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A 04_Adjective Degree

Definition
The property Adjective Degree has the value "yes" when there is at least one degree word that can follow the adjective it modifies in a neutral context. As with all word order properties, we restrict our attention to productive word order patterns.

Definition of Degree Word

General Note on Word Order Properties:
A "yes" value for Adjective Degree does not exclude a "yes" value for Degree Adjective. In other words, a language could allow both orders in a neutral context.

NA (Not Applicable): NA for this property means the language does not have either adjectives or degree words that modify adjectives.

Examples:

1.
English is "yes" for Adjective Degree:

big enough, tall enough, rich enough

Even though the only degree word that can follow the adjective it modifies is "enough", we consider this to be a productive pattern, since "enough" can follow an unlimited number of adjectives.

2.
English is also "yes" for Degree Adjective:

very big, too big, so big, that big

In other words, English is "yes" for both the property Adjective Degree and the property Degree Adjective.

3.
Italian is "yes" for Adjective Degree

alto abbastanza
tall enough

3.
Italian is also "yes" for Degree Adjective:

molto alto,
very tall

troppo alto,
too tall

così alto,
this tall

tanto alto
much tall
"so tall"

4.
Japanese is "no" for the property Adjective Degree.

*ookii totemo
big very
"very big"

Contributed by: Andrea Cattaneo, Chris Collins, Jim Wood
Language Value Contributor Comments
   =Hoan Yes Chris Collins
   Acehnese Yes Julie Legate
+ Afrikaans Yes Theresa Biberauer
  Words: vroeg genoeg
  Gloss: early enough
  Translation: early enough
  Comment: "genoeg" is the only degree adverb that behaves in this way.
  Contributor: Theresa Biberauer
  Contributor: Chris Collins
   Agni indénié No Amoikon Dyhié ASSANVO
+ Akan-twi Yes AUGUSTINA OWUSU
  Words:  Obaa no yɛ keseɛ paa.
  Gloss: woman Def Cop big Deg
  Translation: The woman is very big
  Contributor: AUGUSTINA OWUSU
+ Albanian Yes Dalina Kallulli
  Words: një kopsht i madh shumë
  Gloss: a garden agr(M,SG) big very
  Translation:  a very big garden
  Contributor: Dalina Kallulli
   American Sign Language No Natasha Abner
   Amharic No Girma Demeke
   Ancient Greek No Richard Faure
+ Arabic, Gulf Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos
  Words: Ahmed qaraa keteb mufeed-ah wayed
  Gloss: Ahmed read.PST book-PL useful-3 very
  Translation: Ahmed read very useful books
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   Armenian (Eastern) No Sona Haroutyunian
   Babanki NA Pius Akumbu The adjective reduplicates.
   Bafut NA Pius Tamanji
   Bajau, West Coast Yes Mark Miller
   Bambara Yes Bryan Villa
   Bandial NA Wolfgang Berndt
   Bardi Yes Claire Bowern Coding depends on the status of the item gija "very", which tends to cliticize to the adj.
+ Basaa Yes Paul Roger Bassong
  Words: malêt a ye n-lâm ndèk
  Gloss: 1teacher 1SM be AGR-nice a little
  Translation: the teacher is a bit nice
  Comment: This is marginally acceptable. (Perhaps a question mark?)
  Contributor: Paul Roger Bassong
   Basque Yes Karlos Arregi
+ Bellinzonese Yes Andrea Cattaneo
  Words: Al Mario l=è grand asée
  Gloss: the Mario he=be.PRS.3SG tall enough
  Translation: Mario is tall enough.
  Contributor: Andrea Cattaneo
  Words: La porta l=è larga asée
  Gloss: the door it=be.PRS.3SG wide.F.SG enough
