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Hebrew

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: heb
  latlong: 31.7857,35.2007  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: Gabi yaSen
  Gloss: Gabi sleep-M.S.PRS
  Translation: Gabi is sleeping
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ 02_Verb Subject Yes Ur Shlonsky Hebrew does allow VS(0) but in a constrained way: Either some constituent precedes V (not V2, but V-not-1) or the postverbal subject is indefinite (with intransitives, not with transitives), or, the verb is presentational (not simply unaccusative) or if there is a weak locative 'here' or 'there' in the sentence. Forum
  Words: *yaSan Gabi
  Gloss: sleep.M.S.PST Gabi
  Translation: Gabi slept
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ 03_Verb Object Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: hu henif degel
  Gloss: he hoist.M.S.PRS flag
  Translation: He hoisted a flag
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ 04_Object Verb No Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: *Gabi xatul-im ohev
  Gloss: Gabi act-M.PL like-PR
  Translation: Gabi likes cats
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ 05_Subject Verb Object Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: Gabi 'oxel tapu'ax
  Gloss: Gabi eat.M.S.PRS apple
  Translation: Gabi is eating an apple
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
   06_Subject Object Verb No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   07_Verb Subject Object No Ur Shlonsky Forum
+ 08_Verb Object Subject No Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: *henif degel Gabi
  Gloss: hoist.M.S.PR flag Gabi
  Translation: Gabi hoisted a flag
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ 09_Object Subject Verb No Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: *xatul-im Gabi 'ohev
  Gloss: cat-M.PL Gabi liks-PR
  Translation: Gabi likes cats
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ 10_Object Verb Subject No Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: *xatul-im 'ohev Gabi
  Gloss: cat-M.PL like-PR Gabi
  Translation: Gabi likes cats
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ 11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: Gabi yaSav 9al kise
  Gloss: Gabi sat-PST on chair
  Translation: Gabi sat on a chair
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition No Ur Shlonsky Forum
+ 13_Adjective Noun No Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: *adom degel
  Gloss: red flag
  Translation: red flag
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: degel adom
  Gloss: flag red
  Translation: red flag
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ 15_Numeral Noun Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: SloS-a dgal-im
  Gloss: three-F flag-M.PL
  Translation: three flags
  Comment: 1. The numeral "one" follows the noun. 2. Gender reversal in numeral-noun agreement: Masculine nouns take numbers inflected for feminine and vice versa.
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
   16_Noun Numeral Yes Ur Shlonsky Only for the numeral one Forum
+ 17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: *hu henif ze degel
  Gloss: he hoist-PST this flag
  Translation: He hoisted this flag
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ 18_Noun Demonstrative Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: hu henif degel ze
  Gloss: he hoist-PST flag this
  Translation: He hoisted this flag
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ 19_Possessor Noun No Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: *Sel Gabi xatul
  Gloss: of Gabi cat
  Translation: Gabi's cat
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ 20_Noun Possessor Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: xatul Sel Gabi
  Gloss: cat of Gabi
  Translation: Gabi's cat
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun No asaf bachrach Forum
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes asaf bachrach Forum
+ A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: xatul-im raz-im
  Gloss: cat-PL thin-PL
  Translation: thin cats
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: ha-dgalim hay-u 'adum-im
  Gloss: the-flag-M.PL be-PST red-M.PL
  Translation: The flags were red
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ A 03_Degree Adjective Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: me'od gadol
  Gloss: very big
  Translation: very big
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ A 04_Adjective Degree Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: gadol me'od
  Gloss: big very
  Translation: very big
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection NA Ur Shlonsky Forum
   C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
+ C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: *Gabi 'azav le-'exol bli
  Gloss: Gabi left INF-eat without
  Translation: Gabi left without eating
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
   Extra Examples No Ur Shlonsky Forum
+ N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: yeš šloš.im kisa'.ot b.a bayt
  Gloss: be thirty.pl chair-pl in.the house
  Translation: 'there are 30 chairs in the house
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: yeš kise exad b.a bayt
  Gloss: be chair one in.the house
  Translation: 'there is one chair in the house'
  Comment: Only possible with 'one'.
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: arba'at ha xavilot higi'u etmol
  Gloss: four the packages arrived yesterday
  Translation: 'the 4 packages arrived yesterday'
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) No Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: Context: Aba šalax la-nu xavila axat etmol.
  Gloss: Dad sent to-us package one yesterday
  Translation: 'Dad sent us one package yesterday.'
  Comment: (ambiguous can also men send us a package) See next example for continuation
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
  Words: Continuation : ha xavila higi'a be šalom.
