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Tukang Besi

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: khc
  latlong: -6,124  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Mark Donohue Forum
  Words: Te kalambe iso no-mai-mo
  Gloss: CORE girl yon 3R-come-PF
  Translation: 'That girl has come.'
  Comment: Pragmatically salient 'that girl'.
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
   02_Verb Subject Yes Mark Donohue Forum
   03_Verb Object Yes Mark Donohue Forum
   04_Object Verb No Mark Donohue Forum
+ 05_Subject Verb Object Yes Mark Donohue Forum
  Words: Te mia to'oge no-'ita te anabou
  Gloss: CORE person big 3R-see CORE boy
  Translation: The large person saw a boy
  Comment: There is a slight pragmatic emphasis on 'the large person'
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
   06_Subject Object Verb No Mark Donohue Forum
+ 07_Verb Subject Object Yes Mark Donohue Forum
  Words: No-manga='e te kalambe na kaujawa
  Gloss: 3R-eat CORE girl NOM cassava
  Translation: A girl ate the cassava
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
+ 08_Verb Object Subject Yes Mark Donohue Forum
  Words: Nomanga te kaujawa na mia
  Gloss: 3R-eat CORE cassava NOM person
  Translation: The person ate some cassava
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
   09_Object Subject Verb No Mark Donohue Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No Mark Donohue Forum
+ 11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Mark Donohue Forum
  Words: mina di kampo
  Gloss: from OBL.R village
  Translation: from the village
  Comment: 'mina' takes the oblique case marker, in this case in realis form
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition No Mark Donohue Forum
   13_Adjective Noun No Mark Donohue Forum
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Mark Donohue Forum
  Words: te mia to'oge
  Gloss: CORE person big
  Translation: the big person
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
   15_Numeral Noun No Mark Donohue Forum
+ 16_Noun Numeral Yes Mark Donohue Forum
  Words: Ku-balu te loka alu-'asa
  Gloss: 1SG-buy CORE banana eight-CLF
  Translation: I bought eight bananas
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
   17_Demonstrative Noun No Mark Donohue Forum
+ 18_Noun Demonstrative Yes Mark Donohue Forum
  Words: te mia iso
  Gloss: CORE person that:DIST
  Translation: that person
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
   19_Possessor Noun No Mark Donohue Forum
+ 20_Noun Possessor Yes Mark Donohue Forum
  Words: te ama nu ana iso
  Gloss: CORE father GEN child that:DIST
  Translation: the father of that child
  Comment: (or, that father of the child)
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun No Mark Donohue Forum
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes Mark Donohue Forum
   A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement No Mark Donohue Forum
+ A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes Mark Donohue Forum
  Words: Te ikita to-leama
  Gloss: CORE 1PL 1PL.R-good
  Translation: We're fine
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
+ A 03_Degree Adjective Yes Mark Donohue Forum
  Words: Te loka nu Wanse o-saori-mombaka
  Gloss: CORE banana GEN Wanci 3R-very-delicious
  Translation: Bananas from Wanci are very tasty
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
   A 04_Adjective Degree No Mark Donohue Forum
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection NA Mark Donohue Forum
+ C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Mark Donohue Forum
  Words: No-rodongo kua no-wila=mo
  Gloss: 3R-hear COMP 3R-go=PERF
  Translation: She heard that they had gone
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No Mark Donohue Forum
+ C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Mark Donohue Forum
  Words: Ku-waliako entaea ku-motuturu
  Gloss: 1SG-return because 1SG-sleepy
  Translation: I'm going home because I'm sleepy
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Mark Donohue Forum
   Extra Examples Yes Chris Collins Forum
   N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) No Mark Donohue Forum
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) Yes Mark Donohue Forum
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) No Mark Donohue Forum
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) Yes Mark Donohue Forum
   N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article NA Mark Donohue Forum
   N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Mark Donohue Forum
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative Yes Mark Donohue Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No Mark Donohue Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Mark Donohue Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Mark Donohue Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Mark Donohue Forum
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Mark Donohue Forum
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No Mark Donohue Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Mark Donohue Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Mark Donohue Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No Mark Donohue Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Mark Donohue Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Mark Donohue Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Mark Donohue Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Mark Donohue Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Mark Donohue Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No Mark Donohue Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No Mark Donohue Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence No Mark Donohue Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No Mark Donohue Forum
   Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun No Mark Donohue Forum
   Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective No Mark Donohue Forum
+ Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative Yes Mark Donohue Forum
  Words: Te 'obu mosega iso no-kiki'i te iai=su
  Gloss: CORE dog naughty that 3R-bite CORE younger.sibling=1SG.GEN
  Translation: That fierce dog bit my younger sister
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
   Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective No Mark Donohue Forum
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Mark Donohue Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No Mark Donohue Forum
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun No Mark Donohue Forum
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral No Mark Donohue Forum
   Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative Yes Mark Donohue Forum
   Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral No Mark Donohue Forum
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No Mark Donohue Forum
   Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative No Mark Donohue Forum
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No Mark Donohue Forum
   Q02_Final polar Q-marker Yes Mark Donohue Forum
   Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker No Mark Donohue Forum
   Q04_Polar question by intonation Yes Mark Donohue Forum
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting No Mark Donohue Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting No Mark Donohue Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No Mark Donohue Forum
   Q08_Affirmative answer by particle No Mark Donohue Forum
   Q09_Affirmative answer by verb Yes Mark Donohue Forum
   Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary No Mark Donohue Forum
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb No Mark Donohue Forum
   Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb No Mark Donohue Forum
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No Mark Donohue Forum
   Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question No Mark Donohue Forum
   Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question No Mark Donohue Forum
   Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle No Mark Donohue Forum
   Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation Yes Mark Donohue Forum
   Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb No Mark Donohue Forum
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No Mark Donohue Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No Mark Donohue Forum