  Translation: The door is wide enough.
  Contributor: Andrea Cattaneo
  Words: La Maria l=è una bèla dona
  Gloss: the Mary she=be.PRS.3SG a pretty woman
  Translation: Mary is a pretty woman.
  Contributor: Andrea Cattaneo
   Beng Yes Denis Paperno
+ Bole Yes Alhaji Gimba
  Words: (1) dalinta rankata (2) dole rankata
  Gloss: (1) sweet very (2) small very
  Translation: (1) very sweet (2) very small
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
+ Brazilian Portuguese Yes Bruna Moreira
  Words: alto o bastante
  Translation: tall enough
  Contributor: Bruna Moreira
  Words: Não sei se a chuva vai parar
  Gloss: NEG know.PRS.1SG if the.F rain go.FUT.3SG stop.INF
  Translation: I don't know if the rain will stop
  Contributor: Bruna Moreira
+ Breton Yes Steve Hewitt
  Words: bras a-walc'h
  Gloss: big enough
  Translation: big enough
  Contributor: Steve Hewitt
   Bulgarian No Mike Taylor
   Burgenland-Romani No Michelle McComb
   Burmese No Timothy Ho
   Calabrian (Northern) Yes Giuseppina Silvestri
+ Cantonese (Guangzhou) Yes Zixian Qiu
  Words: keoi leng gwotau
  Gloss: (s)he beautiful excessively/too much
  Translation: (S)He is excessively beautiful.
  Contributor: Zixian Qiu
   Catalan Yes Txuss Martin
+ Chalcatongo Mixtec Yes Jess Combs
  Words: Tɨnɨ sãã ñaziu ni-ka-kíi xináʔa
  Gloss: Various many people CP-PL-come.and.return plural
  Translation: ‘Many people came (and left)’
  Contributor: Jess Combs
   Chichewa Yes Sam Mchombo
   Chickasaw NA Pam Munro
   Chol No Jessica Coon
+ Cypriot Greek No Marios Andreou
  Words: *Enan prasinon polla vivlion.
  Gloss: a green very book.
  Translation: A very green book.
  Contributor: Marios Andreou
   Czech No Peter Kosta * velký dost 'big enough', *malý hodnĕ 'little much', *známý dostatečně 'well known enough'
+ Dagaare Yes Adams Bodomo
  Words: a koO tolEE la yaga
  Gloss: def water hot foc plenty
  Translation: The water is very hot
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
   Danish Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Dholuo No Hilda Koopman
+ Dida Lakota (diéko) Yes Gohon Fabienne Stéphanie Attéby
  Words: ɔ̍ ŋɔ̰́ bà mā̰mā̰
  Gloss: 3.SG.POSS wife lazy very/too
  Translation: his wife is very/too lazy
  Comment: ALS4 workshop 2016
  Contributor: Gohon Fabienne Stéphanie Attéby
+ Digo Yes Steve Nicolle
  Words: Muhi huno ni m-kulu muno.
  Gloss: CL3.tree CL3.DEM COP CL3-large DEG
  Translation: This tree is extremely large.
  Comment: Can also mean: This tree is too large.
  Contributor: Steve Nicolle
   Digor Ossetic No David Erschler
+ Dutch Yes Hilda Koopman
  Words: Een groot genoeg huis
  Gloss: A big enough house
  Translation: A big enough house.
  Contributor: Hilda Koopman
  Words:  Zij hebben een groot genoeg huis/ (?)Zij wonen in [groot genoeg]-e huizen / **Ze wonen in grot-e genoeg huizen
  Gloss: They have a big enough house/ ? They live in [big enough]-AGR houses/ **They live in [big]-e enough houses
  Translation: big enough houses
  Comment: With singular Ns [a groot genoeg huis] ('a big enough house' is fine. With plural nouns, forcing the agreement to appear lead to speaker variability in acceptablility. Some accept,some reject agreement following the adjectival phrase (behaving like a phrasal affix). I am unaware of any speakers allowing the Agr on the adjective. It is clear where the agreement would go (after the AP). This shows that adjectival agreement in Dutch is a phrasal affix/clitic, and not an inflectional category on the A. This s
