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Vietnamese

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: vie
  latlong: 21.2,105.51  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: Lan ngủ rồi.
  Gloss: Lan sleep already
  Translation: "Lan fell asleep."
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
+ 02_Verb Subject No Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: *ngủ Lan rồi
  Gloss: sleep Lan already
  Translation: intended meaning "Lan fell asleep."
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
+ 03_Verb Object Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: Tôi thấy một con chó.
  Gloss: I see one CLF dog
  Translation: "I saw a dog."
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
   04_Object Verb No Binh Ngo Forum
+ 05_Subject Verb Object Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: Nam mua một cuốn sách.
  Gloss: Nam buy one CLF book
  Translation: "Nam bought a book."
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
   06_Subject Object Verb No Binh Ngo Forum
   07_Verb Subject Object No Binh Ngo Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject No Binh Ngo Forum
   09_Object Subject Verb No Binh Ngo Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No Binh Ngo Forum
+ 11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: Tôi đi tù’ nhà
  Gloss: I come from home
  Translation: I came from home
  Contributor: Arwa Rangwala
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition No Binh Ngo Forum
   13_Adjective Noun No Binh Ngo Forum
+ 14_Noun Adjective Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: chiê’c xe màu xanh
  Gloss: the car color green
  Translation: the green car
  Contributor: Arwa Rangwala
   15_Numeral Noun Yes Binh Ngo Forum
   16_Noun Numeral No Binh Ngo Forum
   17_Demonstrative Noun No Binh Ngo Forum
+ 18_Noun Demonstrative Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: Cái điê.n thoa.i này là cȗa tôi
  Gloss: The phone this is of me
  Translation: This phone is mine
  Contributor: Arwa Rangwala
   19_Possessor Noun No Binh Ngo Forum
+ 20_Noun Possessor Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: Cuô’n sách cȗa John
  Gloss: book this of John
  Translation: John's book
  Contributor: Arwa Rangwala
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
+ 22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Chó anh đi bộ.
  Gloss: Dog my go walk
  Translation: My dog is walking.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
+ A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Một cuốn sách bự
  Gloss: One CLS book big
  Translation: One big book
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
  Words: Ba cuốn sách bự
  Gloss: Three CLS book big
  Translation: Three big books
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
+ A 03_Degree Adjective Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Nam rất cao.
  Gloss: Nam very tall
  Translation: Nam is very tall.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
+ A 04_Adjective Degree Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Bánh ngon thiệt.
  Gloss: Pastry delicious really
  Translation: The pastry is really delicious.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
+ C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Thuý hỏi nếu cô ấy đi lễ chưa.
  Gloss: Thuy ask if lady DEM go church already
  Translation: Thuy asked if that lady had gone to church already.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
+ C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Nếu anh ở với em thì anh sẽ thiệt là hạnh phúc.
  Gloss: If you stay with me then you will really is happy
  Translation: If you stay with me then you will be very happy.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
+ N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: Hôm qua Lan mua hai cái bàn
  Gloss: Yesterday Lan buy two CL table
  Translation: "Lan bought two tables yesterday."
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) No Binh Ngo Forum
+ N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: Hôm qua Lan mua hai cái bàn
  Gloss: yesterday Lan buy two CL table
  Translation: "Lan bought the two tables yesterday."
  Comment: The interpretation is derived from a context in which the speakers and the addressee both knew that Lan was interested in buying two particular tables.
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) No Binh Ngo Forum
   N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article No Binh Ngo Forum
+ N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: Nam thích ba bức tranh này.
  Gloss: Nam like three CL painting this
  Translation: "Nam likes these three paintings."
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative Yes Binh Ngo Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No Binh Ngo Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Binh Ngo Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Binh Ngo Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Binh Ngo Forum
+ Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Minh không đi làm.
  Gloss: Minh NEG go work
  Translation: Minh doesn't go to work.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun No Binh Ngo Forum
   Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective No Binh Ngo Forum
+ Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: con chó mực đó
  Gloss: CL dog black that
  Translation: "that black dog"
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
   Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective No Binh Ngo Forum
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Binh Ngo Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No Binh Ngo Forum
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun No Binh Ngo Forum
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral No Binh Ngo Forum
   Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative No Binh Ngo Forum
   Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral No Binh Ngo Forum
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No Binh Ngo Forum
+ Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: hai trái táo này
  Gloss: two CL apple this
  Translation: "these two apples"
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
+ Q01_Initial polar Q-marker Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: có phải Nam học lớp này không?
  Gloss: Q Nam study class this Q
  Translation: "Is Nam taking this class?"
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
+ Q02_Final polar Q-marker Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: Nam học lớp này phải không?
  Gloss: Nam study class this Q
  Translation: "Is Nam taking this class?"
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
  Words: Nam học lớp này hả?
  Gloss: Nam study class this Q?
  Translation: "Is Nam taking this class?"
  Comment: This is used in very informal contexts.
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
+ Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: Nam có học lớp này không?
  Gloss: Nam Q study class this Q
  Translation: "Is Nam taking this class?"
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
   Q04_Polar question by intonation No Binh Ngo Forum
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting No Binh Ngo Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting No Binh Ngo Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No Binh Ngo Forum
+ Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: có phải Nam học lớp này không? phải
  Gloss:  Q Nam study class this Q? Yes
  Translation: Is Nam taking this class? Yes.
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
  Words: Nam học lớp này phải không? Phải.
  Gloss: Nam study class this Q? Yes
  Translation: "Is Nam taking this class?" "Yes."
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
  Words: Nam có học lớp này không?
  Gloss: Nam Q study class this Q?
  Translation: "Is Nam taking this class?"
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
   Q09_Affirmative answer by verb No Binh Ngo Forum
   Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary No Binh Ngo Forum
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb No Binh Ngo Forum
   Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb No Binh Ngo Forum
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No Binh Ngo Forum
   Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question No Binh Ngo Forum
   Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question No Binh Ngo Forum
   Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle No Binh Ngo Forum
+ Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation Yes Binh Ngo Forum
  Words: Lan không thích ăn táo.
  Gloss: Lan not like eat apple
  Translation: "Lan doesn't like to eat apple."
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
  Words: Lan có thích ăn táo không?
  Gloss: Lan Q like eat apple Q
  Translation: "Does Lan like to eat apples?
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
  Words: không
  Gloss: not
  Translation: "no"
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
   Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb No Binh Ngo Forum
+ Q19ANegQ_Truth-based confirmation Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Anh không mua sách này à? / Ừ.
  Gloss: You NEG buy book DEM EMPHASIS? / Yeah.
  Translation: You didn't buy this book? / Yes (I didn't buy it).
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
+ Q20ANegQ_Polarity-based confirmation Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Anh không mua sách này à? / Không.
  Gloss: You NEG buy book DEM EMPHASIS? / No.
  Translation: You didn't buy this book? / No (I didn't buy it).
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
+ Q21ANegQ_Polarity-reversing particle Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Anh không mua sách này à? / Có.
  Gloss: You NEG buy book DEM EMPHASIS? / Yes.
  Translation: You didn't buy this book? / Of course, I did.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
+ Q22ANegQ_Polarity-reversing answer by affirmative and special particle Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Anh không mua sách này à? / Có chứ.
  Gloss: You NEG buy book DEM EMPHASIS? / Yes PARTICLE
  Translation: You didn't buy this book? / Of course, I did.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
+ V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Mổi ngày ảnh ăn tao.
  Gloss: Everyday he eat apple
  Translation: Everyday he eats apples.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
+ w01a_Indef mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Em uống nước mỗi ngày.
  Gloss: I drink water every day
  Translation: I drink water everyday.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   w01b_Indef mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   w01c_Indef mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
+ w02a_Def mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Bỏ trứng vào tủ lạnh đi.
  Gloss: Put egg in refridgerator REQUESTIVE
  Translation: Please put the eggs in the fridge.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   w02b_Def mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   w02c_Def mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
+ w03a_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Em đọc sách.
  Gloss: I read book
  Translation: I read a book.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   w03b_Indef sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   w03c_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
+ w03d_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have a plural reading Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Em đọc sách.
  Gloss: I read book
  Translation: I read books.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
+ w04a_Def sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Nó gọi con gái.
  Gloss: He call CLS girl
  Translation: He calls the girl.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   w04b_Def sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   w04c_Def sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
+ w05a_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Em gặp chó.
  Gloss: I meet dog
  Translation: I meet dogs.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   w05b_Indef pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   w05c_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
+ w06a_Def pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Anh mời học sính tới chơi.
  Gloss: He invite student come play
  Translation: He invites the students to come play.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   w06b_Def pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   w06c_Def pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
+ w07_a: Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position can be bare Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Em xem mặt trăng.
  Gloss: I see moon
  Translation: I see the moon.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   w07_b Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position must have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   w07_c Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position can have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   w07_d Nouns with (intrinsically) unique referents in object position must have a 'special article' No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
+ w08a Proper names in object position can be bare Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Chị đã gặp Jimmy rồi.
  Gloss: I PST meet Jimmy already
  Translation: I’ve already met Jimmy.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   w08b Proper names in object position must have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   w08c Proper names in object position can have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   w08d Proper names in object position must have a "special" article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   w09a Order Art-PN in object position No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   w09b Order PN-Art in object position No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
+ w10a Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can be bare Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Ai cũng ghét Ngô khùng.
  Gloss: Everyone also hates Ngo crazy
  Translation: Everyone hates crazy Ngo.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   w10b Proper names modified by an adjective in object position must have an article in object position No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   w10c Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can have an article No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
   w11a Order A--PN in object position No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
+ w11b Order PN--A in object position Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Hãy mời Hạnh già!
  Gloss: HORTATIVE invite Hanh old
  Translation: Let's invite old Hanh!
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
+ w12a Order Definite Article – Noun with mass nouns in object position Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Bỏ ly rượu trong tủ lạnh.
  Gloss: Put CLS wine in refrigerator
  Translation: Put the wine in the fridge.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   w12b Order Noun–Definite Article with mass nouns in object position No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
+ w12c Order Definite Article–Noun with singular count nouns in object position Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Em ghét con nhỏ đó lám.
  Gloss: I hate CLS girl DEM very
  Translation: I really hate that girl.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   w12d Order Noun-Definite Article with singular count nouns in object position No Jimmy Nguyen Forum
+ w12e Order Definite Article–Noun with plural nouns in object position Yes Jimmy Nguyen Forum
  Words: Anh mua hết các cuốn sách trong tiệm này.
  Gloss: I buy all DEF CLS book in store DEM
  Translation: I bought all of the books in the store.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   w12f Order Noun–Definite Article with plural nouns in object position No Jimmy Nguyen Forum