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Imbabura Quichua

General Info
  ISO 639-3 Code: qvi
  latlong: 0.233333,-78.266667  Map it!
Properties Values Contributor Comments  
+ 01_Subject Verb Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
  Contributor: UCLA Linguistics 210
   02_Verb Subject No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   03_Verb Object No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   04_Object Verb Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   05_Subject Verb Object No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   06_Subject Object Verb Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   07_Verb Subject Object No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   08_Verb Object Subject No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   09_Object Subject Verb No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   10_Object Verb Subject No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   11_Adposition Noun_Phrase No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   12_Noun_Phrase Adposition Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   13_Adjective Noun Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   14_Noun Adjective No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   15_Numeral Noun Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   16_Noun Numeral No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   17_Demonstrative Noun Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   18_Noun Demonstrative No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   19_Possessor Noun Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   20_Noun Possessor No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   21_Pronominal Possessor Noun Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   22_Noun Pronominal Possessor No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
+ A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
  Words: tunta warmi
  Gloss: silly.f woman
  Translation: 'silly woman'
  Comment: though the usual word for 'silly' is tunto, this adjective shows agreement with a feminine animate noun. The same is true of all adjectives borrowed from Spanish that end in -o in Spanish.
  Contributor: UCLA Linguistics 210
+ A 02_Predicate Adjective Agreement Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
  Words: wasi-kuna-ka jatun-guna-mi
  Gloss: house-pl-top big-pl-foc
  Translation: 'The houses are big'
  Comment: not clear that this is not 'The houses are big ones'....
  Contributor: UCLA Linguistics 210
   A 03_Degree Adjective Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   A 04_Adjective Degree No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   AuxSel 01_Auxiliary Selection No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   C 01_Complementizer Clause NA UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   C 02_Clause Complementizer NA UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   C 03_Adverbial_Subordinator Clause NA UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   C 04_Clause Adverbial Subordinator NA UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Extra Examples NA UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   N2 01_Numeral Noun (indefinite) Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   N2 02_Noun Numeral (indefinite) No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   N2 03_Numeral Noun (definite) Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   N2 04_Noun Numeral (definite) No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   N2 05_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a definite article No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   N2 06_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) has a demonstrative Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Demonstrative may be used; not obligatory. Forum
   N2 07_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) lacks a definite article or demonstrative No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   N2 08_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains a Plural marker, but Indefinite NP does not No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   N2 09_Definite NP (Num N, N Num) contains any other marking No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   N2 11_The Noun has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Neg 01_Standard Negation is Particle that Precedes the Verb Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Neg 02_Standard Negation is Particle that Follows the verb No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Neg 03_Standard Negation is Prefix No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Neg 04_Standard Negation is Suffix Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Neg 05_Standard Negation is Negative Auxiliary verb Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Neg 06_Standard Negation is Higher verb No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Neg 07_Standard Negation is Tone No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Neg 08_Standard Negation is Tone plus Other Modification No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Neg 09_Standard Negation is Reduplication No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Neg 10_Standard Negation is Infix No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Neg 11_Distinct Negation of Class/Property No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Neg 12_Distinct Negation of identity No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Neg 13_Distinct Negation of Existence No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Neg 14_Distinct Negation of Location No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Order N3 01_ Demonstrative Adjective Noun Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Order N3 02_Demonstrative Noun Adjective No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Order N3 04_Noun Demonstrative Adjective No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Order N3 05_Adjective Demonstrative Noun No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Order N3 06_Adjective Noun Demonstrative No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Order N3 07_Demonstrative Numeral Noun Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Order N3 08_Demonstrative Noun Numeral No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Order N3 09_ Noun Numeral Demonstrative No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Order N3 10_Noun Demonstrative Numeral No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Order N3 11_Numeral Demonstrative Noun No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Order N3 12_Numeral Noun Demonstrative No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q01_Initial polar Q-marker No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q02_Final polar Q-marker Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Suffix -chu in almost all questions, may follow verb or narrow focus phrase. Forum
   Q03_Clause internal polar Q-marker Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q04_Polar question by intonation No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q05_Polar question by V-fronting No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q06_Polar question by Auxiliary-fronting No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q07_Q-marker follows narrow focus Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Suffix -chu in almost all questions, may follow verb or narrow focus phrase. Forum
   Q08_Affirmative answer by particle Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q09_Affirmative answer by verb Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q10_Affirmative answer by auxiliary No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q11_Affirmative answer by auxiliary and verb Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q12_Affirmative answer by particle and verb Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q13_Affirmative answer by predicative 'be' No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q15_Particle-and-verb answer to indefinite subject question Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q16NEGA_Negative answer by special negative particle No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q17NEGA_Negative answer by bare sentential negation Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q19ANegQ_Truth-based confirmation No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q20ANegQ_Polarity-based confirmation Yes UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q21ANegQ_Polarity-reversing particle No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   Q22ANegQ_Polarity-reversing answer by affirmative and special particle No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   V2 01_Declarative Verb-Second No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   V2 02_Interrogative Verb-Second No UCLA Linguistics 210 Forum
   w01a_Indef mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Pam Munro Forum
   w01b_Indef mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Pam Munro Forum
   w01c_Indef mass Ns in O position: can have an article No Pam Munro Forum
+ w02a_Def mass Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Pam Munro Forum
  Words: Yakuta yalichimupay
  Gloss: WATER.acc PASS.causative.TO-ME.honorific.imp
  Translation: Pass me the water!
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
   w02b_Def mass Ns in O position: must have an article No Pam Munro Forum
+ w02c_Def mass Ns in O position: can have an article yes Pam Munro Forum
  Words: Chay yakuta yalichimupay
  Gloss: THAT WATER.acc PASS.causative.TO-ME.honorific.imp
  Translation: Pass me the water!
  Comment: Ok if you can't reach it.
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
   w03a_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Pam Munro Forum
   w03b_Indef sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No Pam Munro Forum
   w03c_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Pam Munro Forum
   w03d_Indef sing count Ns in O position: can have a plural reading Yes Pam Munro Forum
+ w04a_Def sing count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Pam Munro Forum
  Words: Ishkay jari wambrakunata shuj warmi wambratapash rikurkani. Warmi wambrataka kayarkanimi.
  Gloss: TWO MALE CHILD.pl.acc ONE FEMALE CHILD.acc.AND SEE.pst.1 FEMALE CHILD.acc.top CALL.pst.1.foc
  Translation: I saw two boys and a/one girl. I called to the girl.
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
   w04b_Def sing count Ns in O position: must have an article No Pam Munro Forum
+ w04c_Def sing count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Pam Munro Forum
  Words: Ishkay jari wambrakunata shuj warmi wambratapash rikurkani. Chay warmi wambrataka kayarkanimi.
  Gloss: TWO MALE CHILD.pl.acc ONE FEMALE CHILD.acc.AND SEE.pst.1 THAT FEMALE CHILD.acc.top CALL.pst.1.foc
  Translation: I saw two boys and a/one girl. I called to the girl
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
+ w05a_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Pam Munro Forum
  Words: Kaynaka librukunatami randirkani
  Gloss: Yesterday BOOK.pl.acc.foc BUY.pst.1
  Translation: Yesterday I bought books
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
   w05b_Indef pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Pam Munro Forum
+ w05c_Indef pl count Ns in O position: can have an article Yes Pam Munro Forum
  Words: Kaynaka shuj librukunatami randirkani
  Gloss: Yesterday ONE BOOK.pl.acc.foc BUY.pst.1
  Translation: Yesterday I bought books
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
+ w06a_Def pl count Ns in O position: can be bare Yes Pam Munro Forum
  Words: Ishkay jari wambrakunata shuj warmi wambratapash rikurkani. Jari wambrakunatami kayarkani.
  Gloss: TWO MALE CHILD.pl.acc ONE FEMALE CHILD.acc.AND SEE.pst.1 MALE CHILD.pl.acc.foc CALL.pst.1
  Translation: I saw two boys and a/one girl. I called to the boys
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
   w06b_Def pl count Ns in O position: must have an article No Pam Munro Forum
+ w06c_Def pl count Ns in O position: can have an article yes Pam Munro Forum
  Words: Ishkay jari wambrakunata shuj warmi wambratapash rikurkani. Chay jari wambrakunatami kayarkani.
  Gloss: TWO MALE CHILD.pl.acc ONE FEMALE CHILD.acc.AND SEE.pst.1 THAT MALE CHILD.pl.acc.foc CALL.pst.1
  Translation: I saw two boys and a/one girl. I called to the boys
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano