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Old English

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: ang
  latlong: 50.69,-3.54  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
   01_Subject Verb Yes Steve Seegmiller Forum
   02_Verb Subject No Steve Seegmiller Forum
   03_Verb Object Yes Steve Seegmiller Forum
   04_Object Verb Yes Steve Seegmiller Forum
   05_Subject Verb Object Yes Steve Seegmiller Forum
   06_Subject Object Verb Yes Steve Seegmiller Forum
   07_Verb Subject Object No Steve Seegmiller Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject No Steve Seegmiller Forum
   09_Object Subject Verb No Steve Seegmiller Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No Steve Seegmiller Forum
+ 11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Willem Koopman Forum
  Comment: this is the standard order
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
+ 12_Noun_Phrase Adposition Yes Willem Koopman Forum
  Words: thaer hi com him to
  Gloss: there they came him to
  Translation: "there they came to him"
  Comment: this occurs after 'her'and 'thaer'and often with personal pronouns
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
   13_Adjective Noun Yes Steve Seegmiller Forum
   14_Noun Adjective Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   15_Numeral Noun Yes Steve Seegmiller Forum
+ 16_Noun Numeral Yes Willem Koopman Forum
  Words: his geferan twegen
  Gloss: his companions two
  Translation: his two companions
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
   17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Steve Seegmiller Forum
   18_Noun Demonstrative No Willem Koopman Forum
   19_Possessor Noun Yes Steve Seegmiller Forum
+ 20_Noun Possessor Yes Willem Koopman Forum
  Words: sumne dael thaes felles
  Gloss: some ACC-M part ACC-M of-the GEN-SG skin GEN-SG
  Translation: "some part of the skin"
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
+ 21_Pronominal Possessor Noun Yes Willem Koopman Forum
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
  Words: hyre frumcennedan sunu
  Gloss: her firstborn ACC son ACC
  Translation: "her firstborn son"
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
  Words: his discipuli
  Translation: "his disciples"
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
+ 22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes Willem Koopman Forum
  Words: sunu min
  Gloss: son VOC my VOC
  Translation: "my son"
  Comment: this order is only really found in the vocative
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
+ A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Willem Koopman Forum
  Words: se aelmihtiga haelend
  Gloss: the M-SG-NOM almighty M-SG-NOM Christ M-SG-NOM
  Translation: "The almighty Christ"
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
+ A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes Steve Seegmiller Forum
  Words: God hi gesceop ealle gode
  Gloss: God them ACC-PL created all ACC-PL good ACC-PL
  Translation: "God created all of them good
  Comment: In predicative use the adjective is not always declined
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
+ A 03_Degree Adjective Yes Willem Koopman Forum
  Words: swa earme wif
  Gloss: so poor woman
  Translation: "so poor a woman"
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
+ A 04_Adjective Degree Yes Willem Koopman Forum
  Words: synne genoh
  Gloss: sins enough
  Translation: "enough sins"
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Steve Seegmiller Forum
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No Willem Koopman Forum
   C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Willem Koopman Forum
   Extra Examples NA Willem Koopman Forum
+ N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes Willem Koopman Forum
  Comment: Examples with numerals are hard to find in existential contexts but it seems reasonable to set this to yes
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) No Willem Koopman there are examples in poetry (e.g. ymb wucan thriddan 'over weeks three', but examples in prose are dubious Forum
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) No Willem Koopman instances in the prose are dubious Forum
+ N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article Yes Willem Koopman Forum
  Comment: Old English makes no distinction between definite article and demonstrative: se, thaet, seo (inflected for number, case and gender) can be translated as the definite article or as the demonstrative 'that'.
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
+ N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Willem Koopman Forum
  Comment: Old English makes no distinction between definite article and demonstrative: se.thaet, seo (inflected for number, case and gender) can be translated as the definite article or the demonstrative pronoun 'that'.
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative No Willem Koopman Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No Willem Koopman Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Willem Koopman Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Willem Koopman Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Willem Koopman Forum
+ Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Willem Koopman Forum
  Comment: contraction often before verbs beginning with a vowel, h or w: ne waes -> naes (was not), ne is -> nis (is not), ne haebbe -> naebbe (had not)
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No Willem Koopman Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Willem Koopman Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Willem Koopman Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No Willem Koopman Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Willem Koopman Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Willem Koopman Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Willem Koopman Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Willem Koopman Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Willem Koopman Forum
+ Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property Yes Willem Koopman Forum
  Comment: words other than finite verbs are regularly negated by na/no. With finite verbs this is very rare, ne is used instead.
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No Willem Koopman Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence No Willem Koopman Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No Willem Koopman Forum
+ Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun Yes Steve Seegmiller Forum
  Words: on dhissum andweardan daege
  Gloss: on this DAT present DAT day DAT
  Translation: "on this present day"
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
   Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative No Steve Seegmiller Forum
+ Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective Yes Willem Koopman Forum
  Words: cyle thone grimmestan
  Gloss: cold ACC-M the ACC-M severest ACC-M
  Translation: "the severest cold"
  Comment: occasional examples make me set this to yes
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Steve Seegmiller Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No Willem Koopman Forum
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative No Willem Koopman Forum
   Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral No Willem Koopman Forum
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No Willem Koopman Forum
   Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative No Willem Koopman Forum
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No --- Forum
   Q02_Final polar Q-marker No --- Forum
   Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker No --- Forum
   Q04_Polar question by intonation No --- Forum
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting Yes --- Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting Yes --- Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No --- Forum
   Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes --- Forum
   Q09_Affirmative answer by verb No --- Forum
   Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary No --- Forum
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb No --- Forum
   Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb No --- Forum
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No --- Forum
   Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question No --- Forum
   Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question No --- Forum
   Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation No --- Forum
   Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb No Willem Koopman There are cases of the negative particle combining with a pronominal subject and a verb (ic naes=I not-was) and of the negative particle combining with the personal pronoun (Nic=not I) Forum
   Q19ANegQ_Truth-based confirmation NA Willem Koopman Not sure any examples can be found in the surviving data Forum
   Q20ANegQ_Polarity-based confirmation Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   Q21ANegQ_Polarity-reversing particle Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   Q22ANegQ_Polarity-reversing answer by affirmative and special particle Yes Willem Koopman Forum
+ V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second Yes Willem Koopman Forum
  Comment: personal pronoun subjects generally precede the verb, nominal subjects usually follow, but there also examples where they precede and Verb-Second does not take place.
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   w01a_Indef mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   w01b_Indef mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Willem Koopman Forum
   w01c_Indef mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Cristina Guardiano Forum
   w02a_Def mass Ns in O position: can be bare No Willem Koopman Forum
   w02b_Def mass Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   w02c_Def mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Willem Koopman Forum
   w03a_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   w03b_Indef sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No Willem Koopman Forum
   w03c_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   w03d_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have a plural reading No Willem Koopman Forum
   w04a_Def sing count Ns in O position: can be bare No Willem Koopman Forum
   w04b_Def sing count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   w04c_Def sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Willem Koopman Forum
   w05a_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   w05b_Indef pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Willem Koopman Forum
   w05c_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Cristina Guardiano Forum
   w06a_Def pl count Ns in O position: can be bare No Willem Koopman Forum
   w06b_Def pl count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Willem Koopman Forum
   w06c_Def pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Willem Koopman Forum