  Gloss: the package arrived in peace
  Translation: 'the package arrived safely.'
  Comment: The (definite) contiunation cannot include the number one. This is why this property is set to no. We take the (N Num) in the context 'Dad sent us one package yesterday), to be a specific indefinite
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: arba'at ha xavilot higi'u etmol
  Gloss: four the packages arrived yesterday
  Translation: 'the 4 packages arrived yesterday'
  Comment: YES (even though the definite article appears in the 'wrong' position, as is the case with construct state DPs.)
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: arba'at ha xavilot ha elu higi'u etmol
  Gloss: four the packages the these arrived yesterday
  Translation: 'these 4 packages arrived yesterday'
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No Ur Shlonsky possible in archaisms, e.g., the biblical flood lasted 'forty day and forty night. Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Ur Shlonsky Forum
+ N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: šaloš birot vs. šlošet ha birot
  Gloss: three beers three-f the beers
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
+ Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun No Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: *ze adom degel
  Gloss: this red flag
  Translation: this red flag
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: hu henif ze degel adom
  Gloss: he hoist-PST this flag red
  Translation: He hoisted this red flag
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: degel adom ze
  Gloss: flag red this
  Translation: this red flag
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
   Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective No Ur Shlonsky Forum
+ Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: *adom ze degel
  Gloss: red this flag
  Translation: this red flag
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: *adom degel ze
  Gloss: red flag this
  Translation: this red flag
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No Ur Shlonsky Forum
+ Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: arba xavilot elu higi'u etmol
  Gloss: four packages these arrived yesterday
  Translation: 'These four packages arrived yesterday'
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ Q01_Initial polar Q-marker Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: ha'im ha rakevet higi'a ?
  Gloss: Q the train arrived
  Translation: 'Has the train arrived ?'
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
   Q02_Final polar Q-marker No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Q04_Polar question by intonation Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
+ Q09_Affirmative answer by verb Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: hixnasta et ha a'gvanyiot la marker ? hixnasti
  Gloss: put+in-you.m acc the tomatoes to-the fridge ? put-in-I
  Translation: 'I did'
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
  Words: ha rakevet higi'a ? ken
  Gloss: the train arrived yes
  Translation: 'Has the train arrived ? "yes''
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: Rina yexola le hiša'er ? yexola
  Gloss: Rina can to stay? can
  Translation: 'Can Rina stay ?
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb No Ur Shlonsky Forum
+ Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: hixnasta et ha a'gvanyiot la makrer ? ken, hixnasti.
  Gloss: put+in-you.m acc the tomatoes to-the fridge ? yes, put.in-I
  Translation: 'Did you put the tomatoes in the fridge'
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle No Ur Shlonsky Forum
+ Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: hixnasta et ha a'gvanyiot la makrer ?
  Gloss: put+in-you.m acc the tomatoes to-the fridge ? lo
  Translation: 'Did you put the tomatoes in the fridge' No
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
   Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Q19ANegQ_Truth-based confirmation No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Q20ANegQ_Polarity-based confirmation Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
   Q21ANegQ_Polarity-reversing particle No Ur Shlonsky Forum
+ Q22ANegQ_Polarity-reversing answer by affirmative and special particle Yes Ur Shlonsky Forum
  Words: ken, hu ken nasa (the second ken is stressed)
  Gloss: yes, he yes go
  Translation: yes, he DID go
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No asaf bachrach Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No Ur Shlonsky Forum
   w01a_Indef mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Assif Am-David Forum
   w01b_Indef mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Assif Am-David Forum
   w01c_Indef mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Assif Am-David Forum
   w02a_Def mass Ns in O position: can be bare No Assif Am-David Forum
   w02b_Def mass Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Assif Am-David Forum
   w02c_Def mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Assif Am-David Forum
   w03a_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Assif Am-David Forum
   w03b_Indef sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No Assif Am-David Forum
   w03c_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Assif Am-David Forum
   w03d_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have a plural reading No Assif Am-David Forum
   w04a_Def sing count Ns in O position: can be bare No Assif Am-David Forum
   w04b_Def sing count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Assif Am-David Forum
   w04c_Def sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Assif Am-David Forum
   w05a_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Assif Am-David Forum
   w05b_Indef pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Assif Am-David Forum
   w05c_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Assif Am-David Forum
   w06a_Def pl count Ns in O position: can be bare No Assif Am-David Forum
   w06b_Def pl count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Assif Am-David Forum
   w06c_Def pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Assif Am-David Forum