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  ISO 639-3 Code: por
  latlong: -23.33,-46.38  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi NB: The name will be changed to Portuguese (Brazilian) once we migrate to Terraling Forum
  Words: Marcos chegou
  Gloss: M. arrive.PST
  Translation: Mark arrived
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 02_Verb Subject Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Sumiu minha carteira
  Gloss: disappear.PST my.F wallet
  Translation: My wallet disappeared
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 03_Verb Object Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Fábio canta a canção
  Gloss: F. sing.3SG.PRS the.F song
  Translation: Fábio sings the song
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   04_Object Verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ 05_Subject Verb Object Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Maria abriu a gaveta
  Gloss: M. open.PST.3SG the.F drawer
  Translation: Maria opened the drawer
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   06_Subject Object Verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   07_Verb Subject Object No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   09_Object Subject Verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ 11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: O prato está sobre a mesa
  Gloss: the plate be.PRS.3SG on the.F table
  Translation: The plate is on the table
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ 13_Adjective Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Uma velha zebra mora na savana
  Gloss: a.F old.F zebra live.3SG.PRS in the.F savanna
  Translation: An old zebra lives in the savanna
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Menino bonito
  Gloss: boy beautiful.M
  Translation: Beautiful boy
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 15_Numeral Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Vi duas moças
  Gloss: see.1SG.PST two.F ladies
  Translation: I saw two ladies
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   16_Noun Numeral No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ 17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Conheciam este prédio
  Gloss: know.3SG.PST this.M.SG building
  Translation: They knew this building
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   18_Noun Demonstrative No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   19_Possessor Noun No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Possible only when possessor is a pronoun. Forum
+ 20_Noun Possessor Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Casa de Paulo / casa do Paulo
  Gloss: house of P. / house of the.M P.
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 21_Pronominal Possessor Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Minha vida
  Gloss: my.F life
  Translation: My life
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ 22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Casa deles
  Gloss: house their
  Translation: Their house
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Campos verdes
  Gloss: field.PL green.PL
  Translation: Green fields
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Os animais são doentes
  Gloss: the.M.PL animal.PL be.3SG.PL sick.PL
  Translation: The animals are sick
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ A 03_Degree Adjective Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: A amarela é mais bonita
  Gloss: the.F yellow.F is more beautiful.F
  Translation: The yellow (one) is more beautiful
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ A 04_Adjective Degree Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Bonito o bastante
  Gloss: beautiful.M the.M.SG enough
  Translation: Beautiful enough
  Comment: Possible only with a couple words.
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Eu disse que João saiu
  Gloss: I said.PRF.3SG that John left.PRF.3SG
  Translation: I said that John left
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Apesar de não confiar em ti, acredito na tua história
  Gloss: although not trust.INF in you.ACC, believe.PRS.1SG in your.F story
  Translation: Although I do not trust you, I believe in your story.
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Extra Examples No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Há quatro pessoas no jardim
  Gloss: there is four persons in.the.M garden
  Translation: There are four persons in the garden
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: As cinco cartas chegaram ontem
  Gloss: the.F.PL five letter.PL arrive.PRF.3PL yesterday
  Translation: The five letters arrived yesterday
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: As tres convidadas partiram
  Gloss: the.F.PL three guest.F.PL depart.PRF.3PL
  Translation: The three guests departed
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Aquelas três convidadas partiram
  Gloss: DEM.F.PL three guest.F.PL depart.PRF.3PL
  Translation: Those three guests departed
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Nós não gostamos de carne
  Gloss: we not like.PRS.1PL (of) meat
  Translation: We do not like meat
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Esta bela menina
  Gloss: DEM.F beautiful.F. girl
  Translation: This beautiful girl
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Este trabalho sujo
  Gloss: DEM.M work durty.M
  Translation: This dirty work
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Aqueles dois rapazes
  Gloss: DEM.M.PL two guy.PL
  Translation: Those two guys
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q02_Final polar Q-marker No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ Q04_Polar question by intonation Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Ele canta. / Ele canta?
  Gloss: he sing.3SG / he sing.3SG
  Translation: He sings. Does he sing?
