Login

Wolof

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: wol
  latlong: 16.02, -16.48  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes Harold Torrence Forum
  Words: jàng na-a a-y tééré
  Gloss: read FIN-1S indef-PL book
  Translation: I read books
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
   02_Verb Subject No Harold Torrence Forum
   03_Verb Object Yes Harold Torrence Forum
   04_Object Verb No Harold Torrence Forum
   05_Subject Verb Object Yes Harold Torrence Forum
   06_Subject Object Verb No Harold Torrence Forum
   07_Verb Subject Object No Harold Torrence Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject No Harold Torrence Forum
   09_Object Subject Verb No Harold Torrence Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No Harold Torrence Forum
   11_Adposition Noun_Phrase Yes Harold Torrence Forum
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition No Harold Torrence Forum
   13_Adjective Noun No Harold Torrence Forum
   14_Noun Adjective Yes Harold Torrence Forum
   15_Numeral Noun Yes Harold Torrence Forum
   16_Noun Numeral No Harold Torrence Forum
   17_Demonstrative Noun No Harold Torrence Forum
   18_Noun Demonstrative Yes Harold Torrence Forum
   19_Possessor Noun Yes Harold Torrence Forum
   20_Noun Possessor Yes Harold Torrence Forum
+ 21_Pronominal Possessor Noun Yes Hilda Koopman Forum
  Words: Sa-ma kër
  Gloss: 1sg house
  Translation: my house
  Comment: 1st and person sg/pl precede N
  Contributor: Hilda Koopman
  Words: Sama y/i kër
  Gloss: 1sg PL house
  Translation: my houses
  Contributor: Hilda Koopman
+ 22_Noun Pronominal Possessor Yes Hilda Koopman for 3rd person singular Forum
  Words: kër – am
  Gloss: house - 3SG
  Translation: His/her house
  Comment: Third person singular pronominal possessors follow the noun and agree in ATR harmony, first and second pronominal possessors precede the N, as do 3rd person plural possessors.
  Contributor: Hilda Koopman
   A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes Harold Torrence Forum
   A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement No Harold Torrence Forum
   A 03_Degree Adjective Yes Harold Torrence Forum
   A 04_Adjective Degree Yes Harold Torrence Forum
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection No Harold Torrence Forum
   C 01_Complementizer Clause Yes Harold Torrence Forum
   C 02_Clause Complementizer No Harold Torrence Forum
   C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause Yes Harold Torrence Forum
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator No Harold Torrence Forum
   Extra Examples NA Harold Torrence Forum
   N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes Mariame Sy Forum
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) No Mariame Sy Forum
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) Yes Mariame Sy Forum
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) No Mariame Sy Forum
   N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article Yes Mariame Sy Forum
   N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes Mariame Sy Forum
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative No Mariame Sy Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not Yes Mariame Sy Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No Mariame Sy Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Mariame Sy Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No Mariame Sy Forum
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb No Harold Torrence Forum
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No Harold Torrence Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No Harold Torrence Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix Yes Harold Torrence Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb No Harold Torrence Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No Harold Torrence Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No Harold Torrence Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No Harold Torrence Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No Harold Torrence Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No Harold Torrence Forum
   Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun No Harold Torrence Forum
   Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective No Harold Torrence Forum
   Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative Yes Harold Torrence Forum
   Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective No Harold Torrence Forum
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No Harold Torrence Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No Harold Torrence Forum
+ Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun No Mariame Sy Forum
  Comment: This order is only possible with emphasis
  Contributor: Mariame Sy
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral No Mariame Sy Forum
   Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative No Mariame Sy Forum
   Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral No Mariame Sy Forum
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No Mariame Sy Forum
+ Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative Yes Mariame Sy Forum
  Words: fukk-i teere yu rey yale
  Gloss: Num-pl N rel Adj Dem
  Translation: Those ten big books
  Contributor: Mariame Sy
  Words: sama fukk-i teere yu rey yale
  Gloss: 1.Poss Num-pl N rel Adj Dem
  Translation: those ten big books of mine
  Contributor: Mariame Sy
  Words: fukk-i teere-em yu rey yale
  Gloss: Num-pl N-3.poss rel Adj Dem
  Translation: "those ten big books of his"
  Comment: rel and adj agree with (plural prefix-y.u and y. a.le.)
