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  ISO 639-3 Code: ell
  latlong: 37.58,23.43  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: I Eleni tragudhai sto banio.
  Gloss: the Eleni sings in.the bathroom
  Translation: Eleni is singing in the shower.
  Comment: This order is grammatical with a neutral reading, only if some element follows the verb (e.g., 'in the shower').
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 02_Verb Subject Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: Tragudhise o Gaetano Veloso.
  Gloss: sang the Gaetano Veloso
  Translation: Gaetano Veloso sang.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 03_Verb Object Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: (I Eleni) efage ena pagoto.
  Gloss: (the Eleni) ate an ice-cream
  Translation: Eleni ate an ice-cream.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 04_Object Verb No Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: *ena pagoto efaga
  Gloss: an ice-cream ate-1SG
  Translation: I ate an ice-cream
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 05_Subject Verb Object Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: O Petros espase to kipelo.
  Gloss: the Peter broke the mug
  Translation: Peter broke the mug
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 06_Subject Object Verb No Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: *O Petros to vivlio dhiavase.
  Gloss: the Peter the book read
  Translation: Peter read the book.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 07_Verb Subject Object Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: Espase o Petros to kipelo.
  Gloss: broke the Peter the mug
  Translation: Peter broke the mug.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
   08_Verb Object Subject Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
+ 09_Object Subject Verb No Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: *To vivlio o Petros dhiavase.
  Gloss: the book the Peter read
  Translation: Peter read the book
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 10_Object Verb Subject No Arhonto Terzi only grammatical if object is focused Forum
  Words: *To vivlio dhiavase o Petros
  Gloss: the book read the Peter
  Translation: Peter read the book
  Comment: The sentence becomes grammatical with contrastive focus on the object.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: Me megali efxaristisi
  Gloss: with big pleasure
  Translation: with great pleasure
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 12_Noun_Phrase Adposition No Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: *to grafio apo
  Gloss: the office from
  Translation: from the office
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 13_Adjective Noun Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: To grigoro aftokinito
  Gloss: the fast car
  Translation: the fast car
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: to vivlio to kokino
  Gloss: the book the red
  Translation: the red book
  Comment: The adjective can follow the (definite) noun only when preceded by the definite determiner. This is a structure known as 'Determiner Spreading' or 'Polydefinite' in the literature and is grammatical under a certain (non-neutral) interpretation.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 15_Numeral Noun Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: (ta) pende vivlia
  Gloss: (the) five books
  Translation: the five books
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 16_Noun Numeral No Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: *spitia dekapende
  Gloss: houses fifteen
  Translation: fifteen houses
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: afto to koritsi
  Gloss: this the girl
  Translation: this girl
  Comment: Demonstratives require the presence of the definite determiner.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 18_Noun Demonstrative Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: to pedhi afto
  Gloss: the kid this
  Translation: this kid
  Comment: The expression cannot introduce a new topic. It is grammatical when referring to a previously mentioned entity in the discourse.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 19_Possessor Noun No Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: *Tis Elenis o adhelfos
  Gloss: the-GEN.F Eleni-GEN.F the-NOM.M brother-NOM.M
  Translation: Eleni's brother
  Comment: The expression becomes grammatical with contrastive focus on the possessor.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ 20_Noun Possessor Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: i mitera tu Petru
  Gloss: the mother the-GEN Peter-GEN
  Translation: Peter's mother
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun No Arhonto Terzi Forum
+ 22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: to vivlio mu/tu/tis ...
  Gloss: the book my/his/her ...
  Translation: my/his/her book
  Comment: The pronominal possessor is a clitic.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: to megal-o vivli-o
  Gloss: the.neut.sing big-neut.sing book-neut.sing
  Translation: the big book
  Contributor: Chris Collins
  Words: I psili gineka
  Gloss: the-NOM.F.SG tall-NOM.F.SG woman-NOM.F.SG
  Translation: the tall woman
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: I Eleni ine adinati.
  Gloss: the-NOM.F.SG Eleni-NOM.F.SG is slim-NOM.F.SG
  Translation: Eleni is slim.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ A 03_Degree Adjective Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: poli kurasmenos
  Gloss: very tired-M.SG
  Translation: very tired
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ A 04_Adjective Degree No Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: *Ena megalo arketa spiti
  Gloss: a big enough house
  Translation: a big enough house
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection No Chris Collins Forum
  Words: O Petros ehi fai patates.
  Gloss: the Peter has eaten potatoes
  Translation: Peter has eaten potatoes.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
  Words: O Jiann-is eh-i fig-i
  Gloss: the-masc.sing John-masc.sing has-3sg left-part
  Translation: John has left.
  Contributor: Chris Collins
+ C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: Ipes oti tha figis noris.
  Gloss: said-2SG that FUT leave-2SG early
  Translation: You said that you will leave early.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ C 02_Clause Complementizer No Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: *Ipes tha figis noris oti
  Gloss: said-2SG FUT leave-2SG early that
  Translation: You said that you will leave early.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: Den irthe epidi itan apasxolimenos.
  Gloss: NEG came-3SG because was-3SG busy
  Translation: He didn't come because he was busy.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: *O Petros efige na fai xoris
  Gloss: the Peter left-3SG SBJV eat-3SG without
  Translation: Peter left without eating.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
   Extra Examples Yes Chris Collins Forum
+ N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: Prosoxi! Ine dio skilia sto dromo!
  Gloss: attention. are two dogs in.the street
  Translation: Attention! There are two dogs in the street
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) No Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: *Prosoxi! Ine skilia dio sto dromo!
  Gloss: attention. are dogs two in.the street
  Translation: Attention! There are two dogs in the street
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: Ta tria demata eftasan xtes
  Gloss: the three parcels arrived yesterday
  Translation: The three parcels arrived yesterday
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) No Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: *Ta demata tria eftasan xtes
  Gloss: the parcels three arrived yesterday
  Translation: The three parcels arrived yesterday
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: Ta tria demata eftasan xtes
  Gloss: the three parcels arrived yesterday
  Translation: The three parcels arrived yesterday
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: Afta ta tria demata eftasan xtes
  Gloss: these the three parcels arrived yesterday
  Translation: These three parcels arrived yesterday
  Comment: The presence of the demonstrative requires the presence of the definite article (but not vice versa).
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative No Arhonto Terzi Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No Arhonto Terzi Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Arhonto Terzi Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Arhonto Terzi Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Arhonto Terzi Forum
+ Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: Den evgala poles fotografies.
  Gloss: NEG took many pictures
  Translation: I did not take many pictures.
  Comment: The negative particle 'den' is used with Indicatives. 'Mi(n)' is used with Subjunctives and Gerunds.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No Arhonto Terzi Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Arhonto Terzi Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Arhonto Terzi Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No Arhonto Terzi Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Arhonto Terzi Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Arhonto Terzi Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Arhonto Terzi Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Arhonto Terzi Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Arhonto Terzi Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No Arhonto Terzi Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No Arhonto Terzi Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence No Arhonto Terzi Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No Arhonto Terzi Forum
+ Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: afto to eksipno pedhi
  Gloss: this the clever kid
  Translation: this clever kid
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: afto to vivlio to kokino
  Gloss:  this the book the red
  Translation: this red book
  Comment: This order is possible only in the 'Determiner Spreading/Polydefinite' structure, and it is grammatical when referring to a previously mentioned entity in the discourse
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative No Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: *to vivlio to kokino afto
  Gloss: the book the red this
  Translation: this red book
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
  Words: *to vivlio to kokino afto
  Gloss: the book the red this
  Translation: this red book
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: to vivlio afto to kokino
  Gloss: the book this the red
  Translation: this red book
  Comment: This order is possible only in the 'Determiner Speading/Polydefinite' structure, and it is grammatical with the (non-neutral) intepretation associated with it. Still, some speakers accept it only with a pause before the Adjective.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
  Words: to vivlio afto to kokino
  Gloss: the book this the red
  Translation: this red book
  Comment: This order is possible only in the 'Determiner Speading/Polydefinite' structure, and it is grammatical with the (non-neutral) intepretation associated with it. Still, some speakers accept it only with a pause before the Adjective.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: to eksipno afto pedhi
  Gloss: the clever this kid
  Translation: this clever kid
  Comment: The expression is marginally (if at all) acceptable as introducing a new topic. It is perfectly grammatical when referring to a previously mentioned entity in the discourse.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: to eksipno pedhi afto
  Gloss: the clever this kid
  Translation: this clever kid
  Comment: The expression is marginally (if at all) acceptable as introducing a new topic. It is perfectly grammatical when referring to a previously mentioned entity in the discourse. By contast to the Adjective Demonstrative Noun order, the Demonstrative is now an emphatic topic.
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: afti i tris andres
  Gloss: these the three men
  Translation: these three men
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: *Kser-is aft-a ta ped-ja (ta) dhio?
  Gloss: know-2.SG these-PL.ACC the.PL.ACC children-PL.ACC the.PL.ACC two
  Translation: 'Do you know these two children?'
  Comment: Example is out with or without determiner spreading
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: I apofas-is i dhio aft-es ine poli simantik-es.
  Gloss: the.PL.NOM decision-PL.NOM the.PL.NOM two these-PL.NOM are very important-PL.NOM
  Translation: 'These two decisions are very important.'
  Comment: The example is only grammatical with determiner spreading.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
   Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
+ Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: i dio aftes fititries
  Gloss: the two these students
  Translation: these two (female) students
  Comment: See 'Adjective Demonstrative Noun' for grammaticality conditions
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative Yes Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Words: i eksinda ergates afti
  Gloss: the sixty workers these
  Translation: these sixty workers
  Comment: See 'Adjective Noun Demonstrative' for grammaticality conditions
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
+ Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: E-fta-se o Janis s-to stathm-o?
  Gloss: PST-arrive-PST.3.SG the.NOM.SG John to-ACC.SG station-ACC.SG
  Translation: 'Has John arrived at the station?'
  Comment: Greek allows both SV and VS orders. Polar questions always involve V- or Aux-fronting and special intonation.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q02_Final polar Q-marker No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: E-fta-se o Janis s-to stathm-o?
  Gloss: PST-arrive-PST.3.SG the.NOM.SG John to-ACC.SG station-ACC.SG
  Translation: 'Has John arrived at the station?'
  Comment: Greek allows both SV and VS orders. Polar questions always involve V- or Aux-fronting and special intonation.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: E-fta-se o Janis s-to stathm-o?
  Gloss: PST-arrive-PST.3.SG the.NOM.SG John to-ACC.SG station-ACC.SG
  Translation: 'Has John arrived at the station?'
  Comment: Greek allows both SV and VS orders. Polar questions always involve V- or Aux-fronting and special intonation.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q04_Polar question by intonation No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: O Janis e-fta-se s-to stathm-o?
  Gloss: the.NOM.SG John PST-arrive-PST.3.SG to-ACC.SG station-ACC.SG
  Translation: 'Has John arrived at the station?'
  Comment: Greek allows both SV and VS orders. Polar questions always involve V- or Aux-fronting and special intonation. The SV order in the example is grammatical as a polar question. However, it involves a left dislocated nominative subject, so it cannot be taken as an instance of a neutral polar question with SV order. Left dislocation is detected by special contrastive topic intonation on the subject. The rest of the clause exhibits the usual polar question intonation. When the contrastive intonation on the subje
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q05_Polar question by V-fronting Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: E-fta-se o Janis s-to stathm-o?
  Gloss: PST-arrive-PST.3.SG the.NOM.SG John to-ACC.SG station-ACC.SG
  Translation: 'Has John arrived at the station?'
