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Triqui, Copala

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: trc
  latlong: 17.169021,-97.952355  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
  Words: Ca-taj 'u̱nj rihaan nij soj nij nana̱ nihánj
  Gloss: compl-say I to pl you(pl) pl word this
  Translation: I have said these words to you
  Comment: This example shows V Subj PP Obj order. V Subj Obj PP is also available, but this word places some emphasis on the object
  Contributor: George Aaron Broadwell
   02_Verb Subject Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   03_Verb Object Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   04_Object Verb No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   05_Subject Verb Object No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   06_Subject Object Verb No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
+ 07_Verb Subject Object Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
  Words: que-ne'en so' man soj
  Gloss: completive-see he acc you(pl)
  Translation: He saw you (pl).
  Contributor: George Aaron Broadwell
   08_Verb Object Subject No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   09_Object Subject Verb No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes George Aaron Broadwell The ordinary order is Prep NP, but this inverts when the NP is interrogative (in the construction called Pied-piping with Inversion) Forum
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition Yes George Aaron Broadwell This is the order found when the object NP is interrogative. Forum
   13_Adjective Noun No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   14_Noun Adjective Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
+ 15_Numeral Noun Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
  Words: ne̱ ne̱ vata̱n' xruj yahi̱j xi̱j a
  Gloss: and sit six jar stone big dec
  Translation: 'and there were six big stone jars'
  Comment: Shows the Num Noun Adj order
  Contributor: George Aaron Broadwell
   16_Noun Numeral No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   17_Demonstrative Noun No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   18_Noun Demonstrative Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   19_Possessor Noun Yes George Aaron Broadwell This is the order found when the possessor is interrogative. Forum
   20_Noun Possessor Yes George Aaron Broadwell This is the usual word order. Poss noun is found when the possessor is interrogative (in the construction called Pied-piping with inversion) Forum
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   A 03_Degree Adjective No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
+ A 04_Adjective Degree Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
  Words: sayuun noco̱o ndo'o
  Gloss: problem big very
  Translation: 'a/the very big problem
  Contributor: George Aaron Broadwell
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
+ Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
  Words: ne qui-'ya̱j so' sayuun man=j ma'
  Gloss: neg com-cause he problem acc=1sg neg
  Translation: He didn't cause me problems
  Comment: Negation is the combination of the ne particle plus shifted tone register on the following verb. In this example, the normal tone for qui'yaj is high register. The negation causes the verb to appear in low register instead (marked by the underscore on the second vowel in the example.) Ma' is an optional sentence-final negation.
  Contributor: George Aaron Broadwell
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone Yes George Aaron Broadwell Standard negation is a preverbal particle plus a tone shift on the verb. See Neg 01 for example and discussion. Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
+ Q02_Final polar Q-marker Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
  Words: Ca-nica̱j so̱' ca-'a̱nj so̱' ná'?
  Gloss: pot-turn 2s pot-go 2s q
  Translation: Will you turn around and go?
  Contributor: George Aaron Broadwell
   Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Q04_Polar question by intonation No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No George Aaron Broadwell Forum
+ w05a_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes George Aaron Broadwell Forum
  Words: G-u̱un niha̱' rá so' c-a̱ta̱ so' cuayó a.
  Gloss: pot-become happy happy 3ms pot-raise:animals 3ms horse dec
  Translation: He is going to be happy to raise horses.
  Comment: niha̱' rá is a compound for 'happy'
  Contributor: George Aaron Broadwell