  Contributor: Mariame Sy
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker Yes Mariame Sy Forum
   Q02_Final polar Q-marker Yes Mariame Sy Forum
   Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker No Mariame Sy Forum
   Q04_Polar question by intonation Yes Mariame Sy Forum
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting No Mariame Sy Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting No Mariame Sy Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus No Mariame Sy Forum
   Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes Mariame Sy Forum
   Q09_Affirmative answer by verb No Mariame Sy Forum
   Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary No Mariame Sy Forum
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb No Mariame Sy Forum
   Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb No Mariame Sy Forum
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No Mariame Sy Forum
   Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question No Mariame Sy Forum
   Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question No Mariame Sy Forum
   Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle Yes Mariame Sy Forum
   Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb No Mariame Sy Forum
   Q19ANegQ_Truth-based confirmation No Mariame Sy Forum
   Q20ANegQ_Polarity-based confirmation Yes Mariame Sy Forum
   Q21ANegQ_Polarity-reversing particle Yes Mariame Sy Forum
   Q22ANegQ_Polarity-reversing answer by affirmative and special particle Yes Mariame Sy Forum
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No Hilda Koopman Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No Hilda Koopman Forum
+ w01a_Indef mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman Forum
  Words: Jënd-na-a ceeb
  Gloss: buy-FIN-1SG rice
  Translation: I bought rice
  Comment: Tamba, Torrence, Zimmermann 2013: 904, ex 34
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
   w01b_Indef mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman Forum
+ w01c_Indef mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman Forum
  Words: Jënd-na-a ∅/*a-b/*b-enn ceeb
  Gloss: buy-FIN-1SG DET/NDEF-CL/CL-some rice
  Translation: I bought rice
  Comment: Tamba, Torrence, Zimmermann 2013: 904, ex 34
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
   w02a_Def mass Ns in O position: can be bare No Cristina Guardiano Forum
   w02b_Def mass Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Cristina Guardiano Forum
   w02c_Def mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Cristina Guardiano Forum
+ w03a_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman Forum
  Words: Xadi gis-na sàcc
  Gloss: Xadi see-FIN thief
  Translation: Xadi saw a thief
  Comment: see property definition. a specific interpretation (e.g. a certain thief ) is also possible. (Tamba, Torrence, Zimmermann 2013: 904, ex 32b).
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
   w03b_Indef sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman Forum
+ w03c_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman Forum
  Words: Xadi gis-na a-b sàcc
  Gloss: Xadi see-FIN INDEF-CL thief
  Translation: Xadi saw a thief
  Comment: see property definition. (Tamba, Torrence, Zimmermann 2013: 904, ex 32))
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
+ w03d_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have a plural reading No Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman Forum
  Words: Awa jàpp-na sàcc
  Gloss: Awa catch-FIN thief
  Translation: Awa caught a thief (cannot mean Awa caught thieves)
  Comment: see property definition. (Tamba, Torrence, Zimmermann 2013: 905, ex 33))
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
+ w04a_Def sing count Ns in O position: can be bare No Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman Forum
  Words: *gis na-a xaj
  Gloss: see FIN-1S dog
  Translation: intended: I saw the dog
  Comment: see property definition. A definite article (-i), preceded by a noun class agreement marker (Ncl), is obligatory (Tamba, Torrence, Zimmermann 2013)
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
+ w04b_Def sing count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman Forum
  Words: gis na-a xaj b-i
  Gloss: see FIN-1S dog Ncl-DEF
  Translation: I saw the dog
  Comment: see property definition. (Tamba, Torrence, Zimmermann 2013)
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
   w04c_Def sing count Ns in O position: can have an article No Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman Forum
+ w05a_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can be bare No Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman Forum
  Words: *jàng na-a tééré
  Gloss: read FIN-1S book
  Translation: Intended: I read books
  Comment: see property definition
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
+ w05b_Indef pl count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman Forum
  Words: jàng na-a a-y tééré
  Gloss: read FIN-1S indef-PL book
  Translation: I read books
  Comment: Indefinite plural count nouns in object position always occur with an indefinite plural marker (cf. also Tamba, Torrence and Zimmermann 2013).
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
   w05c_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman Forum
   w06a_Def pl count Ns in O position: can be bare No Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman Forum
+ w06b_Def pl count Ns in O position: must have an article Yes Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman Forum
  Words: gis na-a xaj y-i
  Gloss: see FIN-1S dog Ncl-DEF
  Translation: I saw the dogs
  Comment: See property definition. A definite article (-i), preceded by a noun class agreement marker (Ncl) is obligatory (cf. Tamba, Torrence, Zimmermann, 2013)
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
  Words: jàng na-a téére y-i
  Gloss: read FIN-1S book Ncl-DEF
  Translation: I read the books
  Comment: see property definition. A definite article (-i), preceded by a noun class agreement marker (Ncl) is obligatory (cf. Tamba, Torrence, Zimmermann, 2013)
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
   w06c_Def pl count Ns in O position: can have an article No Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman Forum