  Contributor: Hilda Koopman
   Eastern Armenian No Karine Megerdoomian
+ English Yes Chris Collins
  Words: He is tall enough
  Gloss: He is tall enough
  Translation: He is tall enough
  Contributor: Chris Collins
   English (Singapore) Yes Adam Chong
   European Portuguese No Salvador Mascarenhas
   Ewe Not Yet Set Chris Collins
   Farefari NA Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu
   Faroese No Gunnar Hrafn Hrafnbjargarson
+ Fijian Yes Zhenyu Sun
  Words: e drēdrē SARA
  Gloss: 3S hard INT
  Translation: 'it's very difficult'
  Comment: P290 the usage of SARA as an intensifier is very versatile.
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
   Finnish No Anders Holmberg
   French No Chris Collins
   Frisian (West Frisian) Yes Jarich Hoekstra
   Ga NA Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu
   galician No Naír García
   georgian No Lea Nash
   German Yes Martin Haspelmath
+ Ghɔmáĺá' Yes Francine Moguo
  Words: puŋ tə' / jɔ́m tə' / kɔ́k tâtʃjə́
  Gloss: nice too/ big too/small very
  Translation: too nice/too big/very small
  Contributor: Francine Moguo
   Gothic Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Greek No Arhonto Terzi
  Words: *Ena megalo arketa spiti
  Gloss: a big enough house
  Translation: a big enough house
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
   Greek (Cappadocian) No Petros Karatsareas
   Greek (Homer) No Cristina Guardiano
   Greek (Medieval) No Io Manolessou
   Greenlandic, West (Kalaallisut) No Stephen Mayeaux
   Guébie Yes Hannah Sande
+ Gungbe (Porto-Novo) Yes Enoch Oladé Aboh
  Words: àwù yù crúcrú
  Gloss: shirt black dark
  Translation: a very black shirt
  Contributor: Enoch Oladé Aboh
   Gurene Yes Samuel Atintono
   Haitian No Michel DeGraff
+ Hanga Yes Geoffrey Hunt
  Words: o ba waliwali ga
  Gloss: he is naughty very
  Comment: Adjectives used as complements are distinct from the word-forming adjectives
  Contributor: Geoffrey Hunt
   Hausa NA Michael A. Estrada
+ Hebrew Yes Ur Shlonsky
  Words: gadol me'od
  Gloss: big very
  Translation: very big
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ Hebrew (Biblical) Yes Massimo Gargiulo
  Words: gadol me'od (Ex 11,3)
  Gloss: great.ADJ very.ADV
  Translation: very great
  Contributor: Massimo Gargiulo
+ Hindi Yes Gurprit Bains predicative use and in infinitival purposive clauses. See examples
  Words:  laRkaa lambaa kaafi hai
  Gloss:  boy tall enough is
  Translation: The boy is tall enough.
  Contributor: Gurprit Bains
  Words:  laRkaa seb toRne ke-liye lambaa kaafi hai
  Gloss:  boy apple plucking poss-for tall enough is
  Translation: The boy is tall enough to pluck the apple.
  Comment: Adjective degree can take a purposive infinitival/gerundive Complement.
  Contributor: Gurprit Bains
   Hittite NA Mattyas Huggard
+ Hixkaryana Yes Laura Kalin
  Words: karyhe rmahaxa
  Gloss: fast very
  Translation: very fast
  Comment: (Derbyshire 1985:p. 27)
  Contributor: Laura Kalin
+ Hungarian No Anna Szabolcsi
  Contributor: Anna Szabolcsi
   Ibibio Yes Willie Willie
+ Icelandic No Jim Wood
  Words: Þessi bók
  Gloss: This.NOM.SG.F book.NOM.SG.F
  Translation: This book
  Comment: From Thráinsson (2007:11)
  Contributor: Jim Wood
  Words: Bíllinn er (nógu) stór (*nógu)
  Gloss: car.the.NOM is.3SG enough big.M.SG.NOM enough
  Translation: The car is big enough
  Contributor: Gunnar Hrafn Hrafnbjargarson
  Words: Kom Ólafur seint heim
  Gloss: Came Ólafur late home
  Translation: Olaf came home late.
  Comment: This is a marked word order known as Narrative Inversion, commonly occurring after coordinating conjunctions. The above sentence is from Sigurðsson 1990 (In Maling & Zaenen Eds. Modern Icelandic Syntax )
  Contributor: Jim Wood
  Words: Óvinur-inn var hrakinn á brott (af varnarlið-inu)
  Gloss: enemy-the.M.SG.NOM be.PST.1SG driven.M.SG.on away (by defence.force-the.N.SG.DAT)
  Translation: The enemy was driven away by the defence force.
  Comment: Lexical/Semantic case is preserved under passivization, while structural case is not. Example from Thráinsson 2007.
  Contributor: Jim Wood
   Iha Yes Mark Donohue
+ Ilokano Yes Jeremy Rafal
  Words: nalami-is unay
  Gloss: cold very
  Translation: very cold
  Comment: Can intensify adjectives with a set of adverbial clitics
  Contributor: Jeremy Rafal
   imbabura quichua No UCLA Linguistics 210
+ Indonesian Yes Mark Donohue
  Words: besar sekali
  Gloss: large very
  Translation: very large
  Contributor: Daniel Kaufman
   Irish No Bridget Nixdorf
   Iron Ossetic No David Erschler
+ Italian Yes Andrea Cattaneo (but see comment on the example)
  Words: alto abbastanza (per prendere il libro)
  Gloss: tall enough (to take the book)
  Translation: tall enough (to take the book)
  Comment: in this order there is a feeling of ellipsis. There is no such feeling in the preadjectival position, where abbastanza would correspond to 'rather'(rather tall)
  Contributor: Hilda Koopman
   Italian (Napoletano Antico) Yes Adam Ledgeway
   Italian (Reggiano) Yes Giovanni Roversi
   Japanese No Ken Hiraiwa
   Jarawara Not Yet Set Alan Vogel
   Jingulu NA Rob Pensalfini
   K'iche' Yes Pam Munro
   Karachay Yes Steve Seegmiller
   Kashaya No John Gluckman
+ Khasi Yes Gracious Temsen
  Words: u-kʰe:w u-ba-hɛʔ bʰa
  Gloss: m-pot 3ms-adjm-big Intsf
  Translation: "A very big pot"
  Contributor: Gracious Temsen
   KiLega Yes Kasangati Kinyalolo
   Kinande Yes Patricia Schneider-Zioga and Philip Mutaka
   Kindendeule Yes Deo Ngonyani
   Kiswahili Yes Aggrey Wasike
   Kiyaka No Lukowa Kidima
   Kom No Richard Kwamong
   Konni Yes Michael Cahill
+ Korean No Chung-hye Han
  Contributor: Chris Collins
   Kuot Yes Eva Lindström e.g. with məset 'well, very'
   Kurdish (Sorani) No Yadgar Karimi
   Laal NA Florian Lionnet
+ Lango Yes Arwa Rangwala
  Words: àtíê ánwòŋŋò tɛ̂k tùtwàl
  Gloss: 1SG.be.PRES.HAB 1SG.find.PROG hard very
  Translation: I'm finding it very hard (Noonan 1992: 183 ex. 2.)
  Contributor: Arwa Rangwala
   Lani Yes Mark Donohue
   Lao Yes Alif Silpachai
   Latin Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Latin (Late) Yes Chiara Gianollo
  Words: iter eremi arenosum valde
  Gloss: way:ACC desert:GEN sandy:ACC very
  Translation: '(we took) a very sandy way through the desert'
  Comment: (Itin. Eg. 6.29) - Itin. Eg. = Itinerarium Egeriae, 4th cent. CE, electronic LLT-A edition (=CCSL 175, P. Geyer / O. Cuntz, 1965, p. 37-90).
  Contributor: Chiara Gianollo
   Lebanese Arabic Yes Lina Choueiri
   Lubukusu Yes Aggrey Wasike
   Mada Yes Bebey Théodore
+ Malagasy Yes Ed Keenan and Laura Kalin
  Words: Lava be Rabe
  Gloss: tall much Rabe
  Translation: Rabe is very tall
  Contributor: Ed Keenan and Laura Kalin
  Words: ireo trano lehibe ireo
  Gloss: DEM.PL house big DEM.PL
  Translation: these big houses
