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Greenlandic, West (Kalaallisut)

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: kal
  latlong: 64.183252,-51.725693  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Stephen Mayeaux Forum
  Words: Anda sini-ppoq
  Gloss: Anda-ABS sleep-3s.IND
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
   02_Verb Subject No Stephen Mayeaux Forum
   03_Verb Object No Stephen Mayeaux Forum
+ 04_Object Verb Yes Stephen Mayeaux Forum
  Words: tuttu taku-aa
  Gloss: caribou see-3s.3s.IND
  Translation: ‘He saw the caribou’
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
+ 05_Subject Verb Object No Stephen Mayeaux # by the example indicates grammatical but not in a neutral context (object focus only) Forum
  Words: #piniartu-p pisar-aa puisi
  Gloss: hunter-ERG catch-3s.3s.IND seal
  Translation: ‘The hunter caught the seal’
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
+ 06_Subject Object Verb Yes Stephen Mayeaux Forum
  Words: Piniartu-p puisi pisar-aa
  Gloss: hunter-ERG seal catch-3s.3s.IND
  Translation: ‘The hunter caught the seal’
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
   07_Verb Subject Object No Stephen Mayeaux Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject No Stephen Mayeaux Forum
+ 09_Object Subject Verb No Stephen Mayeaux # by the example indicates grammatical but not in a neutral context (object thematization only) Forum
  Words: #puisi piniartu-p pisar-aa
  Gloss: seal hunter-ERG catch-3s.3s.IND
  Translation: ‘The hunter caught the seal’
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
+ 10_Object Verb Subject No Stephen Mayeaux # by the example indicates grammatical but not in a neutral context (only in response to a question of the form, ‘Who performed the given action?’ with non-lowered pitch on the final constituent) Forum
  Words: #puisi pisar-aa piniartu-p
  Gloss: seal catch-3s.3s.INDIC hunter-ERG
  Translation:  ‘The hunter caught the seal’
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
   11_Adposition Noun_Phrase No Stephen Mayeaux Forum
+ 12_Noun_Phrase Adposition Yes Stephen Mayeaux Forum
  Words: illu-p ilu-a-ni
  Gloss: house-REL interior-3s.POSS-LOC
  Translation: ‘in the house’
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Stephen Mayeaux Forum
  Words: illirviusaq qisuk
  Gloss: box wood
  Translation: ‘a wooden box’
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
   15_Numeral Noun No Stephen Mayeaux Forum
+ 16_Noun Numeral Yes Stephen Mayeaux Forum
  Words: puisi ataasiq
  Gloss: seal one
  Translation: ‘one seal’
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
+ 17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Stephen Mayeaux Forum
  Words: una arnaq
  Gloss: that woman
  Translation: ‘that female person’
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
+ 18_Noun Demonstrative Yes Stephen Mayeaux Forum
  Words: arnaq una
  Gloss: woman that
  Translation: ‘that woman’
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
+ 19_Possessor Noun Yes Stephen Mayeaux Forum
  Words: Anda-p illu-a
  Gloss: Anda-ERG house-3s.POSS
  Translation: ‘Anda’s house'
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
   20_Noun Possessor No Stephen Mayeaux Forum
+ A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Stephen Mayeaux Forum
  Words: qimmi-t qaqurtu-t marluk taakku
  Gloss: dog-PL white-PL two those
  Translation: 'those two white dogs'
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
   A 04_Adjective Degree No Stephen Mayeaux Forum
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection No Stephen Mayeaux Forum
   C 01_Complementizer Clause NA Stephen Mayeaux Subordination is marked by verbal inflection alone in West Greenlandic. This suggests that the language lacks overt complementizers. Forum
   C 02_Clause Complementizer NA Stephen Mayeaux Subordination is marked by verbal inflection alone in West Greenlandic. This suggests that the language lacks overt complementizers. Forum
+ C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause NA Stephen Mayeaux Since all subordination is marked by verbal inflection, this language may not have adverbial subordinators. The example shows how causative and contemporative moods are used to express subordination. Forum
  Words: sinit-sil-lunga sinnattur-punga
  Gloss: sleep-CAUS-1s.CONT dream-1s.IND
  Translation: ‘While I was sleeping I had a dream’
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
+ C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator NA Stephen Mayeaux Since all subordination is marked by verbal inflection, this language may not have adverbial subordinators. The example shows how causative and contemporative moods are used to express subordination. Forum
  Words: sinit-sil-lunga sinnattur-punga
  Gloss: sleep-CAUS-1s.CONT dream-1s.IND
  Translation: ‘While I was sleeping I had a dream’
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
+ Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative Yes Stephen Mayeaux Forum
  Words: qimmi-t qaqurtu-t marluk taakku
  Gloss: dog-PL white-PL two those
  Translation: ‘those two white dogs’
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux