Login

Nahuatl (Classical)

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: nci
  latlong: 19.382755,-99.029388  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
   01_Subject Verb Yes John Garcia Forum
   02_Verb Subject Yes John Garcia Forum
   03_Verb Object Yes John Garcia Forum
+ 04_Object Verb Yes John Garcia Forum
  Words: tlaxcal-chihua
  Gloss: tortilla-make
  Translation: he/she makes tortillas
  Comment: The case of noun incorporation is from:Carochi, Horacio. Compendio del arte de la lengua Mexicana. 1759.
  Contributor: John Garcia
  Words: yn corona o=qui-huica-c yn regidor
  Gloss: the corona past=it-take-PAST the regidor
  Translation: The regidor [don alonso diaz] carried the crown
  Comment: Found in a neutral context in: Townsend, Camilla. Here in This Year: Seventeenth-century Nahuatl Annals of the Tlaxcala-Puebla Valley. Stanford, CA: Stanford UP, 2010. Print. (page 108)
  Contributor: John Garcia
   05_Subject Verb Object Yes John Garcia Forum
   06_Subject Object Verb Not Yet Set John Garcia I've yet to find examples of this one, but I would not be surprised if one came up. Forum
   07_Verb Subject Object Yes John Garcia Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject Yes John Garcia Forum
+ 09_Object Subject Verb No John Garcia Forum
  Comment: No examples found.
  Contributor: John Garcia
   10_Object Verb Subject Yes John Garcia Forum
   11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes John Garcia Forum
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition Yes John Garcia Forum
   13_Adjective Noun Yes John Garcia Forum
   14_Noun Adjective Yes John Garcia Forum
   15_Numeral Noun Yes John Garcia Forum
   16_Noun Numeral No John Garcia Forum
   17_Demonstrative Noun Yes John Garcia Forum
+ 18_Noun Demonstrative Yes John Garcia Forum
  Words: Cochi in piltzintli in.
  Gloss: sleep the boy this
  Translation: this boy sleeps
  Comment: There appears to be a part that precedes and a part that follows the noun /piltzintli/ 'boy'. Thus, this case only appears when both particles work together.
  Contributor: John Garcia
   19_Possessor Noun Yes John Garcia Forum
   20_Noun Possessor Yes John Garcia Forum
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun Yes John Garcia Forum
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor No John Garcia Forum
   A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement No John Garcia Forum
   A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement No John Garcia Forum
+ A 03_Degree Adjective Yes John Garcia Forum
  Words: se alfange huel hueyi
  Gloss: one cutlass INT big
  Translation: 'a very large cutlass'
  Comment: example from: Townsend, Camilla. Here in This Year: Seventeenth-century Nahuatl Annals of the Tlaxcala-Puebla Valley. Stanford, CA: Stanford UP, 2010. Print. (pg. 126).
  Contributor: John Garcia
   A 04_Adjective Degree No John Garcia Forum
+ AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection No John Garcia Forum
  Words: o=peuh-qui tlaço-ti tlacual-tzin-tli
  Gloss: PAST=begin-PAST increase-CAUS food-DIM-ABS
  Translation: food began to get more expensive
  Comment: An auxiliary 'opeuhqui' can be used here to form the past tense. Nonetheless this form is /have/ nor /be/ nor do they alternate. I assume this implies this property should be set to 'no.' Example provided by: Townsend, Camilla. Here in This Year: Seventeenth-century Nahuatl Annals of the Tlaxcala-Puebla Valley. Stanford, CA: Stanford UP, 2010. Print.
  Contributor: John Garcia
+ C 01_Complementizer Clause No John Garcia Forum
  Words: Quil in tonacayotl chichipahtic mo-chiuh
  Gloss: (it is said) the food bitter REFL-become.PAST
  Translation: It is said that the food became very bitter’
  Comment: It appears that Classical Nahuatl had no overt complementizers. At least i've yet to spot one. Example from:Andrews, J. Richard. Introduction to Classical Nahuatl. Austin: University of Texas, 1975. Print. (page 298 )
  Contributor: John Garcia
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No John Garcia Forum
   C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes John Garcia Forum
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No John Garcia Forum
   N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes John Garcia Forum
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) No John Garcia Forum
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) Yes John Garcia Forum
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) No John Garcia Forum
   N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article Yes John Garcia Forum
   N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes John Garcia Forum
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative No John Garcia Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No John Garcia Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No John Garcia Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No John Garcia Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No John Garcia Forum
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes John Garcia Forum
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No John Garcia Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix Yes John Garcia Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No John Garcia Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No John Garcia Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No John Garcia Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No John Garcia Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No John Garcia Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No John Garcia Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No John Garcia Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No John Garcia Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No John Garcia Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence No John Garcia Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No John Garcia Forum
   Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun Yes John Garcia Forum
   Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective Yes John Garcia Forum
+ Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative No John Garcia Forum
  Comment: No examples found yet
  Contributor: John Garcia
+ Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective No John Garcia Forum
  Comment: no examples found yet
  Contributor: John Garcia
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun Yes John Garcia Forum
+ Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No John Garcia Forum
  Comment: no examples found yet.
  Contributor: John Garcia
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun Yes John Garcia Forum
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral No John Garcia Forum
   Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative No John Garcia Forum
   Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral No John Garcia Forum
+ Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No John Garcia Forum
  Words: Ce inin teoyelitzin inimeixtintzitzin
  Gloss: One this spiritual-state those three
  Translation: one of these three (in a spiritual state)
  Comment: the example found appears to mean "one of these three." The analysis is unclear.
  Contributor: John Garcia
+ Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative No John Garcia Forum
  Comment: no examples found yet.
  Contributor: John Garcia
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No John Garcia Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No John Garcia Forum