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Kuot

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: kto
  latlong: -3.07,+151.5  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb No Eva Lindström Subject (or object or an adverbial) can be fronted, but the unmarked order is VSO Forum
  Words: I-sik mikana lə təle u-me ubi.
  Gloss: 3M-DEM man RELR NEG 3M.SBJ-HAB work
  Translation: That man didn't use to work.
  Comment: Basic word order is VSO but subject (or object or adverbial) can be fronted, marked by the relator, lə.
  Contributor: Eva Lindström
  Comment: same as the existential negator (karuk)
  Contributor: Eva Lindström
+ 02_Verb Subject Yes Eva Lindström Forum
  Words: O-ikat-oŋ Adam muabari aŋ.
  Gloss: 3F.OBJ-check-3M.SBJ Adam sun/clock 3M.POSS.3S
  Translation: Adam checked his watch.
  Contributor: Eva Lindström
   03_Verb Object Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   04_Object Verb No Eva Lindström Object (or subject or an adverbial) can be fronted, but the unmarked order is VSO Forum
   05_Subject Verb Object No Eva Lindström Subject (or object or an adverbial) can be fronted, but the unmarked order is VSO Forum
   06_Subject Object Verb No Eva Lindström Subject or object (or an adverbial) can be fronted but not both Forum
   07_Verb Subject Object Yes Eva Lindström VSO is the unmarked word order Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject No Eva Lindström Forum
   09_Object Subject Verb No Eva Lindström Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No Eva Lindström Forum
   11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition No Eva Lindström Forum
   13_Adjective Noun Yes Eva Lindström marginal, only one adjective can occur here: tətak 'little' Forum
   14_Noun Adjective Yes Eva Lindström Adjectives are primarily predicates; for attributive use an attributive construction is used which can also contain other material Forum
   15_Numeral Noun Yes Eva Lindström This is the unmarked order Forum
   16_Noun Numeral Yes Eva Lindström Limited: can be used with 'one' and 'two' and with ordinals (esp in names for days and months) Forum
   17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   18_Noun Demonstrative No Eva Lindström Forum
   19_Possessor Noun No Eva Lindström Forum
   20_Noun Possessor Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun Yes Eva Lindström rare but universally accepted Forum
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   A 03_Degree Adjective Yes Eva Lindström e.g. with mitərə 'very' Forum
   A 04_Adjective Degree Yes Eva Lindström e.g. with məset 'well, very' Forum
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection NA Eva Lindström Forum
   C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No Eva Lindström Forum
   C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Eva Lindström Forum
   Extra Examples No Eva Lindström Forum
   N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) No Eva Lindström Forum
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) No Eva Lindström Forum
   N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article NA Eva Lindström Forum
   N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative No Eva Lindström Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No Eva Lindström Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Eva Lindström Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Eva Lindström Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Eva Lindström Forum
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No Eva Lindström Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Eva Lindström Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Eva Lindström Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No Eva Lindström Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Eva Lindström Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Eva Lindström Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Eva Lindström Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Eva Lindström Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Eva Lindström Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No Eva Lindström Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No Eva Lindström Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative No Eva Lindström Forum
   Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective No Eva Lindström Forum
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Eva Lindström Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No Eva Lindström Forum
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative No Eva Lindström Forum
   Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral No Eva Lindström Forum
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No Eva Lindström Forum
   Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative No Eva Lindström Forum
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No Eva Lindström Forum
   Q02_Final polar Q-marker No Eva Lindström Forum
   Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker No Eva Lindström Forum
   Q04_Polar question by intonation Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting No Eva Lindström Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting No Eva Lindström Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No Eva Lindström Forum
   Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   Q09_Affirmative answer by verb Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary No Eva Lindström Forum
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' NA Eva Lindström Forum
   Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question No Eva Lindström Forum
   Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question No Eva Lindström Forum
   Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation No Eva Lindström Forum
   Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   Q19ANegQ_Truth-based confirmation Yes Eva Lindström Forum
   Q20ANegQ_Polarity-based confirmation No Eva Lindström Forum
   Q21ANegQ_Polarity-reversing particle No Eva Lindström Forum
   Q22ANegQ_Polarity-reversing answer by affirmative and special particle No Eva Lindström Forum
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No Eva Lindström Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No Eva Lindström Forum