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Nawdm

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: nmz
  latlong: 9.765122,1.114063  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: taŋ.go hɛdege dɔːre tiŋga
  Gloss: stone+CM(go) roll-perf hill+cm(de) down/below+cm(ga)
  Translation: “A stone slid down the hill" (19).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   02_Verb Subject No Hannah Kim Forum
+ 03_Verb Object Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: kpɛleː bɛːn naŋkpaʔe ʔɛnaːʔe
  Gloss: table+cm(de)+spec be+with leg+cm(ga)-pl cm(ga)-pl+four+cm(ga)-pl
  Translation: “The table has four legs” (16).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   04_Object Verb No Hannah Kim Forum
+ 05_Subject Verb Object Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: kpɛleː bɛːn naŋkpaʔe ʔɛnaːʔe
  Gloss: table+cm(de)+spec be+with leg+cm(ga)-pl cm(ga)-pl+four+cm(ga)-pl
  Translation: “The table has four legs" (16).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   06_Subject Object Verb No Hannah Kim Forum
   07_Verb Subject Object No Hannah Kim Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject No Hannah Kim Forum
   09_Object Subject Verb No Hannah Kim Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No Hannah Kim Forum
+ 11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: k͡͡pɛ̀lé ɛ̀n náŋk͡pàʔé ʔènàːʔé
  Gloss: table with leg-cl(pl) cl-four-cl
  Translation: 'a table with four legs' (MB2/19 6).
  Comment: The only candidate for adposition here is En. All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition Yes Hannah Kim Forum
+ 13_Adjective Noun No Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: bɛ̀ːrè bóbɔ̀g bá
  Gloss: girls tall CM.PL
  Translation: ‘tall girls’ (9).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
  Words: *bóbɔ̀g bɛ̀ːrè bá
  Gloss: *Tall girls CM
  Translation: *tall girls
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: bà bí-gá
  Gloss: dog small-cm(ga)
  Translation: "small dog" (25).
  Comment: Adjectives in Nawdm follow the noun stem, but precede the noun class marker, as seen by the class marker "gá" which follows 'dog' "bí". All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
  Words: dʒɛ́d bóbɔ̀k hɔ̂ːn dé
  Gloss: chair tall black de
  Translation: 'a tall black chair' (3 CN527).
  Comment: Strings of more than two adjectives seem to be disallowed, the reason for which is not clear. When more than one adjective modifies a noun, the adjectives occur in the English order, rather than reversed. All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   15_Numeral Noun No Hannah Kim Forum
+ 16_Noun Numeral Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: tìːné ʔére
  Gloss: tree+cm(be)-pl cm(be)-pl+two+cm(ga)-pl
  Translation: "two trees" (7).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
  Words: bá hɔ́lə̀ té tèréʔétěː
  Gloss: dog black cl cl-two-cl
  Translation: 'the two black dogs' (TS2/17 T2R7C2).
  Comment: When nouns are numbered, the numeral appears after the noun, the adjective(s) and the class marker, but before the specifity lengthening: the class marker shows up in the normal position after the N and adjective(s) and in the numeral (twice) tèréʔétěː before the specificity lenghthening. Nawdm has N Adj Num order. All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
+ 17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: làʔà bí.gàː
  Gloss: that child+cm(ga)+spec
  Translation: 'that child (over there)' (9).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
+ 18_Noun Demonstrative Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: bí.gàn kànáʔ
  Gloss: child+cm(ga)+n-dem cm(ga)+this
  Translation: 'this child' (9)
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
+ 19_Possessor Noun Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: báːgáː hâːrěː
  Gloss: dog-spec house-spec
  Translation: 'the house of the dog' (10).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   20_Noun Possessor No Hannah Kim Forum
+ 21_Pronominal Possessor Noun Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: mà bàːgá
  Gloss: my dog-cl
  Translation: 'my dog' (8).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor No Hannah Kim Forum
+ A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement No Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: bɛ̀ːrè bóbɔ̀g-bá
  Gloss: girls tall-CM
  Translation: ‘tall girls’(9).