  Comment: The corresponding declarative sentence is allowed with both SV and VS order. The example involves either no fronting, or string-vacuous movement of the verb or movement across S. I conclude that V-fronting is involved based on the fact that SV orders do not form neutral polar question without V-fronting. (See comments in Q04_Polar questions with intonation)
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Ex-i erthi i Ana?
  Gloss: has-3.SG come the.SS.NOM Ann
  Translation: Has Anna come?
  Comment: The order Aux S V is ungrammatical, even though Greek allows SV orders in declarative sentences.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No Giorgos Spathas Forum
+ Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Q: Ex-i erthi i Ana? A: Ne.
  Gloss: Q: has-3.SG come the.SS.NOM Ann A: Yes.
  Translation: Q: Has Ann come? A: Yes.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q09_Affirmative answer by verb Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Q: E-val-es domat-es s-to psigi-o? A1: E-val-a A2: *Tis=e-val-a Q: E-val-es tis domat-es s-to psigi-o? A1: *E-val-a A2: Tis=e-val-a
  Gloss: Q: PST-put-PST.2.SG tomatoes-PL.ACC in-the.SG.ACC fridge-SG.ACC A1: PST-put-PST.1.SG A2: them.PL.ACC=PST-put-PST.1.SG Q: PST-put-PST.2.SG the.PL.ACC tomatoes-PL.ACC in-the.SG.ACC fridge-SG.ACC A1: PST-put-PST.1.SG A2: them.PL.ACC=PST-put-PST.1.SG
  Translation: Q: Did you put tomatoes in the fridge? A1: Yes (lit. 'put') A2: Yes (lit. 'them-put') Q: Did you put the tomatoes in the fridge? A1: Yes (lit. 'put') A2: Yes (lit. 'them-put')
  Comment: In the presense of a definite object which can be resumed by a clitic, the presense of a clitic in a short answer is obligatory.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Q: Ex-i erthi i Ana? A: Ex-i.
  Gloss: Q: has-3.SG come the.SS.NOM Ann A: has-3.SG
  Translation: Q: Has Ann come? A: Yes (lit. 'has').
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Q: Ex-i erthi i Ana? A: Ex-i erthi.
  Gloss: Q: has-3.SG come the.SS.NOM Ann A: has-3.SG come
  Translation: Q: Has Ann come? A: Yes (lit 'has come')
  Comment: In case the question includes a transitive verb, the verb in the Aux V answer needs to include a clitic refering to the object (cf. Q09)
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Q: Pij-e o Janis s-to parti? A: Ne, pije.
  Gloss: Q: went-PST.3.SG the.NOM.SG John to-the.ACC.SG party A: Yes went-PST.3.SG
  Translation: Q: Didi John go to the party? A: Yes (lit 'yes, went')
  Comment: The answer in A is only acceptable with an intonational break between particle and verb.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Q: Ex-i erthi i Ana? A: *Ine.
  Gloss: Q: has-3.SG come the.SS.NOM Ann A: Is.PRS.3.SG
  Translation: Q: Has Ann come? A: Yes (lit. 'is')
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Q: Irth-e kanis? A: Irth-e.
  Gloss: Q: come-PST.3.SG anyone A: come-PST.3.SG
  Translation: Q: Did anyone arrive? A: Yes (lit 'come')
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Q: Irth-e kanis? A: Irth-e.
  Gloss: Q: come-PST.3.SG anyone A: come-PST.3.SG
  Translation: Q: Did anyone arrive? A: Yes (lit 'come')
  Comment: Greek has no affirmative particle.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Q: Ex-i erthi i Ana? A: Oxi.
  Gloss: Q: has-3.SG come the.SS.NOM Ann A: No.
  Translation: Q: Has Ann arrived? A: No.
  Comment: A negative declarative uses 'dhe(n)'
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Q: Ex-i erthi i Ana? A: *Dhen.
  Gloss: Q: has-3.SG come the.SS.NOM Ann A: Not.
  Translation: Q: Has Ann arrived? A: No. (lit 'not')
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Q: Ajoras-es domat-es? A: Dhen ajoras-a.
  Gloss: Q: Bought-PST.2.SG tomatoes-PL.ACC A: Not bought-PST.1.SG
  Translation: Q: Did you buy tomatoes? A: No. (lit. 'not bought')
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q19ANegQ_Truth-based confirmation Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Q: Dhen ex-i erthi i Ana? A: Ne (, dhen exi erthi)
  Gloss: Q: not has-3.SG come the.SG.NOM Ann A: Yes not has-3.SG come
  Translation: Q: Has Ann not arrived? A: Yes (she has not arrived)
  Comment: The 'yes' answer is very marginally acceptable without the continuation.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q20ANegQ_Polarity-based confirmation Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Q: Dhen ex-i erthi i Ana? A: Oxi.
  Gloss: Q: not has-3.SG come the.SG.NOM Ann A: No.
  Translation: Q: Has Ann not arrived? A: No.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q21ANegQ_Polarity-reversing particle Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Q: Dhen ex-i erthi i Ana? A1: *Ne. A2: Ne (, exi erthi.) A3: Ki omos.
  Gloss: Q: not has-3.SG come the.SG.NOM Ann A1: Yes A2: Yes has-3.SG come A3: And but.
  Translation: Q: Has Ann not arrived. A: Yes (she has arrived).
  Comment: A 'yes' answer requires a continuation. The polarity reversing particle 'ki omos' requires no continuation.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Q22ANegQ_Polarity-reversing answer by affirmative and special particle Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Q: Dhen ex-i erthi i Ana? A: Ne, ki omos.
  Gloss: Q: not has-3.SG come the.SG.NOM Ann A: Yes, and but
  Translation: Q: Has Ann not arrived. A: Yes (she has arrived).
  Comment: Polarity reversing 'ki omos' is compatible with the standard affirmative particle 'ne'. Notice that the two do not form an intonational unit.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No Arhonto Terzi Forum
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No Arhonto Terzi Forum
+ w01a_Indef mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Giorgos Spathas values of w01 through w06 set twice and verified (Fabricio M. F. Gerardi and Giorgos Spathas) Forum
  Words: Pin-o krasi.
  Gloss: drink-1.SG.PRS wine.ACC
  Translation: I drink wine.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w01b_Indef mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Pin-o krasi.
  Gloss: drink-1SG.PRS wine.ACC
  Translation: I drink wine.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w01c_Indef mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: *Pin-o ena krasi.
  Gloss: drink-1SG.PRS INDF.SG.ACC wine.ACC
  Translation: I drink wine.
  Comment: A. The example is grammatical under the meaning 'I drink a glass of wine.' B. The following example with the preposition apo 'from' used for partitives is grammatical under the specified meaning. Pin-o apo to krasi. drink-1SG.PRS from DEF.SG.ACC wine.ACC 'I drink some of the wine.'
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w02a_Def mass Ns in O position: can be bare No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: *Val-e krasi sto psiji-o.
  Gloss: put-3.SG.IMP wine.SG.ACC in.DEF.SG.ACC fridge-SG.ACC
  Translation: Put the wine in the fridge.
  Comment: The example is grammatical under an indefinite interpretation of 'wine'.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w02b_Def mass Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: *Val-e krasi sto psiji-o.
  Gloss: put-3.SG.IMP wine.SG.ACC in.DEF.SG.ACC fridge-SG.ACC
  Translation: Put the wine in the fridge
  Comment: The example is grammatical under an indefinite interpretation of 'wine'.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w02c_Def mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Val-e *(to) krasi sto psiji-o.
  Gloss: put-3.SG.IMP DEF.SG.ACC wine.SG.ACC in.DEF.SG.ACC fridge-SG.ACC
  Translation: Put the wine in the fridge.
  Comment: The example is ungrammatical without the definite aricle (unless an indefinite reading is intended)
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w03a_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Diavaz-o efimeridh-a.
  Gloss: read-1.SG.IMP newspaper-SG.ACC
  Translation: I am reading a newspaper.
  Comment: Bare indefinite singular count nouns in object position are licensed in two cases: (a) when the predicate describes an 'institutionalized activity' (see Dayal 2011 for similar restrictions in cases of incorporation and Gehrke&Lekakou 2013 for cases of Preposition+Determiner drop in Greek as in Pa-o sinema/ go-1.SG.IMP cinema.ACC / 'I'm going to the cinema' next to Pa-o sto sinema/ go-1.SG.IMP to.DEF.SG.ACC cinema.ACC / 'I'm going to the cinema') (b) a (subset) of intensional transitive verbs license bare i
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w03b_Indef sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Diavaz-o (mia) efimeridh-a.
  Gloss: read-1.SG.IMP INDF.SG.ACC newspaper-SG.ACC
  Translation: I am reading a newspaper.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w03c_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Diavaz-o (mia) efimeridh-a.
  Gloss: read-1.SG.IMP INDF.SG.ACC newspaper-SG.ACC
  Translation: I am reading a newspaper.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w03d_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have a plural reading No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Diavaz-o efimeridh-a olo to proi.
  Gloss: read-1.SG.IMP newspaper-SG.ACC all DEF.SG.ACC morning.ACC
  Translation: I am reading (one or more) newspaper(s) the whole morning.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w04a_Def sing count Ns in O position: can be bare No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: *Kale-sa koritsi.
  Gloss: call-1.SG.PST.PFV girl.SG.ACC
  Translation: I called the girl.
  Comment: Context: I met a boy and a girl.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w04b_Def sing count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Kale-sa *(to) koritsi.
  Gloss: call-1.SG.PST.PFV DEF.SG.ACC girl.SG.ACC
  Translation: I called the girl.
  Comment: Context: I met a boy and a girl.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w04c_Def sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Kale-sa *(to) koritsi.
  Gloss: call-1.SG.PST.PFV DEF.SG.ACC girl.SG.ACC
  Translation: I called the girl.
  Comment: Context: I met a boy and a girl.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w05a_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Ajora-sa vivli-a.
  Gloss: buy-1.SG.PST.PERF book-PL.ACC
  Translation: I bought books.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w05b_Indef pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Ajora-sa vivli-a.
  Gloss: buy-1.SG.PST.PERF book-PL.ACC
  Translation: I bought books.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w05c_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Ajora-sa vivli-a.
  Gloss: buy-1.SG.PST.PERF book-PL.ACC
  Translation: I bought books.
  Comment: The example is grammatical with the quantifier kapja 'some' Ajora-sa kapj-a vivli-a./ buy-1.SG.PST.PERF some-PL.ACC book-PL.ACC/ 'I bought some books.' The following example with the preposition apo 'from' used for partitives is grammatical under the specified meaning. Ajora-sa apo ta vivli-a./ buy-1.SG.PST.PERF from DEF.PL.ACC book-PL.ACC / 'I bough some of the books.'
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w06a_Def pl count Ns in O position: can be bare No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Kale-sa *(ta) ajori-a.
  Gloss: call-1.SG.PST.PFV DEF.PL.ACC boy-PL.ACC
  Translation: I called the boys.
  Comment: Context: I met two boys and a girl.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w06b_Def pl count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Kale-sa *(ta) ajori-a.
  Gloss: call-1.SG.PST.PFV DEF.PL.ACC boy-PL.ACC
  Translation: I called the boys.
  Comment: Context: I met two boys and a girl.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w06c_Def pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Kale-sa *(ta) ajori-a.
  Gloss: call-1.SG.PST.PFV DEF.PL.ACC boy-PL.ACC
  Translation: I called the boys.
