Login

Tigre

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: tig
  latlong: 15° 20′ 0″ N, 38° 55′ 0″ E  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: worot 'ənās məsəl nəwā-yu wa-s̩ewa-hu 'ət qišot 'ala.
  Gloss: one man with his cattle and his family in small village was.
  Translation: ‘A man lived with his family and his cattle in a hamlet.’
  Comment: Tigre grammar and texts / by Shlomo Raz. P94
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ 02_Verb Subject No Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: təkabbat-att-om
  Gloss: meet-she-them
  Translation: ‘she met them’
  Comment: Tigre grammar and texts / by Shlomo Raz. P39///pronominal subject markers follow V, but nominal subjects must precede
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Comment: “As a SOV language the verb in Tigre is at the end of the sentence.” ---The Semitic Languages, Weninger Stefan, P1146
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ 03_Verb Object No Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: təkabbat-att-om
  Gloss: meet-she-them
  Translation: ‘she met them’
  Comment: Tigre grammar and texts / by Shlomo Raz. P39
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Comment: pronominal object markers follow V, but nominal objects must precede
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: həbr-u mī tu
  Gloss: color-his what copula
  Translation: ‘What is his color (həbər)?’
  Comment: The Semitic Language--- Weninger Stefan, P1147
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ 04_Object Verb Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: rabbi astar wa-mədər faṭra
  Gloss: God stars and-earth he created
  Translation: ‘God created heaven and earth’
  Comment: The Semitic Languages, Weninger Stefan P1167
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ 05_Subject Verb Object No Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Comment: “As a SOV language the verb in Tigre is at the end of the sentence.” The Semitic Languages, Weninger, Stefan P1146
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ 06_Subject Object Verb Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: həta 'abb-āy s̩ewabet ba
  Gloss: she large-MS family has
  Translation: ‘She has a large family.’
  Comment: Tigre grammar and texts / by Shlomo Raz. P50 this property is for non pronominal subjects and objects
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ 07_Verb Subject Object No Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: təkabbat-att-om
  Gloss: meet-she-them
  Translation: ‘she met them’
  Comment: pronoun suffix exception Tigre grammar and texts / by Shlomo Raz.P39
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ 08_Verb Object Subject No Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Comment: “As a SOV language the verb in Tigre is at the end of the sentence.” The Semitic Languages, Weninger, Stefan P1146
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
   09_Object Subject Verb No Zhenyu Sun Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No Zhenyu Sun Forum
+ 11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: 'əb səlluma 'ət h̩əgəs ladabər bat̩r-at.
  Gloss: Safely at lower part the mountain she stood.
  Translation: ‘She stood safely at the lower part of the mountain.’
  Comment: P85
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition No Zhenyu Sun Forum
+ 13_Adjective Noun Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: 'abbāy s̩ewabet
  Gloss: Large family
  Translation: large family
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: 'adəg fädab
  Gloss: monkey strong
  Translation: ‘strong monkey’
  Comment: P183 Leslau
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ 15_Numeral Noun Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: 'adad səs kəkkān
  Gloss: number six shop
  Translation: ‘six shops’
  Comment: P78
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: kəle' wa'at
  Gloss: two cows
  Translation: 'two cows'
  Comment: P13
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
   16_Noun Numeral No Zhenyu Sun Forum
+ 17_Demonstrative Noun Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: 'əllom h̩aməs nafar
  Gloss: these five ones
  Translation: these five ones
  Comment: P105
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
   18_Noun Demonstrative No Zhenyu Sun Forum
   19_Possessor Noun No Zhenyu Sun Forum
+ 20_Noun Possessor Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: dār 'abu-ha
  Gloss: the property father-her
  Translation: her father's property
  Comment: P91
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun No Zhenyu Sun Forum
+ 22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: 'abu-ha
  Gloss: father-her
  Translation: her father
  Comment: P91
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: aqqay-tu
  Gloss: soldier-his
  Translation: 'his soldiers'
  Comment: P18
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: ‘abi s̩agam
  Gloss: big deed
  Translation: big deed
  Comment: Tigre grammar and texts / by Shlomo Raz. P128
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: 'abā-yi 'ašrām
  Gloss: big-PL water-holes
  Translation: big waterholes
  Comment: Tigre grammar and texts / by Shlomo Raz. P126
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Comment: Adjectives agree for ms (generally -ay), feminine (-t), plural(-āt, -otāt, -(a)č, and/or by internal vowel change including ‘broken’ plurals
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: akān
  Gloss: place
  Translation: ‘place’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: akānāt
  Gloss: places
  Translation: ‘places’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: mathət
  Gloss: lowland
  Translation: 'lowland'
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: əssit
  Gloss: woman
  Translation: ‘woman’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: matahēt
  Gloss: lowlands
  Translation: ‘lowlands’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: anəs
  Gloss: women
  Translation: 'women'
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: walat
  Gloss: young girl, daughter
  Translation: ‘young girl, daughter’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: awāləd (circumposition)
  Gloss: young girls
  Translation: ‘young girls’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
   A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement NA Zhenyu Sun Forum
+ A 03_Degree Adjective Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: bəzuh̩ kəbud
  Gloss: very heavy
  Translation: ‘very heavy’
  Comment: P122
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: bəzuh̩ qori
  Gloss: very deep
  Translation: 'very deep'
  Comment: P70
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
   A 04_Adjective Degree No Zhenyu Sun Forum
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection NA Zhenyu Sun Forum
   C 01_Complementizer Clause NA Zhenyu Sun Forum
   C 02_Clause Complementizer NA Zhenyu Sun Forum
+ C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: rayim gabay 'əb 'əgru 'əgəl ligis 'ala 'əlu 'əbmi makina-tu 'əb-hamgam təsabbara.
  Gloss: Long way by his-foot to go he had because his-car suddenly broke-down.
  Translation: 'He had to walk a long way because his car suddenly broke down.'
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: ka'əlli dam la'əlu s̩ammat h̩əmum dam ga'a mən-gabbə' həta tah̩amməm wa-bə'dām h̩ar lətnakkaš
  Gloss: and this blood which-it sucked-out sick blood became if she becomes-ill and-others after-that are-bitten
  Translation: ‘And if this blood which they sucked is sick blood, they become ill and then others are bitten.’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: 'ənās salas wal 'alaw 'əlu
  Gloss: man three son were to-him
  Translation: 'A man had three sons.'
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) NA Zhenyu Sun Forum
+ N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: lakəl'ot hu
  Gloss: the-two brothers
  Translation: 'the two brothers'
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) No Zhenyu Sun Forum
+ N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: la-šek
  Gloss: the-sheik
  Translation: 'the sheik'
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: 'əlli dəggena
  Gloss: this our-village
  Translation: 'our village'
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: kaləb wa-dəmmu
  Gloss: dog and-cat
  Translation: ‘dog and cat’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: lakəl'ot hu
  Gloss: the-two brothers
  Translation: 'the two brothers'
  Comment: definite markers appear as prefix directly attached to the nearest unit.
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: la-šek
  Gloss: the-sheik
  Translation: 'the sheik'
  Comment: definite markers appear as prefix directly attached to the nearest unit.
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
+ Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: ‘awtobus ‘i’ala
  Gloss: autobus not-was
  Translation: ‘there was no bus’
  Comment: standard negation is by prefix ( ‘i- )
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: ‘ala
  Gloss: ‘was’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: halla
  Gloss: ‘is’
  Translation: ‘is’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: ‘alabu
  Gloss: ‘is not’
  Translation: ‘is not’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: 'əbb-əlla mambar sannet
  Gloss: with-this way-of-living good
  Translation: 'with this good way of living'
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes Zhenyu Sun Forum
  Words: 'afo/'ābe
  Translation: 'yes'
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: 'ifālu
  Translation: 'no'
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun