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Romanian

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: ron
  latlong: 44.543505, 26.103515  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: Maria a sosit.
  Gloss: Mary have.AUX.3 arrived
  Translation: Mary has arrived.
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
+ 02_Verb Subject Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: Au căzut frunzele.
  Gloss: have.AUX.PL. 3 fallen leaf-the.PL.F
  Translation: The leaves have fallen.
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
+ 03_Verb Object Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: Au plantat pomi
  Gloss: have.AUX.PL .3 planted trees
  Translation: They planted trees.
  Comment: Romanian is a pro-drop language.
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
   04_Object Verb No Oana Savescu Forum
+ 05_Subject Verb Object Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: Ion mănȃncă prăjituri.
  Gloss: John eat.PRS.SG.3 cake-PL
  Translation: John is eating cakes/John eats cakes.
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
   06_Subject Object Verb No Oana Savescu Forum
+ 07_Verb Subject Object Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: Au recitat copiii poezii.
  Gloss: have.AUX.PL.3 recited child-THE.PL.M poems
  Translation: The children recited poems.
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
  Words: Picteaza copiii peisaje
  Gloss: paint.3PL children.the landscapes
  Translation: The children are painting landscapes
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
+ 08_Verb Object Subject Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: Au plantat pomi trei copi
  Gloss: have.AUX.PL .3 planted trees three children
  Translation: Three children planted trees.
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
   09_Object Subject Verb No Oana Savescu Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No Oana Savescu Forum
+ 11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: Maria a plecat la magazin
  Gloss: Mary has gone to store
  Translation: "Mary has gone to the store"
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition No Oana Savescu Forum
+ 13_Adjective Noun Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: (un) celebru pianist
  Gloss: (a) famous pianist
  Translation: (a) famous pianist
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
  Words: (un) celebru pianist
  Gloss: (a) famous pianist
  Translation: (a) famous pianist
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: Am cumpărat o rochie roşie ieri.
  Gloss: have.AUX. PRS.1 bought a.F.SG dress.F.SG red.F.SG yesterday
  Translation: I bought a red dress yesterday.
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
+ 15_Numeral Noun Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: trei fete
  Gloss: three girls
  Translation: three girls
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
   16_Noun Numeral No Oana Savescu Forum
+ 17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: acest copac
  Gloss: this.M.SG tree.M.SG
  Translation: this tree
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
+ 18_Noun Demonstrative Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: Cartea aceasta e interesantă
  Gloss: book-THE.F.SG this.F.SG is interesting.F.SG
  Translation: This book is interesting.
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
   19_Possessor Noun No Oana Savescu Forum
+ 20_Noun Possessor Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: Asta este cartea Mariei.
  Gloss: this.F.SG is book-THE Mary-GEN
  Translation: This is Mary's book.
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
+ A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: o femeie frumoasă
  Gloss: a.F.SG woman.F.SG beautiful.F.SG
  Translation: a beautiful woman
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
+ A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: Fetele sunt inteligente.
  Gloss: girls-THE.PL.F be.PL intelligent.PL.F
  Translation: The girls are intelligent.
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
+ A 03_Degree Adjective Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: foarte mare
  Gloss: very big
  Translation: very big
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
+ A 04_Adjective Degree No Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: *mare prea
  Gloss: big too
  Translation: too big
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
  Words: *mare destul de
  Gloss: big enough of
  Translation: big enough
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
+ AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: Maria a plecat
  Gloss: Mary have.AUX.3 left
  Translation: Mary left.
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
  Words: Cȃnd tu vei sosi, Maria va fi plecat deja
  Gloss: when you will.SG.2 arrive, Mary will.SG.3 be.AUX left already
  Translation: When you arrive, Mary will have already left.
  Comment: The auxiliary verb "a fi" is used for past conditional, future in the past and past subjunctive (irrealis). The auxiliary verb "a avea" ("to have") is employed for regular past tense in the indicative, irrespective of the type of the lexical verb.
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
+ C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: Maria speră că va ploua.
  Gloss: Mary hope.PRS.SG.3 that will.3 rain
  Translation: Mary hopes that it'll rain
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No Oana Savescu Forum
+ C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: A plecat fiindcă era obosit.
  Gloss: have.AUX.3 left because be.PST.3 tired
  Translation: He left because he was tired.
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Oana Savescu Forum
+ Extra Examples Yes Chris Collins Forum
  Words: Maria ne vede
  Gloss: Mary us sees
  Translation: Mary sees us
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
  Words: Copilul a venit.
  Gloss: child.the have.3SG come.PST.PTCP
  Translation: The child came.
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
   N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia The order is only possible if a demonstrative is present: drumurile acestea trei - these three roads Forum
   N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Morphologically, definite NP cannot take numerals (*trei drumurile vs. trei drumuri (three roads) Forum
   N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia If a demonstrative is added, then definite NPs can have numerals (drumurile acestea trei - these three roads) Forum
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia The reduced demonstrative 'cel' is assumed to construct 'definite readings' with Num NP Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Oana Savescu Forum
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No Oana Savescu Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Oana Savescu Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Oana Savescu Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No Oana Savescu Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Oana Savescu Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Oana Savescu Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Oana Savescu Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Oana Savescu Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Oana Savescu Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No Oana Savescu Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence No Oana Savescu Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No Oana Savescu Forum
+ Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: acel superb copac
  Gloss: that.M.SG superb.M.SG tree.M.SG
  Translation: that superb tree
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
+ Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: acest copac superb
  Gloss: this.M.SG tree.M.SG superb.M.SG
  Translation: this superb tree
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
   Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative No Oana Savescu Forum
+ Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective Yes Oana Savescu Forum
  Words: Cartea aceea groasă mi – a plăcut mult.
  Gloss: book-the.F.SG that.F.SG thick.F.SG 1.SG.DAT have.PRS.3 liked much
  Translation: I enjoyed that thick book.
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Oana Savescu Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No Oana Savescu Forum
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia 'copiii aceştia trei' (Ndef Dem Num) Forum
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q02_Final polar Q-marker No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q04_Polar question by intonation No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q09_Affirmative answer by verb Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q19ANegQ_Truth-based confirmation Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q20ANegQ_Polarity-based confirmation Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q21ANegQ_Polarity-reversing particle Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   Q22ANegQ_Polarity-reversing answer by affirmative and special particle Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No Oana Savescu Forum
   w01a_Indef mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w01b_Indef mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w01c_Indef mass Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Particle 'din' ('from/of in') Forum
   w02a_Def mass Ns in O position: can be bare No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w02b_Def mass Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w02c_Def mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w03a_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia 'am cumpărat palton' - I bought coat' Forum
   w03b_Indef sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No Monica Alexandrina Irimia 'am cumpărat palton' - I bought coat' Forum
   w03c_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w03d_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have a plural reading No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w04a_Def sing count Ns in O position: can be bare No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w04b_Def sing count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w04c_Def sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w05a_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w05b_Indef pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w05c_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Particle 'din' (< de + în> 'from/of in') Forum
   w06a_Def pl count Ns in O position: can be bare No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w06b_Def pl count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w06c_Def pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w07_a: Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position can be bare No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w07_b Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position must have an article Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w07_c Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position can have an article No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w07_d Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position must have a 'special article' No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w08a Proper names in object position can be bare No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w08b Proper names in object position must have an article No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w08c Proper names in object position can have an article Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w08d Proper names in object position must have a "special" article No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w09a Order Art-PN in object position Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w09b Order PN-Art in object position No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w10a Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can be bare No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w10b Proper names modified by an adjective in object position must have an article in object position Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w10c Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can have an article Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w11a Order A--PN in object position Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w11b Order PN--A in object position Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w12a Order Definite Article – Noun with mass nouns in object position No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w12b Order Noun–Definite Article with mass nouns in object position Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w12c Order Definite Article–Noun with singular count nouns in object position No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w12d Order Noun-Definite Article with singular count nouns in object position Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w12e Order Definite Article–Noun with plural nouns in object position No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w12f Order Noun–Definite Article with plural nouns in object position Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w20a Singular count nouns in vocative phrases can be bare Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w20b Singular count nouns in vocative phrases must have an article No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w20c Singular count nouns in vocative phrases can have an article Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   W20d Singular count nouns in vocative phrases must have a special vocative marker Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w20e Singular count nouns in vocative phrases can have a special vocative marker Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w21a Proper names in vocative phrases can be bare Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w21b Proper names in vocative phrases must have an article No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w21c Proper names in vocative phrases can have an article Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w21d Proper names in vocative phrases must have a special vocative marker No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w21e Proper names in vocative phrases can have a special vocative marker Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w22a Plural (count) nouns in vocative phrases can be bare Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w22b Plural (count) nouns in vocative phrases must have an article No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w22c Plural (count) nouns in vocative phrases can have an article Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w22d Plural (count) nuns in vocative phrases must have a special vocative marker No Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum
   w22e Plural (count) nouns in vocative phrases can have a special vocative marker Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia Forum