  Comment: Context: I met two boys and a girl.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w07_a: Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position can be bare Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Thel-o ili-o.
  Gloss: want-1.SG.IMP sun-SG.ACC
  Translation: I want sun.
  Comment: Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents can be bare in object position when they are internal arguments of a sub-set of intensional verbs (desire- and seacrh-verbs). The example means that the speaker wants sunlight, rather than the physical object in the sky, as is the case when the definite article is included (Thel-o ton ili-o. / want-1.SG.IMP DEF.SG.ACC sun-SG.ACC).
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w07_b Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position must have an article No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Thel-o ili-o.
  Gloss: want-1.SG.IMP sun-SG.ACC
  Translation: I want sun.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w07_c Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position can have an article Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Idh-a ton ili-o.
  Gloss: saw-1.SG.PST.PFV DEF.SG.ACC sun-SG.ACC
  Translation: I saw the sun.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w07_d Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position must have a 'special article' No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w08a Proper names in object position can be bare No Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: *Sinandis-a Jan-i.
  Gloss: meet-1.SG.PST.PFV John-SG.ACC
  Translation: I met John.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ w08b Proper names in object position must have an article Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
  Words: Sinandis-a ton Jan-i.
  Gloss: meet-1.SG.PST.PFV DEF.SG.ACC John-SG.ACC
  Translation: I met John.
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
   w08c Proper names in object position can have an article No Giorgos Spathas Forum
   w08d Proper names in object position must have a "special" article No Giorgos Spathas Forum
   w09a Order Art-PN in object position Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
   w09b Order PN-Art in object position No Giorgos Spathas Forum
   w10a Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can be bare No Giorgos Spathas Forum
   w10b Proper names modified by an adjective in object position must have an article in object position Yes Giorgos Spathas Forum
   w10c Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can have an article No Giorgos Spathas Forum
   w11a Order A--PN in object position Yes Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   w11b Order PN--A in object position Yes Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   w12a Order Definite Article – Noun with mass nouns in object position Yes Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   w12b Order Noun–Definite Article with mass nouns in object position No Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   w12c Order Definite Article–Noun with singular count nouns in object position Yes Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   w12d Order Noun-Definite Article with singular count nouns in object position No Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   w12e Order Definite Article–Noun with plural nouns in object position Yes Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   w12f Order Noun–Definite Article with plural nouns in object position No Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   w20a Singular count nouns in vocative phrases can be bare Yes Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   w20b Singular count nouns in vocative phrases must have an article No Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   w20c Singular count nouns in vocative phrases can have an article No Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   W20d Singular count nouns in vocative phrases must have a special vocative marker Yes Dimitris Michelioudakis obligatory case morphology Forum
   w20e Singular count nouns in vocative phrases can have a special vocative marker Yes Dimitris Michelioudakis optional vocative particles (e.g. 'ε', (rare/archaic) 'o') Forum
   w21a Proper names in vocative phrases can be bare Yes Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   w21b Proper names in vocative phrases must have an article No Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   w21c Proper names in vocative phrases can have an article No Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   w21d Proper names in vocative phrases must have a special vocative marker Yes Dimitris Michelioudakis obligatory case morphology Forum
   w21e Proper names in vocative phrases can have a special vocative marker Yes Dimitris Michelioudakis optional vocative particles (e.g. 'ε', (rare/archaic) 'o') Forum
   w22a Plural (count) nouns in vocative phrases can be bare Yes Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   w22b Plural (count) nouns in vocative phrases must have an article No Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   w22c Plural (count) nouns in vocative phrases can have an article No Dimitris Michelioudakis Forum
   w22d Plural (count) nuns in vocative phrases must have a special vocative marker Yes Dimitris Michelioudakis obligatory case morphology Forum
   w22e Plural (count) nouns in vocative phrases can have a special vocative marker Yes Dimitris Michelioudakis optional vocative particles (e.g. 'ε', (rare/archaic) 'o') Forum