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  ISO 639-3 Code: spa
  latlong: 19.321511,-99.162598  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Chris Collins Forum
  Words: María regresó
  Gloss: M. return.PST.3SG
  Translation: María came back
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: Desapareció mi cartera
  Gloss: dissapear.PST.3SG my wallet
  Translation: My wallet dissapeared
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
   02_Verb Subject Yes Chris Collins Forum
+ 03_Verb Object Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: Juan limpió el espejo
  Gloss: J. clean.PST.3SG the.M mirror
  Translation: Juan cleaned the mirror
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 04_Object Verb No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *El espejo limpió
  Gloss: the.M mirror clean.PST.3SG
  Translation: Intended: He cleaned the mirror
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 05_Subject Verb Object Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: Juan limpió el espejo
  Gloss: J. clean.PST.3SG the.M mirror
  Translation: Juan cleaned the mirror
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 06_Subject Object Verb No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *Juan el espejo limpió
  Gloss: J. the.M mirror clean.PST.3SG
  Translation: Intended: Juan cleaned the mirror
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 07_Verb Subject Object No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *Limpió Juan el espejo.
  Gloss: clean.PST.3SG Juan the.M mirror
  Translation: Intended: Juan cleaned the mirror
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 08_Verb Object Subject No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *Limpió el espejo Juan
  Gloss: clean.PST.3SG the.M mirror J.
  Translation: Intended: Juan cleaned the mirror
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 09_Object Subject Verb No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *El espejo Juan limpió
  Gloss: the.M mirror J. clean.PST.3SG
  Translation: Intended: 'Juan cleaned the mirror'
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 10_Object Verb Subject No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *El espejo limpió Juan
  Gloss: the.M mirror clean.PST.3SG Juan
  Translation: Intended: 'Juan cleaned the mirror'
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: El libro está sobre la mesa
  Gloss: the.M book be.PRS.3SG on the.F table
  Translation: The book is on the table
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 12_Noun_Phrase Adposition No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *Bailamos la boda en
  Gloss: dance.PST.1PL the.F wedding at
  Translation: Intended: We danced at the wedding
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 13_Adjective Noun Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: La antigua capital estaba en la costa.
  Gloss: the.F ancient.F capital be.PST.IMPF.3SG on the.F coast
  Translation: The former capital (city) was on the coast.
  Comment: The adjective 'antiguo' can mean 'former' if it is prenominal but 'ancient' if it occurs after the noun.
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: El café caliente está sobre la mesa
  Gloss: the.M coffee hot be.PRS.3SG on the.F table
  Translation: The hot coffee is on the table
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 15_Numeral Noun Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: Visitamos cuatro ciudades
  Gloss: visit.PST.1PL four city.PL
  Translation: We visited four cities
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 16_Noun Numeral No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *Visitamos ciudades cuatro
  Gloss: visit.PST.1PL city.PL four
  Translation: Intended: We visited four cities
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: Visitamos esas ciudades
  Gloss: visit.PST.1PL that.F.PL city.PL
  Translation: We visited those cities
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 18_Noun Demonstrative No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *Leí novela esta
  Gloss: read.PST.1SG novel this.F
  Translation: Intended: I read this novel
  Comment: A demonstrative can occur after a noun with an adjectival function and in non-neutral contexts only: "Leí la novela esta". Such constructions always need a definite article and the demonstrative does not act as a determiner.
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 19_Possessor Noun No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *Fuimos a de María la boda
  Gloss: go.PST.1PL to of M. the.F wedding
  Translation: Intended: We danced at Maria's wedding
  Comment: Possessor Noun is only possible when the possessor is a pronoun.
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 20_Noun Possessor Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: Bailamos en la boda de María
  Gloss: dance.PST.1PL at the.F wedding of M.
  Translation: We danced at Maria's wedding
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 21_Pronominal Possessor Noun Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
  Words: Mi casa
  Gloss: my-1SG.POSS house
  Translation: My house
  Contributor: Michael A. Estrada
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
+ A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Chris Collins Forum
  Words: Tengo un perro blanc-o
  Gloss: have.PRS.1SG a.M dog white.M
  Translation: I have a white dog
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: Tengo dos gat-a-s blanc-a-s
  Gloss: have.1SG two cat-F-PL white-F-PL
  Translation: I have two white female cats
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes Chris Collins Forum
  Words: María está enferm-a
  Gloss: M. be.PRS.3SG sick-F
  Translation: María is sick
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: Juan está enferm-o
  Gloss: J. be.PRS.3SG sick-M
  Translation: Juan is sick
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ A 03_Degree Adjective Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: Este libro está bien caro
  Gloss: this.M book be.PRS.3SG very expensive.M
  Translation: This book is very expensive
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ A 04_Adjective Degree No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *Este libro está caro bien
  Gloss: this.M book be.PRS.3SG expensive.M very
  Translation: Intended: This book is very expensive
  Comment: The degree word can ony precede the adjective (see Degree Adjective)
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: Juan no ha llegado
  Gloss: J. NEG have.AUX.PRS.3SG arrive.PTCP
  Translation: John has not arrived
  Comment: All perfect past constructions use the auxiliary 'haber' (have).
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: Juan no ha comido
  Gloss: J. NEG have.AUX.PRS.3SG eat.PTCP
  Translation: Juan has not eaten
  Comment: All perfect past constructions use the auxiliary 'haber' (have).
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: Dije que [estaba enferma]
  Gloss: say.PST.1SG COMP be.PST.IMPF.1SG sick.F
  Translation: I said that I was sick
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ C 02_Clause Complementizer No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *Dije [estaba enferma] que
  Gloss: say.PST.1SG be.PST.IMPF.1SG sick.F COMP
  Translation: Intended: I said that I was sick
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: Vine porque me llamaron
  Gloss: come.PST.1SG because ACC.1SG call.PST.3PL
  Translation: I came because they called me
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: Aunque no quieras venir, vendrás.
  Gloss: although not want.PRS.SBJVE.2SG come.INF, come.FUT.2SG
  Translation: Although you don't want to come, you will come
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *Vine me llamaron porque
  Gloss: come.PST.1SG ACC.1SG call.PST.3PL because
  Translation: Intended: I came because they called me
  Comment: the adverbial subordinator 'porque' cannot be postposed to the clause it introduces.
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: *[No quieras venir] aunque, vendrás
  Gloss: NEG want.SBJVE.PRS.2SG come.INF although come.FUT.2SG
  Translation: Intended: Although you don't want to come, you will come.
  Comment: 'Aunque' ('although') is introducing the clause 'no quieras venir'. It can therefore only precede it (see Adverbial_Subordinator Clause)
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
   Extra Examples Yes Chris Collins Forum
   N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes Victoria Mateu Forum
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) No Victoria Mateu Forum
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) Yes Victoria Mateu Forum
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) No Victoria Mateu Forum
   N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article Yes Victoria Mateu Forum
   N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Victoria Mateu Forum
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative No Victoria Mateu Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No Victoria Mateu Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Victoria Mateu Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Victoria Mateu Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Victoria Mateu Forum
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No Michael A. Estrada Forum
+ Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: Visitamos esas extrañas ciudades
  Gloss: visit.PST.1PL that.F.PL strange.F.PL city.PL
  Translation: We visited those strange cities
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: Leí esta novela corta
  Gloss: read.PST.1SG this.F novel short.F
  Translation: I read this short novel
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *Leí novela corta esta
  Gloss: read.PST.1SG novel short.F this.F
  Translation: Intended: I read this short novel
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: la reacción desinteresada esta/esa en realidad era preocupante
  Gloss: the reaction disinterested this/that in fact was worrying
  Translation: this/that disinterested reaction was in fact worrying (Brugè 2002: 20)
  Comment: Non DP-initial demonstratives are attested in Spanish: el hombre este. Here, a definite article must always occur (*hombre este; * un hombre este). Sequences containing one or more adjectives and a non DP-initial demonstrative are also possible. Yet, there is no agreement in the literature (see for discussion: Bernstein 1993, 1997, 2001; Brugè 1995, 1996, 2000, 2002; Giusti 1993, 1997, 2002; Roca 1996) about the very nature of such constructions and their relation to the DP-initial ones (unmarked order).
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
  Words: el chico alto este/ese vive cerca de casa
  Gloss: the boy tall this/that lives near home
  Translation: his that tall boy lives near home
  Comment: Laura Brugè (2002) The position of demonstratives in the extended nominal projection. In: Cinque Guglielmo (ed), Functional structure in DP and IP: the catography of syntactic structures. Oxford: OUP, 15-53. Example: p. 20.
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
+ Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *Leí novela esta corta
  Gloss: read.PST.1SG novel this.F short.F
  Translation: Intended: I read this short novel
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *Leí corta esta novela
  Gloss: read.PST.1SG short.F this.F novel
  Translation: Intended: 'I read this short novel'
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: el majo profesor alemano ese
  Gloss: the nice professor German that
  Translation: that nice German professor
  Comment: Non DP-initial demonstratives are attested in Spanish: el hombre este. Here, a definite article must always occur (*hombre este; * un hombre este). Sequences containing one or more adjectives and a non DP-initial demonstrative are also possible. Yet, there is no agreement in the literature (see for discussion: Bernstein 1993, 1997, 2001; Brugè 1995, 1996, 2000, 2002; Giusti 1993, 1997, 2002; Roca 1996) about the very nature of such constructions and their relation to the DP-initial ones (unmarked order).
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
  Words: el ultimo cuadro redondo este suyo
  Gloss: the last painting round this of his
  Translation: his last round painting
  Comment: Giuliana Giusti (2002) «The functional structure of noun phrases: a bare phrase structure approach». In: Cinque Guglielmo (ed), Functional structure in DP and IP: the catography of syntactic structures. Oxford, OUP, 54-90. Example on p. 71.
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative Yes Michael A. Estrada With the proper intonation and manner, this order may be allowed by some speakers of Spanish. The order can be commonly found when the speaker has the intension of sounding dismissive about the topic at hand, e.g. "Los tres niños esos siempre están causando problemas", translated roughly as, "Those three kids are always causing trouble". Forum
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No Victoria Mateu Forum
   Q02_Final polar Q-marker No Victoria Mateu Forum
   Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker No Victoria Mateu Forum
+ Q04_Polar question by intonation Yes Victoria Mateu Forum
  Words: Bebes café cada mañana?
  Gloss: drink.PRES.2SG coffee every morning
  Translation: Do you drink coffee every morning?
  Comment: When the subject is an overt DP we find verb-subject inversion, e.g. '¿Bebe café Juan?’ (‘Does John drink coffee?). However, when the subject is null, intonation is the only distinction between a declarative and a question, e.g. 'Bebes café cada mañana' ('You drink coffee every morning') vs. 'Bebes café cada mañana?' ('Do you drink coffee every morning?')
  Contributor: Victoria Mateu
+ Q05_Polar question by V-fronting Yes Victoria Mateu Forum
  Words: Bebe café Juan?
  Gloss: drink.PRES.3SG coffee the John
  Translation: Does John drink coffee?
  Comment: The declarative version would be 'Juan bebe café' ('John drinks coffee')
  Contributor: Victoria Mateu
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting Yes Victoria Mateu Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No Victoria Mateu Forum
   Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes Victoria Mateu Forum
   Q09_Affirmative answer by verb No Victoria Mateu Forum
   Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary No Victoria Mateu Forum
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb No Victoria Mateu Forum
+ Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb No Victoria Mateu Forum
  Comment: An intonational break is needed between the particle and the verb, e.g. ‘Subes? - Sí, subo’ (‘Are you going up? – Yes, I am’).
  Contributor: Victoria Mateu
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No Victoria Mateu Forum
   Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question No Victoria Mateu Forum
   Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question No Victoria Mateu Forum
   Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle No Victoria Mateu Forum
   Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation Yes Victoria Mateu Forum
+ Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb No Victoria Mateu Forum
  Comment: An intonational break as well as a second negative particle before the verb are needed, e.g. Conduces? – No, no conduzco (‘Do you drive? – No, I don’t‘). Conduces? – *No, conduzco / *No conduzco (‘Do you drive? – No, I don’t‘)
  Contributor: Victoria Mateu
   Q19ANegQ_Truth-based confirmation No Victoria Mateu Forum
   Q20ANegQ_Polarity-based confirmation Yes Victoria Mateu Forum
   Q21ANegQ_Polarity-reversing particle No Victoria Mateu Forum
   Q22ANegQ_Polarity-reversing answer by affirmative and special particle No Victoria Mateu Forum
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No Michael A. Estrada Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second Yes Michael A. Estrada Forum
   w01a_Indef mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w01b_Indef mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w01c_Indef mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w02a_Def mass Ns in O position: can be bare No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w02b_Def mass Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w02c_Def mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w03a_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can be bare No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w03b_Indef sing count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w03c_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w03d_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have a plural reading No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w04a_Def sing count Ns in O position: can be bare No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w04b_Def sing count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w04c_Def sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w05a_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w05b_Indef pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w05c_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w06a_Def pl count Ns in O position: can be bare No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w06b_Def pl count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
   w06c_Def pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi Forum
+ w07_a: Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position can be bare No Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
  Words: *Juan observó luna
  Gloss: John observe.PST.3SG moon
  Translation: *John observed moon
  Contributor: Alejandro Rodriguez
+ w07_b Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position must have an article Yes Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
  Words: Juan observó la luna
  Gloss: John observe.PST.3SG the.F moon
  Translation: John observed the moon
  Contributor: Alejandro Rodriguez
   w07_c Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position can have an article No Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
   w07_d Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position must have a 'special article' No Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
+ w08a Proper names in object position can be bare Yes Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
  Words: Leí Pablo Neruda en la clase de literatura española
  Gloss: read.PST.1SG P. N. in the.F class of literature Spanish
  Translation: I read Pablo Neruda in spanish literature class
  Comment: Only in the alternation that is visible with surnames of "distinguished" individuals
  Contributor: Alejandro Rodriguez
+ w08b Proper names in object position must have an article Yes Alejandro Rodriguez It must have some article--if we treat an article as a preposition (adposition), then the property follows Forum
  Words: Conocí a Juan
  Gloss: met.PST.1SG to J.
  Translation: I met Juan
  Contributor: Alejandro Rodriguez
   w08c Proper names in object position can have an article Yes Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
   w08d Proper names in object position must have a "special" article No Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
+ w09a Order Art-PN in object position Yes Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
  Words: Allí viene la Maria
  Gloss: there come.PRSNT.3SG the M.
  Translation: There comes the Mary
  Comment: Only in sub-standard Spanish
  Contributor: Alejandro Rodriguez
+ w09b Order PN-Art in object position No Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
  Words: *Conocí Juan a
  Gloss: met.PST.1SG J. to
  Translation: *I met John to
  Contributor: Alejandro Rodriguez
+ w10a Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can be bare No Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
  Words: *Leí famoso Pablo Neruda en la clase de literatura española
  Gloss: read.PST.1SG famous P. N. in the.F class of literature Spanish
  Translation: *I read famous Pablo Neruda in spanish literature class
  Contributor: Alejandro Rodriguez
+ w10b Proper names modified by an adjective in object position must have an article in object position Yes Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
  Words: Ví a la pequeña Maria
  Gloss: See.PST.1SG to the.F little Mary
  Translation: I saw the little Mary
  Contributor: Alejandro Rodriguez
   w10c Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can have an article Yes Alejandro Rodriguez Sub-standard Spanish Forum
+ w11a Order A--PN in object position Yes Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
  Words: Ví a la hermosa Maria
  Gloss: See.PST.1SG to the.F beautiful Mary
  Translation: I saw the beautiful Mary
  Contributor: Alejandro Rodriguez
+ w11b Order PN--A in object position Yes Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
  Words: Ví a Maria hermosa
  Gloss: See.PST.1SG to Mary beautiful
  Translation: I saw Mary beautiful
  Contributor: Alejandro Rodriguez
+ w12a Order Definite Article – Noun with mass nouns in object position Yes Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
  Words: ¡Pon la leche en el refrigerador!
  Gloss: Put.PRSNT.2SG the.F milk in the.M refrigerator!
  Translation: Put the milk in the refrigerator!
  Contributor: Alejandro Rodriguez
   w12b Order Noun–Definite Article with mass nouns in object position No Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
+ w12c Order Definite Article–Noun with singular count nouns in object position Yes Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
  Words: Conocí dos niños y una niña. Invité a la niña a la fiesta.
  Gloss: met.PST.1SG two boy.PL and a.F girl.SG invite.PST.1SG to the.F girl to the.F party.
  Translation: I met two boys and one girl. I invited the girl to the party
  Contributor: Alejandro Rodriguez
   w12d Order Noun-Definite Article with singular count nouns in object position No Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
+ w12e Order Definite Article–Noun with plural nouns in object position Yes Alejandro Rodriguez Forum
  Words: Conocí dos niños y una niña. Invité a los niños a la fiesta.
  Gloss: met.PST.1SG two boy.PL and a.F girl.SG invite.PST.1SG the.M boy.PL to the.F party.
  Translation: I met two boys and one girl. I invited the boys to the party
  Contributor: Alejandro Rodriguez
   w12f Order Noun–Definite Article with plural nouns in object position No Alejandro Rodriguez Forum