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Hausa

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: hau
  latlong: 12,8.516667  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
   01_Subject Verb Yes Russell Schuh Forum
   02_Verb Subject No Russell Schuh Forum
   03_Verb Object Yes Russell Schuh Forum
   04_Object Verb No Russell Schuh Forum
   05_Subject Verb Object Yes Russell Schuh Forum
   06_Subject Object Verb No Russell Schuh Forum
   07_Verb Subject Object No Russell Schuh Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject No Russell Schuh Forum
   09_Object Subject Verb No Russell Schuh Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No Russell Schuh Forum
   11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Russell Schuh Forum
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition No Michael A. Estrada Forum
+ 13_Adjective Noun Yes Russell Schuh Forum
  Words: fari-n dookìi
  Gloss: white-linker horse
  Translation: white horse
  Comment: gender sensitive linker required with prenominal adjective
  Contributor: Russell Schuh
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Russell Schuh Forum
  Words: yārṑ ƙàramī
  Gloss: boy small
  Translation: 'a small boy'
  Contributor: Michael A. Estrada
   15_Numeral Noun No Russell Schuh Forum
+ 16_Noun Numeral Yes Russell Schuh Forum
  Words: kàtīfà huɗu
  Gloss: mattress.SG four
  Translation: 'four mattresses'
  Comment: As stated in the reference grammar, "it is normal to use [nouns in] the singular form with numerals and other quantifiers even when the noun has a corresponding plural form" (pg. 382). The noun 'kàtīfà' above has the plural form of 'kàtìfū'.
  Contributor: Michael A. Estrada
+ 17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Russell Schuh Forum
  Words: wannán kwālī
  Gloss: this.M (speaker proximal) carton.M
  Translation: this carton
  Contributor: Michael A. Estrada
+ 18_Noun Demonstrative Yes Russell Schuh Forum
  Words: dōkìn nân
  Gloss: horse.M this
  Translation: 'this horse'
  Comment: When the demonstrative functions as a determiner, the demonstrative (determiner) does not have gender/number sensitivity. (page 149)
  Contributor: Michael A. Estrada
   19_Possessor Noun No Russell Schuh Forum
   20_Noun Possessor Yes Russell Schuh Forum
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun No Russell Schuh Forum
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes Russell Schuh Forum
   A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
   A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes Russell Schuh Forum
   A 03_Degree Adjective NA Michael A. Estrada Forum
   A 04_Adjective Degree NA Michael A. Estrada Forum
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Extra Examples No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) No Michael A. Estrada Forum
+ N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
  Words: kujeru biyu
  Gloss: chair.PL two
  Translation: two chairs
  Contributor: Michael A. Estrada
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) No Michael A. Estrada Forum
+ N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
  Words: huluna ukun
  Gloss: cap.PL three.Definite article
  Translation: the three caps
  Contributor: Michael A. Estrada
+ N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
  Words: biira biyun
  Gloss: monkey.PL two.DET
  Translation: the two monkeys
  Contributor: Michael A. Estrada
   N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No Michael A. Estrada Forum
+ Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
  Words: wânnan bàbbar ƙasā
  Gloss: that large country
  Translation: 'that large country'
  Contributor: Michael A. Estrada
   Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative No Michael A. Estrada Forum
+ Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
  Words: kwālin nàn bàbba
  Gloss: carton.M this large
  Translation: 'this large carton'
  Contributor: Michael A. Estrada
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun No Michael A. Estrada Forum
+ Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
  Words: waɗànnân kūkōkī (gùdā) bìyar
  Gloss: these baobab trees (unit) five
  Translation: 'these five baobab trees'
  Comment: Cardinal numbers are optionally preceded by the word gùdā 'unit'. (page 379)
  Contributor: Michael A. Estrada
   Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No Russell Schuh Forum
+ Q02_Final polar Q-marker Yes Russell Schuh Forum
  Words: Decl: zaa tà fìta; Question: zaa tà fìtaà?
  Translation: "she will go out. Will she go out?"
  Comment: Appended low tone and lengthening of final vowel (Newman & Newman 1981)
  Contributor: Russell Schuh
   Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker No Russell Schuh Forum
   Q04_Polar question by intonation Yes Russell Schuh Forum
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting No Russell Schuh Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting No Russell Schuh Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No Russell Schuh The Q-marker, such as it is, would always be sentence final. Forum
+ Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes Russell Schuh Forum
  Words: Kun ida salla? I
  Translation: Have you completed your prayers? yes
  Contributor: Russell Schuh
   Q09_Affirmative answer by verb No Russell Schuh Q09-Q15: No for all of these. If one answered with something more than just 'yes' or 'no', it would have to be an otherwise complete clause, i.e. in answer to 'did you go?', one could not give an answer equivalent to 'went', 'did', 'yes, went', etc. Forum
   Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary No Russell Schuh Forum
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb No Russell Schuh Forum
   Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb No Russell Schuh Forum
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No Russell Schuh Forum
   Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question No Russell Schuh Forum
   Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question No Russell Schuh Forum
   Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle Yes Russell Schuh Forum
   Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation No Russell Schuh Forum
   Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb No Russell Schuh Forum
+ Q19ANegQ_Truth-based confirmation Yes Russell Schuh Forum
  Words: A: Ba ka da goro B: I
  Translation: Don't you have any kolas? Yes (i.e. I don't have any)
  Contributor: Russell Schuh
   Q20ANegQ_Polarity-based confirmation No Russell Schuh Forum
   Q21ANegQ_Polarity-reversing particle No Russell Schuh Forum
   Q22ANegQ_Polarity-reversing answer by affirmative and special particle No Russell Schuh Forum
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No Michael A. Estrada Forum