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Gothic

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: got
  latlong: 59.858564,17.638927  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: þu witeis.
  Gloss: you.NOM.SG see.PRS.2.SG
  Translation: You see.
  Comment: Matthew 27:4
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   02_Verb Subject Not Yet Set Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   03_Verb Object Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   04_Object Verb Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ 05_Subject Verb Object Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Ik urrasja ina in þamma spedistin daga
  Gloss: I raise.PRS him.ACC in the.M.DAT.SG last.DAT.SG day.DAT.SG
  Translation: I will raise him on the last day
  Comment: John 6:54
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 06_Subject Object Verb Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Ik þus anabiuda
  Gloss: I you.DAT.SG command
  Translation: I command you
  Comment: Mar. 9:25
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   07_Verb Subject Object Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   09_Object Subject Verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ 11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: in dulþ þo
  Gloss: to feast.ACC.F this.ACC
  Translation: to this feast
  Comment: John 7:8
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   13_Adjective Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Ik im hairdeis gods
  Gloss: I am shepherd good
  Translation: I am a/the good shepherd (Joh 10,11)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   15_Numeral Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   16_Noun Numeral Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ 17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: þus gib þata waldufni
  Gloss: youDAT.SG give.1.SG.PRS thisACC.SG powerACC.SG
  Translation: I will give you this power
  Comment: Luke 4:6
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 18_Noun Demonstrative Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words:  in stada þamma
  Gloss: in place that.M.DAT.S
  Translation: in that place (Lk 2,7)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   19_Possessor Noun No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ 20_Noun Possessor Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: waurd gudis
  Gloss: word.NOM god.GEN
  Translation: god's word /word of god (John 10:35)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words:  ana snagan fairnjana
  Gloss: for wide.N.NOM.SG daur.N.NOM.SG
  Translation: unto (an) garment.ACC.SG old.ACC.SG
  Comment: unto an old garment/mantel
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   A 03_Degree Adjective Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   A 04_Adjective Degree Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: witum ei þu kant alla
  Gloss: know.1.PL that you.SG know.PRS all.ACC.N.PL
  Translation: we know that you know everything
  Comment: John 16:30
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Extra Examples No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words:  af þizaiei uswarp sibun unhulþons
  Gloss: from who.DAT.F.SG cast-out.3.SG.PRF seven devil.ACC.PL
  Translation: out of whom he had cast seven devils
  Comment: Mark 16:9
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words:  þans fimf hlaibans
  Gloss: the(se).DEM.ACC.PL five bread.AC.PL
  Translation: The(se) five breads
  Comment: Luke 9:16
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: þan þans fimf hlaibans gabrak fimf þusundjom
  Gloss: when these.ACC.PL five loaves.ACC.PL break.PFV five thousand.DAT.PL
  Translation: When I brake the five loaves among five thousand, (...)
  Comment: Mark 8:19
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Hairdeis sa goda saiwala seina lagjiþ faur lamba
  Gloss: shepherd this.NOM.M good soul.ACC.F his.ACC.F put down.3.SG for lambs.ACC.PL
  Translation:  the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep (Joh 10, 11)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Jah athaitands þans twalif siponjans
  Gloss: and calling these.ACC.PL twelve disciples.ACC.PL
  Translation: And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, (...) (Mt 10,1)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q02_Final polar Q-marker No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Sau ist sa sunus izwar?
  Gloss: this-u.Q is the sun your.NOM.M.SG?
  Translation: Is this your son?
  Comment: John 9:19
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
  Words: Magutsu driggkan?
  Gloss: can-u.Q drink?
  Translation: Can you drink?
  Comment: Mark 10:38
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Q04_Polar question by intonation No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w01a_Indef mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w01b_Indef mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w01c_Indef mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ w02a_Def mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: jah briggiþ kaurn in bansta seinamma
  Gloss: and he brings.3.SG.PRS wheat in garner his
  Translation: And he will gather the wheat into his garner (Lk 3,17)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   w02b_Def mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w02c_Def mass Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w03a_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w03b_Indef sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w03c_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w03d_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have a plural reading No Cristina Guardiano Forum
   w04a_Def sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w04b_Def sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w04c_Def sing count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w05a_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w05b_Indef pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w05c_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w06a_Def pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w06b_Def pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w06c_Def pl count Ns in O position: can have an article Not Yet Set Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w07_a: Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w07_b Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w07_d Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position must have a 'special article' No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ w08a Proper names in object position can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: wileima Iesu gasaihvan.
  Gloss: want.1PL.PRS Jesus.ACC see.INF
  Translation:  we would see Jesus. (Jo 12:21)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   w08b Proper names in object position must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w08d Proper names in object position must have a "special" article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w10b Proper names modified by an adjective in object position must have an article in object position No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ w20a Singular count nouns in vocative phrases can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: guþ meins, guþ meins, duhve mis bilaist?
  Gloss: god.VOC my, god my, why I.DAT abandon.2.SG.PRF
  Translation: My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? (Mt 27: 46)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   w20b Singular count nouns in vocative phrases must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   W20d Singular count nouns in vocative phrases must have a special vocative marker Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi ("yes" when available). Case morphology. The vocative, exists only In the singular of some declension classes. It is sometimes equal to the nominative or the accusative. Forum
   w21a Proper names in vocative phrases can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Only if there is no vocative mark for that declension. Forum
   w21b Proper names in vocative phrases must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w22d Plural (count) nuns in vocative phrases must have a special vocative marker No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum