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San Dionisio Ocotepec Zapotec

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: ztu
  latlong: 16.802067,-96.393084  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
   01_Subject Verb No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   02_Verb Subject Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   03_Verb Object Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   04_Object Verb No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   05_Subject Verb Object No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   06_Subject Object Verb No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   07_Verb Subject Object Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   09_Object Subject Verb No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition No George Aaron Broadwell Interrogative object of preposition precedes the Prep; an ordinary object follows the Prep Forum
   13_Adjective Noun No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   14_Noun Adjective Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   15_Numeral Noun Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   16_Noun Numeral Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   17_Demonstrative Noun No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   18_Noun Demonstrative Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   19_Possessor Noun Yes George Aaron Broadwell Interrogative possessors precede the noun, but regular possessors follow Forum
   20_Noun Possessor Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
+ Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
  Words:  Ííty ù-lù'ù=tì' Juáàny bzyàá lè'èny bòòls.
  Gloss: neg com-put=neg Juan beans in bag
  Translation: ‘Juan didn't put the beans in the bag.'
  Comment: The clitic =tì' follows the first word/phrase after the negative word ííty. In the most neutral order, this is the verb. But if 'Juan' were focused the order would be ííty Juáàny=tì' ù-lù'ù .... Thus =tì' is not truly a verbal clitic, but a more general clitic that frequently appears on the verb.
  Contributor: George Aaron Broadwell
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
+ Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
  Words: Ííty Juáàny ní-gù' bzyàá lè'èny bòòls.
  Gloss:  neg Juan neg-put beans in bag
  Translation: ‘Juan didn't put the beans in the bag.'
  Comment:  If the verb to be negated is in the negative or potential aspect, then ííty seems to act like a raising verb and the following clause is in SVO order. The =tì' clitic does not appear in this case.
  Contributor: George Aaron Broadwell
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
+ Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
  Words: bè'cw ró'=rì
  Gloss: dog big=that
  Translation: 'that big dog'
  Comment: The demonstratives are clitics
  Contributor: George Aaron Broadwell
   Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Q02_Final polar Q-marker No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Q04_Polar question by intonation No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   w01a_Indef mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   w01b_Indef mass Ns in O position: must have an article No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   w02a_Def mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   w02b_Def mass Ns in O position: must have an article No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   w03a_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   w03b_Indef sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   w03c_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum