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Tarascan

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: tsz
  latlong: 19.557202,-101.694946  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: juchí mimi kawi-h-ti
  Gloss: 1.SG.POSS brother get.drunk-PFV-3
  Translation: 'My brother got drunk'
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 02_Verb Subject Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: jarha-h-ti némani juchíin=ia
  Gloss: be-PFV-3 someone 1.SG.POSS=ADV
  Translation: 'There is someone in my house'
  Comment: The verb can precede the subject in existential constructions in an 'out-of-the-blue' context if the subject is indefinite
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: jarhá-h-ti ambé mésa-rhu
  Gloss: be-PFV-3 something table-LOC
  Translation: 'There is something on the table'
  Comment: The verb can precede the subject in existential constructions when the subject is indefinite ('someone' or 'something')
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 03_Verb Object Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: Juan jota-h-ti ma wíchu-ni riata jimbó.
  Gloss: Juan tie-PFV-3 INDF dog-OBJ rope ADP
  Translation: 'Juan tied up the dog with a rope'
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
   05_Subject Verb Object Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
+ 11_Adposition Noun_Phrase No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: *Saulina u-h-ti churipu jimpó tsúntsu jimbáni-ni
  Gloss: Saulina make-PFV-3 soup ADP pot new-OBJ
  Translation: Intended: Saulina made soup in the new pot
  Comment: 'jimpó' is a postposition. It requires accusative (objective) case in its complement NP.
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: *Pegru jura-h-ti khwíndikwa-rhu jingóni Juánu-ni.
  Gloss: Pedro come-PFV-3 party-LOC ADP Juan-OBJ
  Translation: Intended: 'Pedro came to the party with Juan'
  Comment: 'jingóni' is a postposition with comitative meaning. It requires (objective) accusative case marking on its complement NP.
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 12_Noun_Phrase Adposition Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: Saulina u-h-ti churipu tsúntsu jimbáni-ni jimpó
  Gloss: Saulina make-PERF-3 soup pot new-OBJ ADP
  Translation: 'Saulina made soup in the new pot'
  Comment: The postposition 'jimpó' requires objective (accusative) case on its NP complement.
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: Pegru jura-h-ti khwíndikwa-rhu Juanu-ni jingóni
  Gloss: Pedro come-PFV-3 party-LOC Juan-OBJ ADP
  Translation: 'Pedro came to the party with Juan'
  Comment: The comitative postposition 'jingóni' requires objective (accusative) case on its NP complement.
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 13_Adjective Noun Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: indé turhipiti tsíkata thire-h-ti=ia
  Gloss: DEM black hen eat-PFV-3=ADV
  Translation: 'That black hen has already eaten'
  Comment: The adjective can precede the noun or be postposed to it without no attested change in meaning.
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: indé tsíkata turhipiti thire-h-ti=ia
  Gloss: DEM hen black eat-PFV-3=ADV
  Translation: 'That black hen has already eaten'
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
   15_Numeral Noun Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
   16_Noun Numeral Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
+ 17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: indé=ksï warhiiti-cha jarha-h-ti cosina
  Gloss: DEM=3PL.SUBJ woman-PL be-PFV-3 kitchen
  Translation: 'Those women are in the kitchen'
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 18_Noun Demonstrative Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: jiwátsï wék-sïn-ti tsíkata-ni i-ni
  Gloss: coyote want-IPFV-3 hen-OBJ DEM-OBJ
  Translation: 'The coyote wants this hen'
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 19_Possessor Noun Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: jiwatsï pá-h-ti chí tsíkata-ni
  Gloss: coyote take-PFV-3 2.SG.POSS hen-OBJ
  Translation: 'The coyote took away your hen'
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: jiwatsï pá-h-ti Juanu-iri tsíkata-ni
  Gloss: coyote take-PFV-3 Juan-GEN hen-OBJ
  Translation: 'The coyote took away Juan's hen'
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ 20_Noun Possessor Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: tsíkata Juanu-iri-cha phuku-sha-ti-ksï.
  Gloss: hen Juan-GEN-PL fat-PROG-3-3.PL.SBJ
  Translation: 'Juan's hens are getting fat'
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: instku tsiri kuchi-cha-ni teparati-cha-ni
  Gloss: give.IMP corn pig-PL-OBJ fat-PL-OBJ
  Translation: 'Give corn to the fat pigs'
  Comment: The attributive noun agrees in number and case with the head noun. The agreement is not obligatory.
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
   A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
+ A 03_Degree Adjective Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: jiwátsï pa-h-ti ma sándaru tepári-ni tsíkata-ni
  Gloss: coyote take-PFV-3 INDF more fat-OBJ hen-OBJ
  Translation: 'The coyote took away a fatter hen'
  Comment: the degree word 'san-daru' is composed by 'sani' = little and 'teru' = other.
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: Juanu wanda-h-ti eski jani-a-ka
  Gloss: juan say-PFV-3 COMP rain-FUT-3.SBJV
  Translation: 'Juan said that it will rain'
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
+ C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
  Words: enki wéra-ka-ni juchínia janí-sha-p-ti
  Gloss: ADV.SUB go.out-1-1SG my.house rain-PROG-PST-3
  Translation: 'When I left the house, it was raining'
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: arhá-s-ka-ni jasï eske kharhíma-sha-p-ka
  Gloss: eat-PERF-1-1SG fava.beans ADV.SUB hungry-PROG-PST-1
  Translation: I ate the beans because I was hungry
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
   Extra Examples Yes Chris Collins Forum
   Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
   Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas Forum