  Comment: The demonstrative here forces a plural interpretation of the noun phrase, and as can be seen, the adjective does not change to agree with the plural noun.
  Contributor: Ed Keenan and Laura Kalin
+ Mandarin yes Arthur Wang
  Words: mei jile
  Gloss: beautiful extremely
  Translation: extremely beautiful
  Contributor: Zixian Qiu
+ Maori Yes Ray Harlow
  Words: pakeke rawa
  Gloss: difficult intens
  Translation: ‘very difficult’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
   Marshallese NA Heather Willson Sturman
+ Masarak Yes Jessica Chen
  Words: daʊd bɪno kədu nijɛmbo t-aij-a
  Gloss: Daowd shirt.SG big/wide very 3SG-put on-PST
  Translation: ‘Daowd put on a very big shirt’
  Contributor: Jessica Chen
   Mbuko NA Richard Gravina
+ Medumba Yes KEUPDJIO HERMANN SIDOINE
  Words: ɣ́? nʉ̀ʃú
  Gloss: big very
  Translation: very big
  Contributor: KEUPDJIO HERMANN SIDOINE
+ Middle Dutch Yes Gertjan Postma
  Words: Een cledekijn diere ghenouch
  Gloss: a cloth.DIM dear enough
  Translation: a rather precious small robe
  Comment: only with 'ghenoegh'; only with post-nominal and predictive adjectives (adverbs)
  Contributor: Gertjan Postma
   Miya Not Yet Set Michael A. Estrada
+ Moroccan Arabic Yes Arwa Rangwala
  Words: el.makla ktiira bizzaaf liy.ya
  Gloss: DEF.food much a lot for.me
  Translation: ‘the food is too much for me’ = ‘this is too much food for me’
  Contributor: Arwa Rangwala
   Moskona Yes Gloria Gravelle
+ Muyang Yes Bebey Théodore
  Words: Zebal ɗalɗal
  Gloss: tall very
  Translation: very tall
  Contributor: Bebey Théodore
   Nahuatl (Central Huasteca) Yes John Garcia
   Nahuatl (Classical) No John Garcia
+ Nawdm Yes Hannah Kim
  Words: dgì Nàː lə gó
  Gloss: soup water little CM
  Translation: 'watery soup' (13).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
  Words: déːté bɛ̀ jáːrə̀m hálè
  Gloss: food be salt very
  Translation: 'The food is very salty' (13).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   nda'nda' No Christelle Niguieu Toukam and Bertille Baron ALS4 workshop 2016
   Neapolitan Yes Giuseppe Samo
   Nepali No Mark Donohue
   Northern Thai Yes Alif Silpachai
   Norwegian Yes Marit Julien
+ Nupe NA Jason Kandybowicz
  Words: Musa tó kun.
  Gloss: Musa tall sufficient
  Translation: Musa is tall enough.
  Comment: *Musa kun tó. Note: tó is a verb.
  Contributor: Jason Kandybowicz
   Nweh Not Yet Set Hilda Koopman
+ Occitan No Patrick Sauzet
  Words: fòrça polit
  Gloss: very beautiful
  Translation: very beautiful
  Comment: another common words for "very": plan
  Contributor: Patrick Sauzet
  Words: pro polit
  Gloss: enough beautiful
  Translation: beautiful enough
  Comment: in Old Occitan the construction polit assatz : "beautiful enough" was possible
  Contributor: Patrick Sauzet
   Odia (Oriya) Yes Rajat Mohanty
   Okinawan No Ken Hiraiwa
+ Old English Yes Willem Koopman
  Words: synne genoh
  Gloss: sins enough
  Translation: "enough sins"
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
   Old French No Heather Burnett
+ Old Norse Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
  Words: gott mjǫk
  Gloss: good very
  Translation: very good
  Comment: The forms mjǫk (very), vel (well), betr (better), bezt (best) follow the noun. See property A 03.
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Old Saxon No George Walkden Although Old Saxon has the adjective ginôg 'enough', it is not attested as a degree modifier to an adjective in the Heliand.
