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Norwegian

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: nor
  latlong: 60,10  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
   01_Subject Verb Yes Marit Julien Forum
   02_Verb Subject No Marit Julien Forum
   03_Verb Object Yes Marit Julien Forum
   04_Object Verb No Marit Julien Forum
   05_Subject Verb Object Yes Marit Julien Forum
   06_Subject Object Verb No Marit Julien Forum
   07_Verb Subject Object No Marit Julien Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject No Marit Julien Forum
   09_Object Subject Verb No Marit Julien Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No Marit Julien Forum
   11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Marit Julien Forum
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition Yes Marit Julien Forum
   13_Adjective Noun Yes Marit Julien Forum
   14_Noun Adjective No Marit Julien Forum
   15_Numeral Noun Yes Marit Julien Forum
   16_Noun Numeral No Marit Julien Forum
   17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Marit Julien Forum
   18_Noun Demonstrative No Marit Julien Forum
   19_Possessor Noun Yes Marit Julien Forum
   20_Noun Possessor Yes Marit Julien Forum
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun Yes Marit Julien Forum
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes Marit Julien Forum
   A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Marit Julien Forum
   A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes Marit Julien Forum
   A 03_Degree Adjective Yes Marit Julien Forum
   A 04_Adjective Degree Yes Marit Julien Forum
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection Yes Marit Julien There is dialectal variation in Norwegian with respect to this property. In most spoken varieties, participles of unaccusative verbs can combine with BE or HAVE in the perfect. See Christensen, Kirsti Koch & Tarald Taraldsen (1989): "Expletive chain formation and past participle agreement in Scandinavian dialects." In Paola Benincá (ed.) Dialect Variation and the Theory of Grammar, pp. 53-84. Foris, Dordrecht. However, some dialects in the southeast of Norway only use the auxiliary HAVE in active eventive perfect constructions. Forum
   C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Marit Julien Forum
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No Marit Julien Forum
   C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Marit Julien Forum
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Marit Julien Forum
   Extra Examples No Hilda Koopman Forum
   N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes Marit Julien Forum
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) No Marit Julien Forum
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) Yes Marit Julien Forum
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) No Marit Julien Forum
   N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article Yes Marit Julien Forum
   N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Marit Julien Forum
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative No Marit Julien Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No Marit Julien Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Marit Julien Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Marit Julien Forum
+ N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts Yes Marit Julien The noun has a suffix marking definiteness. Forum
  Words: de tre student-e-ne
  Gloss: the three student-pl-def
  Translation: 'the three students'
  Comment: example provided by Marit Julien
  Contributor: Hilda Koopman
  Words: disse tre student-e-ne
  Gloss: these three student-pl-def
  Translation: 'these three students'
  Comment: example provided by Marit Julien
  Contributor: Hilda Koopman
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Marit Julien Forum
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb Yes Marit Julien Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Marit Julien Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Marit Julien Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No Marit Julien Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Marit Julien Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Marit Julien Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Marit Julien Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Marit Julien Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Marit Julien Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No Marit Julien Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No Marit Julien Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence No Marit Julien Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No Marit Julien Forum
   Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun Yes Marit Julien Forum
   Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective No Marit Julien Forum
   Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative No Marit Julien Forum
   Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective No Marit Julien Forum
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Marit Julien Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No Marit Julien Forum
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun Yes Marit Julien Forum
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral No Marit Julien Forum
   Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative No Marit Julien Forum
   Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral No Marit Julien Forum
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No Marit Julien Forum
   Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative No Marit Julien Forum
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No Marit Julien Forum
   Q02_Final polar Q-marker No Marit Julien Forum
   Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker No Marit Julien Forum
   Q04_Polar question by intonation No Marit Julien Forum
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting Yes Marit Julien Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting Yes Marit Julien Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No Marit Julien Forum
   Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes Marit Julien Forum
   Q09_Affirmative answer by verb No Marit Julien Forum
   Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary No Marit Julien Forum
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb No Marit Julien Forum
   Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb No Marit Julien Forum
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No Marit Julien Forum
   Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question No Marit Julien Forum
   Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question No Marit Julien Forum
   Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle Yes Marit Julien Forum
   Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation No Marit Julien Forum
   Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb No Marit Julien Forum
   Q19ANegQ_Truth-based confirmation No Marit Julien Forum
   Q20ANegQ_Polarity-based confirmation Yes Marit Julien Forum
   Q21ANegQ_Polarity-reversing particle Yes Marit Julien Forum
   Q22ANegQ_Polarity-reversing answer by affirmative and special particle No Marit Julien Forum
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second Yes Marit Julien Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second Yes Marit Julien Forum
+ w01a_Indef mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Marit Julien Forum
  Words: De drikk-er vann
  Gloss: they drink-pres water
  Translation: They drink water
  Contributor: Marit Julien
   w01b_Indef mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Marit Julien Forum
   w01c_Indef mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Marit Julien Forum
   w02a_Def mass Ns in O position: can be bare No Marit Julien Forum
+ w02b_Def mass Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Marit Julien Forum
  Words: Sett mjølk-a i kjøleskap-et!
  Gloss: put milk-def in fridge-def
  Translation: Put the milk in the fridge!
  Contributor: Marit Julien
   w02c_Def mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Marit Julien Forum
+ w03a_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Marit Julien Forum
  Words: I går kjøp-te jeg sykkel
  Gloss: yesterday buy-past I bike
  Translation: Yesterday I bought a bike
  Comment: Bare indefinite singular count nouns get a type reading
  Contributor: Marit Julien
   w03b_Indef sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No Marit Julien Forum
+ w03c_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Marit Julien Forum
  Words: I går kjøpte jeg en sykkel
  Gloss: yesterday buy-past I bike
  Translation: Yesterday I bought a bike
  Comment: Indefinite singular count nouns with articles can have a specific reading.
  Contributor: Marit Julien
   w03d_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have a plural reading No Marit Julien Forum
   w04a_Def sing count Ns in O position: can be bare No Marit Julien Forum
+ w04b_Def sing count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Marit Julien Forum
  Words: Jeg så hund-en
  Gloss: I saw dog-def
  Translation: I saw the dog
  Contributor: Marit Julien
   w04c_Def sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Marit Julien Forum
+ w05a_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Marit Julien Forum
  Words: I går kjøp-te jeg bøk-er
  Gloss: yesterday buy-past I book-pl
  Translation: Yesterday I bought books'
  Contributor: Marit Julien
   w05b_Indef pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Marit Julien Forum
   w05c_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Marit Julien Forum
   w06a_Def pl count Ns in O position: can be bare No Marit Julien Forum
+ w06b_Def pl count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Marit Julien Forum
  Words: Jeg kjøp-te bøk-ene
  Gloss: I buy-past book-def.pl
  Translation: I bought the books
  Contributor: Marit Julien
   w06c_Def pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Marit Julien Forum