  Comment: the adjective itself is not agreeing in class; the plural noun class marker follows the adjectives, i.e. nouns must always carry a noun class regardless of whether there is an adjective or not. All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   A 03_Degree Adjective No Hannah Kim Forum
+ A 04_Adjective Degree Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: dgì Nàː lə gó
  Gloss: soup water little CM
  Translation: 'watery soup' (13).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
  Words: déːté bɛ̀ jáːrə̀m hálè
  Gloss: food be salt very
  Translation: 'The food is very salty' (13).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
+ C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: mà díːlá ná sámbà də̀ra dèːté
  Gloss: I think-impf that Samba eat-perf food+cm(te)
  Translation: 'I think that Samba has eaten food' (17).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No Hannah Kim Forum
+ C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: à dɛ̀ bɛ̀ lógé lé sǎʔ ná á dé déːté
  Gloss: he de-pasy not-perf take-perf it beofre that he eat-perf food+cm(te)
  Translation: 'he didn't take it before he ate food' (28).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Hannah Kim Forum
   N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) No Hannah Kim Forum
+ N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: bɛ̀ːrè bóbɔ̀g bá bèːré?èbá hɔ́l bèː bá
  Gloss: girls tall CM CM-two-CM black some CM
  Translation: "two tall black girls" (10).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) No Hannah Kim Forum
+ N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: kɔ̀fín(e) ʔèré tèndɛ́ bòlːé ěː bɛ́ tàːmán.
  Gloss: village+cm(ga)-pl cm(ga)-pl+two+cm(ga)-pl we+n-rel+de-past burn-perf it(ga)-pl+spec be close
  Translation: The two villages we burned are close (39).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article Yes Hannah Kim Forum
+ N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: làʔà bà hɔ́lə̀ té tèréʔétéː
  Gloss: that dog black cl-pl cl-two-cl
  Translation: 'those two black dogs' (6).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
+ Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: à bɛ̀ tógə́dá búrúgù
  Gloss: he not attach-perf goat+cm(go)
  Translation: ‘he has not attached a goat’ (46).
  Comment: special form for negation in perfective (low tone); it looks like the copula bE, and resembles do-support a bit. (it precedes the verb with perfective suffix, but the suffix is slightly different. All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No Hannah Kim Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Hannah Kim Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Hannah Kim Forum
+ Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: à bɛ̀ tógə́dá búrúgù
  Gloss: he not-perf attach-perf goat+cm(go)
  Translation: ‘he has not attached a goat’ (46).
  Comment: The negation particle is given a tense, thus behaving like an auxiliary verb. All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Hannah Kim Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Hannah Kim Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Hannah Kim Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Hannah Kim Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity Yes Hannah Kim Forum
   Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun No Hannah Kim Forum
+ Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: làʔà bà hɔ́lə̀ té tèréʔétéː
  Gloss: that dog black cl-pl cl-two-cl
  Translation: 'those two black (big) dogs' (6).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
+ Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: bà hɔ́ːlə̀ té tèréʔètèn tènté
  Gloss: dog black cl-pl cl-two-cl-n cl-this-cl
  Translation: 'these two black (big) dogs' (6).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective No Hannah Kim Forum
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Hannah Kim Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No Hannah Kim Forum
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun No Hannah Kim Forum
+ Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: àʔà bà hɔ́lə̀ té tèréʔétéː
  Gloss: that dog black cl-pl cl-two-cl
  Translation: 'those two black (big) dogs' (6).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
+ Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative Yes Hannah Kim Forum
  Words: bà hɔ́ːlə̀ té tèréʔètèn tènté
  Gloss: dog black cl-pl cl-two-cl-n cl-this-cl
  Translation: 'these two black (big) dogs' (6).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral No Hannah Kim Forum
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No Hannah Kim Forum
   Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative No Hannah Kim Forum
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No Hannah Kim Forum
   Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker No Hannah Kim Forum
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting No Hannah Kim Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting No Hannah Kim Forum