   Oluwanga Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos
+ Oluwanga (Eji) Yes Ceciliane Odangah
  Words: I-ngubo i-khongo kho
  Gloss: 9-dress 9-big very
  Translation: A very big dress
  Contributor: Ceciliane Odangah
+ One Yes Mark Donohue
  Words: mala napo mo'a
  Gloss: child big very
  Translation: 'very big child'
  Comment: mo'a is only used with positive degrees; it is identical to mo'a 'mother'. For negative degrees, aula 'son' is used: mala firi aula 'very small child'
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
  Words: mala napo mo'a
  Gloss: child big very
  Translation: 'very big child'
  Comment: mo'a is only used with positive degrees; it is identical to mo'a 'mother'. For negative degrees, aula 'son' is used: mala firi aula 'very small child'
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
   Palue Yes Mark Donohue
   panjabi Yes Gurprit Bains
   Papuan Malay Yes Mark Donohue
   Pashto No Taylor Roberts
   Pima No Marcus Smith
   Polish No Barbara Tomaszewicz
+ Portuguese Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
  Words: Bonito o bastante
  Gloss: beautiful.M the.M.SG enough
  Translation: Beautiful enough
  Comment: Possible only with a couple words.
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Q'anjob'al No Kathleen O'Flynn
+ Romanian No Oana Savescu
  Words: *mare prea
  Gloss: big too
  Translation: too big
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
  Words: *mare destul de
  Gloss: big enough of
  Translation: big enough
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
+ Russian No Stephanie Harves
  Words: *Èta kniga interesnaja dostatočno.
  Gloss: this book interesting enough
  Translation: This book is interesting enough.
  Contributor: Stephanie Harves
   Salasaca Quichua No Pieter Muysken
   Samoan Yes Vincent Homer
   Sandawe Yes Helen Eaton
   Saramaccan Yes Tonjes Veenstra
   Scottish Gaelic No David Adger
   Senaya No Laura McPherson
   Serbian No Miloje Despic
+ Shupamem No Abdoulaye Laziz Nchare
  Words: *ngbam nda pam run
  Gloss: big very bag full
  Translation: A very big bag is full.
  Comment: Degree modifiers precede adjectives.
  Contributor: Abdoulaye Laziz Nchare
+ Sicilian Yes Cristina Guardiano
  Words: Gjovànni è jàutu assài
  Gloss: John is tall very
  Translation: John is very tall
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
   Skou Yes Mark Donohue
   Slovenian No Franc Marušič
+ Spanish No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: *Este libro está caro bien
  Gloss: this.M book be.PRS.3SG expensive.M very
  Translation: Intended: This book is very expensive
  Comment: The degree word can ony precede the adjective (see Degree Adjective)
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ Swedish Yes fredrik heinat
  Words: vägen är bred nog -- rak tillräckligt
  Gloss: road.DEF is broad enough -- straight enough
  Translation: the road is broad enough -- straight enough
  Comment: Only these two adjectives occur after predicative adjectives. They are disprefered after attributive adjectives.
  Contributor: fredrik heinat
  Words: ?en bred nog väg -- *en bred tillräckligt väg
  Gloss: a broad enough road -- a broad enough road
  Translation: a road broad enough
  Contributor: fredrik heinat
   Swiss German Yes Cecile Meier
+ Tagalog No Edith Aldridge
  Words: ?*ma-ganda-ng lalo
  Gloss: ADJ-beauty-LNK more
  Translation: (for, 'more beautiful')
  Contributor: Daniel Kaufman
+ Taiwanese Southern Min No Arthur Wang
  Words: *toa chiok
  Gloss: big very
  Translation: very big
  Contributor: Arthur Wang
+ Teramano Yes Iara Mantenuto
  Words: Mariə e addə assi
  Gloss: Mario is tall very
  Translation: Mario is very tall
  Contributor: Iara Mantenuto
   Thai Yes Peter Jenks
   Tigre No Zhenyu Sun
   Titan No Claire Bowern
   Tiwa No Virginia Dawson
+ Tlingit No James Crippen
  Words: ḵúnáx̱ aakʼé
  Gloss: very good
  Translation: very good
  Comment: This is not accepted by some speakers, who prefer the verb « yakʼéi » “it.is.good” instead of the adjective. True adjectives are a very small, restricted class in Tlingit.
  Contributor: James Crippen
  Words: cháatl xookw
  Gloss: halibut dry
  Translation: dried halibut
  Comment: There are probably only five postnominal adjectives in Tlingit: _ tlein "large, big", _ kʼátskʼu "small, little", _ yádi "childlike, small", _ xookw “dry", _ ḵ'áatl' "thin (flat obj.)".
  Contributor: James Crippen
   Tommo-So No Laura McPherson
   Tongan Yes Hilda Koopman
+ Triqui, Copala Yes George Aaron Broadwell
  Words: sayuun noco̱o ndo'o
  Gloss: problem big very
  Translation: 'a/the very big problem
  Contributor: George Aaron Broadwell
   Tukang Besi No Mark Donohue
+ Tuki (Tukombo) No Edmond Biloa A lexical item must be of category V to allow a degree; this ordering is possible but only with the use of "adjective verbs."
  Words: Putá a- banga- ḿ na sáási
  Gloss: Puta SM- be.big- IND with enough
  Translation: Puta is big enough
  Comment: The language resorts to "adjective verbs/predicate adjectives" to express degree.
  Contributor: Edmond Biloa
+ Tupi (Ancient) Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
  Words: Tupã sy-porang-eté
  Gloss: God mother-beautiful-very
  Comment: (The) very beautiful mother of god
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Turkish No Volkan Tümer
  Contributor: Volkan Tümer
+ Tuvan Yes Brian Hsu
  Words: ulug aarak
  Gloss: big rather
  Translation: rather big
  Contributor: Brian Hsu
   Twi Yes Cansada Martin
   Ukrainian No Roksolana Mykhaylyk
   Vata NA Hilda Koopman
+ Vietnamese Yes Jimmy Nguyen
  Words: Bánh ngon thiệt.
  Gloss: Pastry delicious really
  Translation: The pastry is really delicious.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
+ Vlaški-Žejanski-Istro-Romanian No Zvjezdana Vrzic
  Words: *mušåt jåko (*mušåt ćåro)
  Translation: very nice
  Contributor: Zvjezdana Vrzic
+ Warlpiri Yes Margit Bowler Augmentative morphemes are suffixes.
  Words: ngurrju-nyayirni
  Gloss: good-AUG
  Translation: very good
  Contributor: Margit Bowler
   Welsh Yes David Willis
+ West Flemish Yes Liliane Haegeman
  Words: een groot genoeg huis
  Gloss: a big enough house
  Translation: a big enough house
  Comment: This examples is marginal for me
  Contributor: Liliane Haegeman
  Words: dien-en tekst is lange genoeg
  Gloss: that-masc-sg text is long enough
  Translation: 'that text is long enough'
  Comment: the final -e on lang is not an inflection
  Contributor: Liliane Haegeman
   Western Armenian No Hrayr Khanjian
   Wolane No Hannah Kim
   Wolof Yes Harold Torrence
   Wuhu Chinese Yes Zhuo Chen
   Xhosa Yes Xiujie Ma
   Yémba Yes Elsie Mawamba
+ Yiddish Yes Shannon Mooney
  Words: jidis-er
  Gloss: jewish-(comparative)
  Translation: "more Jewish"
  Contributor: Shannon Mooney
   Yoruba Yes Johnson Folorunso Ilori
   Zulu Yes Claire Halpert