Login

Dagaare

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: dga
  latlong: 10.293301, -2.471923  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
  Words: Dakoraa zoro la
  Gloss: Dakoraa run.IMP foc
  Translation: Dakoraa is running
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
  Words: Dakoraa zoro la
  Gloss: Dakoraa zo.IMP foc
  Translation: Dakoraa is running
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
   02_Verb Subject No Adams Bodomo Forum
   03_Verb Object Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
   04_Object Verb No Adams Bodomo Forum
   05_Subject Verb Object Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
   06_Subject Object Verb No Adams Bodomo However in a serial verb construction, one can have teh structure, SV1OV2, where we see that the shared object precedes V2. Forum
   07_Verb Subject Object No Adams Bodomo Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject No Adams Bodomo Forum
   09_Object Subject Verb No Adams Bodomo Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No Adams Bodomo Forum
+ 11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
  Words: DEre ngmaa la nEne ne sUO
  Gloss: Dere cut.PERF foc mean with knife
  Translation: DEre cut meat with a knife
  Comment: There are very few of such prepositions in Dagaare; mostly the language uses body-part postpositions.
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
+ 12_Noun_Phrase Adposition Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
  Words: DEre ngmaa la nEne ne sUO a tabUl zu
  Gloss: DEre cut.PERF foc meat with knife def table top
  Translation: DEre cut mean with a knife on the table
  Comment: the adpositon 'zu' derives from the lexical verb/body part 'head'.
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
   13_Adjective Noun No Adams Bodomo Forum
   14_Noun Adjective Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
   15_Numeral Noun No Adams Bodomo Forum
   16_Noun Numeral Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
   17_Demonstrative Noun No Adams Bodomo Forum
   18_Noun Demonstrative Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
   19_Possessor Noun No Adams Bodomo Forum
   20_Noun Possessor Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor No Adams Bodomo Forum
+ A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
  Words: Gan-bErong BUT Gan-bErE
  Gloss: book-fat But book-fat.PL
  Translation: a fatbook BUT fat books
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
+ A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
  Words: a miri e la wogi BUT a mie e la wogiri
  Gloss: def rope be foc long but def rope.PL be foc long.PL
  Translation: The rope is long BUT the ropes are long
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
   A 03_Degree Adjective No Adams Bodomo Forum
+ A 04_Adjective Degree Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
  Words: a koO tolEE la yaga
  Gloss: def water hot foc plenty
  Translation: The water is very hot
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection NA Adams Bodomo Forum
+ C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
  Words: o yeli ka Dakoraa kulee la
  Gloss: 3.SG say.PERF COMP dakoraa go.home.PERF foc
  Translation: He said that Dakoraa has gone home
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No Adams Bodomo Forum
+ C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
  Words: Ka foong ba bUOrO n yElE kyE fo e ka te gaa
  Gloss: COMP 2SG.Str NEG want.IMP 1SG matter but 2SG do COMP 1PL go
  Translation: Even if you dont like me you should let us go
  Comment: 2SG str = strong form of second person singular pronoun
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Adams Bodomo Forum
+ Extra Examples Yes Chris Collins Forum
  Words: N ngmE o la
  Gloss: 1SG beat 3SG FOC
  Translation: I beat him
  Comment: Like French, Dagaare has weak and strong pronouns eg o /he/him' and onO 'HE/HIM'
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
  Words: a dOO
  Gloss: DEF man
  Translation: The man
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
  Words: a dOO but also a pOgO
  Gloss: DEF man DEF woman
  Translation: the man the woman
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
  Words: a bie gbiree la bee
  Gloss: DEF child sleep.PERF FOC PARTICLE
  Translation: Is the child asleep?
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
  Words: a bie waE la bee (o ba wa)
  Gloss: def child come.PERF PART (def NEG come)
  Translation: Has the child come or (he has not come)
  Comment: Yes/no questions resemble thus resemble choice quesions in Chinese and in either clause the subject preceeds the finite verb
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
  Words: Bong la ka fo dire
  Gloss: what FOC COMP 2SG eat.IMP
  Translation: What are you eating
  Comment: But like echo questions in English, we can have in-situ structures such as: fo dire la bong?
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
  Words: bie kanga
  Gloss: child INDEF
  Translation: a certain child
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
  Words: o mang waE GyerEbaa daa
  Gloss: def habit come Jirapa market
  Translation: He habitually/usually/always comes to Jirapa market
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
  Words: A bie gange la a die poO
  Gloss: DEF child lie FOC DEF inside
  Translation: The child is lying inside the room
  Comment: poO, Postp, 'inside' is related to poO, N, 'stomach'
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
   N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) No Adams Bodomo Forum
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) No Adams Bodomo Forum
+ N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
  Words: a bibiiri bata na la ka n bUOrO
  Gloss: def child.PL three DEM foc COMP 1SG want.IMP
  Translation: It is those three children that I am looking for.
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
   N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
   N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative No Adams Bodomo Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No Adams Bodomo Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Adams Bodomo Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Adams Bodomo Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Adams Bodomo Forum
+ Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
  Words: N ba nyuuro daa
  Gloss: 1SG NEG drink.IMP alcohol
  Translation: I dont drink alcohol
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No Adams Bodomo Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Adams Bodomo Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Adams Bodomo Forum
+ Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
  Words: o kong di
  Gloss: 3SG NEG.FUT eat
  Translation: He will not eat
  Comment: The element 'kong' is future negative translating as 'not willing to'
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Adams Bodomo Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Adams Bodomo Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Adams Bodomo Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Adams Bodomo Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Adams Bodomo Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No Adams Bodomo Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No Adams Bodomo Forum
+ Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
  Words: Ba kye kyE
  Gloss: 3PL NEG.be here
  Translation: They are not here
  Comment: Here the verb 'kye' is a negative existential verb.
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
+ Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
  Words: BadEre kye yiri pUO
  Gloss: BadEre NEG.be house inside
  Translation: Spider is not at home
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
   Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun No Adams Bodomo Forum
   Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective No Adams Bodomo Forum
+ Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
  Words: a gan-kpong nyE
  Gloss: def book-big this
  Translation: This big book
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
   Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective No Adams Bodomo Forum
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Adams Bodomo Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No Adams Bodomo Forum
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun No Adams Bodomo Forum
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral No Adams Bodomo Forum
+ Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
  Words: A gama ata nyE
  Gloss: def book.PL three DEM
  Translation: These three books
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
+ Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral Yes Adams Bodomo Forum
  Words: a gama amE ata
  Gloss: def bok.PL DEM.PL three
  Translation: These books, three of them
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No Adams Bodomo Forum
   Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative No Adams Bodomo Forum
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No Adams Bodomo Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second Yes Adams Bodomo Forum