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Kashaya

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: kju
  latlong: 39.786708,-123.52478  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes John Gluckman Forum
  Words: hayu cahno-inna
  Gloss: dog bark-AUR.EVID
  Translation: (I heard) the dog bark
  Comment: Most examples are taken from Robert Oswalt's dissertation "A Kashaya Grammar" (1961). Some examples are culled from the fieldnotes of Gene Buckley (UPenn) and John Gluckman (UCLA). Morpheme breakdowns and forms follow the analysis given in Buckley (1994). The glosses are given in the standard orthography, where /·/ represents a long vowel; /c/ is a palatal affricate; /ṭ/ is an alveo-palatal stop. In the glosses "VB" is a neutral term for a verbal suffix otherwise. In the Americanist tradition, this is t
  Contributor: John Gluckman
   02_Verb Subject Yes John Gluckman Forum
   03_Verb Object Yes John Gluckman Forum
   04_Object Verb Yes John Gluckman Forum
+ 05_Subject Verb Object Yes John Gluckman Forum
  Words: Gene nisad-hqa-w-e· ké·su
  Gloss: G hate-caus-vb-nfv cheese
  Translation: Gene hates cheese
  Contributor: John Gluckman
   06_Subject Object Verb Yes John Gluckman Forum
   07_Verb Subject Object Yes John Gluckman Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject No John Gluckman Forum
   09_Object Subject Verb Yes John Gluckman Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject Yes John Gluckman Forum
   11_Adposition Noun_Phrase No John Gluckman Forum
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition Yes John Gluckman Forum
   13_Adjective Noun No John Gluckman Forum
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes John Gluckman Forum
  Words: šahku sʼíʔku
  Gloss: leg skinny
  Translation: skinny leg
  Contributor: John Gluckman
+ 15_Numeral Noun Yes John Gluckman Forum
  Words: ku tupu·lu
  Gloss: one axe
  Translation: one axe
  Comment: This is ordering is rare
  Contributor: John Gluckman
   16_Noun Numeral Yes John Gluckman Forum
+ 17_Demonstrative Noun Yes John Gluckman Forum
  Words: haʔu híʔbaya
  Gloss: that man
  Translation: that man
  Contributor: John Gluckman
   18_Noun Demonstrative No John Gluckman Forum
   19_Possessor Noun Yes John Gluckman Forum
   20_Noun Possessor No John Gluckman Forum
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun Yes John Gluckman Forum
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor No John Gluckman Forum
   A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement No John Gluckman Forum
   A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement No John Gluckman Forum
   A 03_Degree Adjective Yes John Gluckman Forum
   A 04_Adjective Degree No John Gluckman Forum
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection NA John Gluckman Forum
   C 01_Complementizer Clause NA John Gluckman Forum
   C 02_Clause Complementizer NA John Gluckman Forum
   C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause NA John Gluckman Forum
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator NA John Gluckman Forum
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb No John Gluckman Forum
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb Yes John Gluckman Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No John Gluckman Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix Yes John Gluckman Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No John Gluckman Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No John Gluckman Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No John Gluckman Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No John Gluckman Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No John Gluckman Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No John Gluckman Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No John Gluckman Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No John Gluckman Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence Yes John Gluckman Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No John Gluckman Forum
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No John Gluckman Forum
   Q02_Final polar Q-marker Yes John Gluckman Forum
   Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker No John Gluckman Forum
   Q04_Polar question by intonation Yes John Gluckman Forum
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting No John Gluckman Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting NA John Gluckman Forum
   Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes John Gluckman Forum
   Q09_Affirmative answer by verb No John Gluckman Forum
   Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary NA John Gluckman Forum
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb No John Gluckman Forum
   Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb No John Gluckman Forum
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No John Gluckman Forum
   Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle Yes John Gluckman Forum
   Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation No John Gluckman Forum
   Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb No John Gluckman Forum
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No John Gluckman Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No John Gluckman Forum
   w01a_Indef mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes John Gluckman Forum
   w01b_Indef mass Ns in O position: must have an article No John Gluckman Forum
   w01c_Indef mass Ns in O position: can have an article No John Gluckman Forum
   w02a_Def mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes John Gluckman Forum
   w03a_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes John Gluckman Forum
   w03b_Indef sing count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes John Gluckman Forum
   w03c_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No John Gluckman Forum
   w04a_Def sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes John Gluckman Forum
   w04b_Def sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No John Gluckman Forum
   w04c_Def sing count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes John Gluckman Forum
   w05a_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes John Gluckman Forum
   w06b_Def pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No John Gluckman Forum
   w06c_Def pl count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes John Gluckman Forum