisam popila vina.GEN (some of the wine).
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
+ w03a_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: Zelim kupiti auto, ali jos nisam pronasla jedan
  Gloss: want.PRS.1SG buy.INF car.ACC.SG but still not find.PST.PTCP.FEM one.ACC.SG
  Translation: I want to buy a car but I still haven't found one.
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
+ w03b_Indef sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: Taj otrov moze ubiti slona u manje od pet minuta.
  Gloss: that.NOM poison.NOM can kill elephant.ACC in less than five minutes
  Translation: That poison can kill an elephant in less than five minutes.
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
+ w03c_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: Jucer sam susrela studenta.
  Gloss: yesterday have.PRS.1SG meet.PST.PTCP. FEM student.ACC.SG
  Translation: Yesterday I met a/the student yesterday.
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
+ w03d_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have a plural reading Yes Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: David prodaje kapulu.
  Gloss: David.NOM sell.PRS.3SG onion.ACC.SG
  Translation: David sells onions.
  Comment: plural reading of singuar indefinites only available for a subset of inanimate objects, it is unclear how to categorize them (some vegetables allow plural reading, for instance, but not fruit: David prodaje jabuku.ACC.SG (David sells apple) cannot mean David sells apples.)
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
+ w04a_Def sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: Context: A book and a pen are on the table.Uzela sam knjigu, ali sam ostavila olovku.
  Gloss: took.PST.PTCP.FEM has.PRS.3SG book.ACC.SG but has.PRES leave.PST.PTCP.FEM pencil.ACC.SG
  Translation: I took the book but I left the pencil.
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
+ w04b_Def sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: Molim te, ocisti kupaonu za sobom.
  Gloss: please.IMP.2SG you.CL.ACC clean.IMP bathroom ACC.SG after yourself
  Translation: Please, clean the bathroom after yourself.
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
+ w04c_Def sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: Context: I met two boys and a girl. Pozvala sam djevojku.
  Gloss: call.PST.PTCP.FEM have.PRS.1SG girl.ACC
  Translation: I called the girl.
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
+ w05a_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: Jucer sam kupila knjige.
  Gloss: Yesterday have.PRS.1SG buy.PST.PTCP.FEM book.ACC.PL
  Translation: Yesterday I bought some/the books.
  Comment: Plural objects can have indefinite interpretation when they appear in the genitive case with an overt quantifier: Jucer sam kupila nekoliko/nesto knjiga.GEN.PL./Yesterday I bought several/some books. in the accusative case plural objects are ambiguous between definite and indefinite interpretation.
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
+ w05b_Indef pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: Jucer sam srela studente.
  Gloss: Yesterday have.PRS.1SG meet.PST.PTCP.FEM student.ACC.PL
  Translation: Yesterday I met some/the students.
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
   w05c_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Daniela Culinovic Forum
+ w06a_Def pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: context: two books and two pens are on the table.Uzela sam knjige, ali sam ostavila kemijske.
  Gloss: take.PST.PTCP.FEM have.PRS.1SG book.ACC.PL but have.PRS.1SG left.PST.PTCP.FEM pen.ACC.PL
  Translation: I took the books but I left the pens.
  Comment: Genitive plural objects with an overt quantifier has partitive interpretation in this context: Uzela sam nesto.SOME knjiga.GEN.PL/I took some of the books.
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
+ w06b_Def pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: Sudac je htio vidjeti igrace prije nego je utakmica pocela.
  Gloss: referee.NOM have.PRS.3.SG want.PST.PTCP.MASC see.INF player.ACC.PL before have.PRS.3SG game.ACC.SG start.PST.PTCP.FEM
  Translation: The refreree wanted to see the players before the game started.
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic
+ w06c_Def pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Daniela Culinovic Forum
  Words: Context: I met two boys and a girl. Pozvala sam djecake.
  Gloss: call.PST.PTCP.FEM have.PRS.1SG boy.ACC.PL
  Translation: I called the boys.
  Contributor: Daniela Culinovic