  Comment: Both sentences are the same, but the question has a different intonation.
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi When it occurs, in some varieties, a positive answer is expected. Therefore not neutral. Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Ela chegou? Sim.
  Gloss: she arrive.PRF.3SG (Q) Yes.
  Translation: Has she arrived? Yes.
  Comment: Question mark is change in tone.
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Q09_Affirmative answer by verb Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Colocou os tomates na geladeira? Coloquei
  Gloss: put.PRF.3SG(2SG) the.M.PL tomato.PL in.the.F ? Put.1SG
  Translation: Did you put the tomatoes in the fridge? Put (yes)
  Comment: In brazilian portuguese the 2 person SG takes the verb in the 3.SG depending on the pronoun used. The 2SG pronoun 'you' is rarely used with the verb in the 2.SG
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Pedro tem lido muito? Tem.
  Gloss: Q: Pedro has-3.SG read-PST.PCTP a-lot? Has-PRS.3.SG
  Translation: Has Peter read a lot (implicit: lately)? (Yes, he) has
  Comment: This property has the value yes for all tenses to which auxiliar verbs apply.
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Alguém veio? / Veio alguém? Veio.
  Gloss: someone come.PRF.3SG ? / come.PRF.3SG someone ? come.PRF.3SG
  Translation: Did anyone come? Came (yes)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Você fala português?
  Gloss: Ele fala português? Nao
  Translation: he speak.3SG portuguese ? Not
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
  Words: Ela fala inglês? Nao fala.
  Gloss: she speak.3SG ? Neg speak.
  Translation: Does she speak English? She does not.
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Q19ANegQ_Truth-based confirmation No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q20ANegQ_Polarity-based confirmation Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q21ANegQ_Polarity-reversing particle No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   Q22ANegQ_Polarity-reversing answer by affirmative and special particle No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w01a_Indef mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w01b_Indef mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w01c_Indef mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w02a_Def mass Ns in O position: can be bare No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w02b_Def mass Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w02c_Def mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w03a_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can be bare No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w03b_Indef sing count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w03c_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w03d_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have a plural reading No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w04a_Def sing count Ns in O position: can be bare No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w04b_Def sing count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w04c_Def sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w05a_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w05b_Indef pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w05c_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w06a_Def pl count Ns in O position: can be bare No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w06b_Def pl count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w06c_Def pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w07_a: Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position can be bare No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w07_b Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position must have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w07_d Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position must have a 'special article' No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w08a Proper names in object position can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w08b Proper names in object position must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w08c Proper names in object position can have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w08d Proper names in object position must have a "special" article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w09a Order Art-PN in object position Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w09b Order PN-Art in object position No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w10a Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w10b Proper names modified by an adjective in object position must have an article in object position No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w10c Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w11a Order A--PN in object position Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w11b Order PN--A in object position Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w12a Order Definite Article – Noun with mass nouns in object position Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w12b Order Noun–Definite Article with mass nouns in object position No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w12c Order Definite Article–Noun with singular count nouns in object position Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w12d Order Noun-Definite Article with singular count nouns in object position No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w12e Order Definite Article–Noun with plural nouns in object position Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w12f Order Noun–Definite Article with plural nouns in object position No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w20a Singular count nouns in vocative phrases can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w20b Singular count nouns in vocative phrases must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w20c Singular count nouns in vocative phrases can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   W20d Singular count nouns in vocative phrases must have a special vocative marker No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w20e Singular count nouns in vocative phrases can have a special vocative marker Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w21a Proper names in vocative phrases can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w21b Proper names in vocative phrases must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w21c Proper names in vocative phrases can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w21d Proper names in vocative phrases must have a special vocative marker No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w21e Proper names in vocative phrases can have a special vocative marker Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w22a Plural (count) nouns in vocative phrases can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w22b Plural (count) nouns in vocative phrases must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w22c Plural (count) nouns in vocative phrases can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w22d Plural (count) nuns in vocative phrases must have a special vocative marker No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w22e Plural (count) nouns in vocative phrases can have a special vocative marker Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum