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Latin

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: lat
  latlong: 41.54,12.30  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Amor crescit
  Gloss: love grow.3SG.PRS
  Translation: Love grows
  Comment: Cicero (Catil. 2,1)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
  Contributor: Chiara Gianollo
+ 02_Verb Subject Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: animadvertit Trimalchio
  Gloss: notice.PRF.3SG T.NOM
  Translation: Trimalchio noticed
  Comment: Petron (34,2). See Baldi and Cuzzolin (2009: 280ss). VS order in Latin seems to be pragmatically related.
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 03_Verb Object Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: novi aedis nostras
  Gloss: know.PRF.1SG houses.ACC.PL our.F.ACC.PL
  Translation: I knew our house(s)
  Comment: Plaut. ( Amph. 1, 448)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 04_Object Verb Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Arma virumque cano
  Gloss: weapon.ACC.PL.N man.ACC.SG sing.PRS.1SG
  Translation: I sing (of) arms and (of) a man
  Comment: Virg (Aen. 1,1)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 05_Subject Verb Object Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: At ego amo hanc
  Gloss: and I.NOM love.PRS.1SG this.F.ACC.SG
  Translation: And I love this one
  Comment:  Plautus (Poen.313)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 06_Subject Object Verb Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Caesar exercitum reduxit
  Gloss: C. army.ACC lead.back.3SG.PRF
  Translation: Caesar led back the army
  Comment: Caesar (BG 3.29)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 07_Verb Subject Object Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Interfeci-it Opimius Gracchum
  Gloss: Kill.3SG.PRF O.NOM Gracchus.ACC
  Translation: Opimius killed Gracchum
  Comment: Cic. (de Or. 2.132)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 08_Verb Object Subject Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Vicit pudorem libido
  Gloss: defeat.3SG.PRF shame.ACC lust.NOM
  Translation: Lust defeated modesty
  Comment: Cic. (Clu. 15)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 09_Object Subject Verb Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Senatum consules vocant
  Gloss: senate.ACC consuls.NOM.PL call.3PL.PRS
  Translation: The consuls convoked the senate
  Comment: Livy 3.30.3
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 10_Object Verb Subject Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Lecticam sequuntur armati
  Gloss: litter.ACC follow.3PL.PRS armed.NOM.PL
  Translation: Armed men follow the litter
  Comment: Q. Curt. (Hist. 8.9.24)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: ad verbum
  Gloss: to word.ACC
  Translation: to the word/literally
  Comment: Cic. (de Orat. 1, 157)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 12_Noun_Phrase Adposition Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Invidiae detestandae gratia
  Gloss: hatred.GEN deprecate.GERUNDIVE.GEN because
  Translation: for the sake/because/in order to deprecate hatred
  Comment: Cic. (nat. deor. 1,123). There are only 5 postpositions in Latin. They are of very restricted use, with the exception of 'gratia' and 'causa'. See Menge (2005: 291ss )
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 13_Adjective Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: magnae suspiciones
  Gloss: great.NOM.PL suspicion.NOM.PL
  Translation: great suspicions
  Comment: Cic. (att. 11,16,1)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: pax stabilis
  Gloss: peace.NOM stable/long.lasting.NOM
  Translation: long lasting peace
  Comment: Cic. (Phil. 13,2)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 15_Numeral Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Octo anni duplicis inprudentiae
  Gloss: Eight.NOM years.NOM double.GEN crime.GEN
  Translation: Eight years of a double crime
  Comment: Quint. (Decl.248.t.1)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   16_Noun Numeral Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ 17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Hic locus tam inauditus
  Gloss: this.M.NOM place very unusual
  Translation: This very unusual place
  Comment: Cic. de orat. 2, 125
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   18_Noun Demonstrative Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   19_Possessor Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   20_Noun Possessor Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   A 03_Degree Adjective Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   A 04_Adjective Degree Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Extra Examples No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: unus homo
  Gloss: one.NOM.M man.NOM.SG
  Translation: one man
  Comment: Serv.A.9.780.1
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi It would require a demonstrative for definite Forum
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: illa superiore tristitia sermonis
  Gloss: that superior sadness speech.GEN
  Translation: That superior sadness of speech
  Comment: Cic. de orat. 1, 27
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: omnia ista beneficia
  Gloss: all.NOM.PL these.NOM.PL benefits.NOM.PL
  Translation: all these benefits
  Comment: SenPhil.Ben.4.12.5.2
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Is unus leo corporis impetu
  Gloss: this.DEM one.NOM.M.SG lion NOM.M.SG body.GEN impetus.ABL.SG
  Translation: This one lion with (moved by) a corporal impetus...
  Comment: AulGel.NA.5.14.9.1
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: isti libri duo Philonis
  Gloss: this.PL book.PL two Philo.GEN
  Translation: these two books of Philo
  Comment: Cic. ac. 2,11
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Duo illa bona superiora diversa sunt
  Gloss: two.NOM.PL these.NOM.PL good.NOM.PL higher.order.NOM.PL are.PRS.PL
  Translation: These two kinds of goods which are of a higher order are different
  Comment: SenPhil.Ep.66.37.1
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q02_Final polar Q-marker No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Vides-ne me etiam iocari
  Gloss: see.2SG.Q I.ACC also play.DEPONENT
  Translation: Do you see me playing too?
  Comment: Cic. Att. 7,17,1
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Q04_Polar question by intonation No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q08_Affirmative answer by particle No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ Q09_Affirmative answer by verb Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: non audis quae hic loquitur? Audio!
  Gloss: not listen.PRS.2.SG what.N here.ADV speak.PRS.1.SG ? I listen.PRS.1SG
  Translation: Do you not listen to what I am saying? I do (hear)!
  Comment: Plaut.Pseud I, 3 (230)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: venitne homo ad te? Non!
  Gloss: come.PRS.3.SG+.Q man.NOM.SG to.PRP you.ACC.SG? No
  Translation: Is the man not coming to you? No!
  Comment: Plaut.PSeud 4,6 (1068)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q19ANegQ_Truth-based confirmation NA Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q21ANegQ_Polarity-reversing particle No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q22ANegQ_Polarity-reversing answer by affirmative and special particle No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w01a_Indef mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w01b_Indef mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w01c_Indef mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w02a_Def mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w02b_Def mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w02c_Def mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w03a_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w03b_Indef sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w03c_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w03d_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have a plural reading No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w04a_Def sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w04b_Def sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w04c_Def sing count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w05a_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w05b_Indef pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w05c_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w06a_Def pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w06b_Def pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w06c_Def pl count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w07_a: Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w07_b Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w07_c Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w07_d Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position must have a 'special article' No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w08a Proper names in object position can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w08b Proper names in object position must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w08c Proper names in object position can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w08d Proper names in object position must have a "special" article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w09a Order Art-PN in object position No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w09b Order PN-Art in object position No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w10a Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w10b Proper names modified by an adjective in object position must have an article in object position No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w10c Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ w11a Order A--PN in object position Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: avi proavique (...) divum Iulium apud Alesiam obsederint
  Gloss: gf.NOM.PL ggf.NOM.PL (...) divine.ACC.SG Iulium.ACC.PL at Alessia besieged
  Translation: grandfathers and great-grandfathers (...) besieged the divine Julius at Alessia (Tac.Ann.11.23.16)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   w12b Order Noun–Definite Article with mass nouns in object position No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w12c Order Definite Article–Noun with singular count nouns in object position No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w12d Order Noun-Definite Article with singular count nouns in object position No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w12e Order Definite Article–Noun with plural nouns in object position No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w12f Order Noun–Definite Article with plural nouns in object position No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w20a Singular count nouns in vocative phrases can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w20b Singular count nouns in vocative phrases must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w20c Singular count nouns in vocative phrases can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   W20d Singular count nouns in vocative phrases must have a special vocative marker No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w20e Singular count nouns in vocative phrases can have a special vocative marker No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi I Forum
   w21a Proper names in vocative phrases can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w21b Proper names in vocative phrases must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w21c Proper names in vocative phrases can have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w21d Proper names in vocative phrases must have a special vocative marker Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Case morphology if singular -o stem. Forum
   w21e Proper names in vocative phrases can have a special vocative marker Not Yet Set Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w22a Plural (count) nouns in vocative phrases can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w22b Plural (count) nouns in vocative phrases must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w22c Plural (count) nouns in vocative phrases can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w22d Plural (count) nuns in vocative phrases must have a special vocative marker No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum