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Order N3 03_ Noun Adjective Demonstrative

Definition
The value of the property Noun Adjective Demonstrative is "yes" for a language when this order is found in a neutral context. As with all word order properties, we restrict our attention to productive word order patterns.

Definition of Demonstrative

General Note on Word Order Properties:
A "yes" value for the property Noun Adjective Demonstrative does not exclude a "yes" value for other orders of these categories.

NA (Not Applicable): NA for this property means that the language has either no demonstratives or no nouns or no adjectives.

Examples:

1.
English is "no" for Noun Adjective Demonstrative, since the order is always ungrammatical:

*books red these
(* means ungrammatical)

2.
Hebrew is "yes" for this property:

bayit nexmad ze
house nice that
"that nice house"

ha-bayit ha-nexmad ha-ze
the-house the-nice the-that
"that nice house"

Contributed by: Andrea Cattaneo, Chris Collins, Jim Wood
Language Value Contributor Comments
+ =Hoan Yes Chris Collins
  Words: ù xà ’a cı́ ʘ’ú jȁ ha
  Gloss: 2SG QF PROG see duiker male this
  Translation: “Do you see this male duiker?” (Collins and Gruber: 146).
  Comment: The examples are from the grammar by Collins, Chris and Gruber, Jeff. 2012. A Grammar of ǂHȍã.
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   Acehnese Yes Julie Legate
   Afrikaans No Theresa Biberauer
+ Agni indénié Yes Amoikon Dyhié ASSANVO
  Words: blà pà kà
  Gloss: femme aimable ce…ci
  Translation: Cette belle femme ci.
  Contributor: Amoikon Dyhié ASSANVO
  Words: blà pà sɔ́nɛ̰̀
  Gloss: femme aimable ce…là
  Translation: Cette belle femme là.
  Comment: Le morphème du démonstratif [sɔ́] s’associe au défini [nɛ̰́ ] pour assumer le rôle de déterminant.
  Contributor: Amoikon Dyhié ASSANVO
+ Albanian No Dalina Kallulli
  Words: *(një) libër i bukur ky
  Gloss: CL,DAT is(ADM) (a) book agr good this
  Translation: this good book
  Comment: This is fine if rendered as ‘A good one, this book!
  Contributor: Dalina Kallulli
   Amharic No Girma Demeke
   Ancient Greek No Richard Faure
   Arabic, Gulf Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos
+ Armenian (Eastern) No Sona Haroutyunian
  Words: *ark'an eritasard ayd
  Gloss: king young that
  Contributor: Sona Haroutyunian
   Aymara No Matt Coler
+ Bafut Yes Pius Tamanji
  Words: ntɔ́lɔ́ŋ yímfù’ù wíì
  Gloss: flower white that
  Translation: That white flower
  Contributor: Pius Tamanji
   Bajau, West Coast Yes Mark Miller
+ Bambara Yes Bryan Villa
  Words: mobili belebele ninw
  Gloss: car big this.PL
  Translation: These big cars
  Comment: FROM BB 136
  Contributor: Bryan Villa
   Bandial No Wolfgang Berndt
   Bardi Yes Claire Bowern
+ Basaa Yes Paul Roger Bassong
  Words: í mambↄ́t ma-lâm máná
  Gloss: DEF 8garments AGR-nice AGR.DEM.PROX.
  Translation:  ‘These nice garments (here)’
  Comment: DEF-N-ADJ-DEM is the normal noun phrase. (example entered for Paul Roger Bassong)
  Contributor: Hyo Shin
   Basque Yes Karlos Arregi
+ Bellinzonese No Andrea Cattaneo
  Words: * Ò töi libru ross chesctu
  Gloss: have.AUX.PRS.1 buy.PTCP book red this yesterday
  Translation: I bought this red book yesterday.
  Contributor: Andrea Cattaneo
   Beng Yes Denis Paperno
   Bengali No Priyanka Biswas
+ Bole Yes Alhaji Gimba
  Words: bono-n poyo ama
  Gloss: house-GEN linker new that
  Translation: that new house
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
   Brazilian Portuguese No Bruna Moreira
   Breton Yes Steve Hewitt
   Bulgarian No Ljuba Veselinova
   Burmese No Timothy Ho
   Calabrian (Northern) No Giuseppina Silvestri
   Cantonese (Guangzhou) No Zixian Qiu
   Catalan No Txuss Martin
   Chichewa Yes Sam Mchombo
   Chickasaw NA Pam Munro Chickasaw does not have adjectives, per se, only stative verbs. However, when a noun is followed by a stative verb used as a modifier, a demonstrative will follow that sequence.
   Chol No Jessica Coon
+ Cypriot Greek No Marios Andreou
  Words: *ta vivlia ta prasina tuta
  Gloss: the books the green these
  Translation: These green books.
  Contributor: Marios Andreou
   Czech No Pavel Caha
+ Dagaare Yes Adams Bodomo
  Words: a gan-kpong nyE
  Gloss: def book-big this
  Translation: This big book
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
   Danish No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Dholuo Yes Hilda Koopman
+ Dida Lakota (diéko) Yes Gohon Fabienne Stéphanie Attéby
  Words: ju̍ nɛ́nɪ̍ lj́ɔ̍
  Gloss: child beautiful DEM
  Translation: this beautiful child
  Comment: ALS4 workshop 2016
  Contributor: Gohon Fabienne Stéphanie Attéby
   Digo No Steve Nicolle
   Digor Ossetic No David Erschler
   Dutch No Hilda Koopman
   Eastern Armenian No Karine Megerdoomian
   English No Chris Collins
   English (Singapore) No Adam Chong
   European Portuguese No Salvador Mascarenhas
   Ewe Yes Chris Collins
   Farefari Yes Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu
   Faroese No Gunnar Hrafn Hrafnbjargarson
   Finnish No Anders Holmberg
   French No Chris Collins
   Frisian (West Frisian) No Jarich Hoekstra
+ Ga Yes Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu
  Words: gbekɛ̃ bibioo nɛ́!ɛ́
  Gloss: child small DEM.DEF
  Translation: that small child
  Comment: DEF is required
  Contributor: Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu
   galician No Naír García
   Garifuna No Pam Munro
   georgian No Lea Nash
   German No Martin Haspelmath
+ Greek No Arhonto Terzi
  Words: *to vivlio to kokino afto
  Gloss: the book the red this
  Translation: this red book
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
  Words: *to vivlio to kokino afto
  Gloss: the book the red this
  Translation: this red book
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
   Greek (Calabria) No Cristina Guardiano
   Greek (Cappadocian) No Petros Karatsareas
   Greek (Homer) Yes Cristina Guardiano
   Greek (Medieval) Yes Io Manolessou
   Greek (Pontic) No Cristina Guardiano and Dimitris Michelioudakis
+ Greenlandic, West (Kalaallisut) Yes Stephen Mayeaux
  Words: qimmi-t qaqurtu-t marluk taakku
  Gloss: dog-PL white-PL two those
  Translation: ‘those two white dogs’
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
   Guébie Yes Hannah Sande
+ Gungbe (Porto-Novo) Yes Enoch Oladé Aboh
  Words: távò dàxó éhè
  Gloss: table big this
  Translation: this big table
  Contributor: Enoch Oladé Aboh
  Words: távò dàxó éhè
  Gloss: table big this
  Translation: This big table
  Contributor: Enoch Oladé Aboh
   Gurene Yes Samuel Atintono
   Haitian Yes Michel DeGraff
   Hakka No Iris Wu
   Hanga Yes Geoffrey Hunt
   Hausa No Michael A. Estrada
+ Hebrew Yes Ur Shlonsky
  Words: degel adom ze
  Gloss: flag red this
  Translation: this red flag
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ Hebrew (Biblical) Yes Massimo Gargiulo
  Words: hammar'eh haggadol haze (Ex 3,3)
  Gloss: the.ART-sight the.ART-ADJ the.ART-DEM
  Translation: the-sight the-great the-this "this great sight"
  Contributor: Massimo Gargiulo
   Hindi No Gurprit Bains
   Hittite No Mattyas Huggard
+ Hixkaryana NA Laura Kalin
  Comment: There are demonstrative pronouns in Hixkaryana (Derbyshire 1985:p. 7) but no demonstratives that co-occur with a noun (p. 26).
  Contributor: Laura Kalin
   Hungarian No Anna Szabolcsi
   Ibibio No Willie Willie
   Icelandic No Jim Wood
   Igala Yes Johnson Folorunso Ilori
   Igbo Yes Mary Amaechi
   Iha Yes Mark Donohue
   Ilokano No Jeremy Rafal
   imbabura quichua No UCLA Linguistics 210
   Indonesian Yes Mark Donohue
   Iron Ossetic No David Erschler
   Isbukun Bunun No Iris Wu
   Italian No Andrea Cattaneo
   Italian (Napoletano Antico) No Adam Ledgeway
   Italian (Reggiano) No Giovanni Roversi
   Jamaican Creole English No Stephanie Durrleman
   Japanese No Ken Hiraiwa
   Jarawara Yes Alan Vogel
   Jingulu NA Rob Pensalfini
   K'iche' No Pam Munro
   Karachay No Steve Seegmiller
   Kayan Yes Ken Manson
   Khasi No Gracious Temsen
   KiLega No Kasangati Kinyalolo
   Kinande Yes Patricia Schneider-Zioga and Philip Mutaka
   Kiswahili Yes Aggrey Wasike
   Kiyaka No Lukowa Kidima
+ Kom Yes Richard Kwamong
  Words: mIvIl In- jòfInI meyn
  Gloss: oil agr good this
  Translation: this good oil
  Contributor: Richard Kwamong
   Konni Yes Michael Cahill
   Korean No Chung-hye Han
   Kuot No Eva Lindström
   Kurdish (Sorani) No Yadgar Karimi
   Kusaal Yes Hasiyatu Abubakari
   Kusunda No Mark Donohue
   Laal NA Florian Lionnet
+ Lango Yes Arwa Rangwala
  Words: gwôkk à dwóŋŋɪ̀
  Gloss: dog ATT big.SG-this
  Translation: this big dog (Noonan 1992: 155 ex. 2.)
  Contributor: Arwa Rangwala
   Lani Yes Mark Donohue
   Lao Yes Alif Silpachai
   Latin No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Latin (Late) Yes Chiara Gianollo
  Words: deductores sancti illi, qui nobiscum erant
  Gloss: guides:NOM holy:NOM those:NOM, who:NOM we:DAT=with be:IPFV.3PL
  Translation: 'those holy guides, who were with us'
  Comment: (Itin. Eg. 1.2) less frequent than patterns with pre-N demonstrative; Itin. Eg. = Itinerarium Egeriae, 4th cent. CE, electronic LLT-A edition (=CCSL 175, P. Geyer / O. Cuntz, 1965, p. 37-90).
  Contributor: Chiara Gianollo
   Lebanese Arabic Yes Lina Choueiri
   Lithuanian No Felix Thies
   Lubukusu Yes Aggrey Wasike
   Maasai (Kisongo) No Hilda Koopman
   Mada Yes Bebey Théodore
+ Malagasy Yes Ed Keenan and Laura Kalin
  Words: ity boky mena ity
  Gloss: DEM.close book red DEM.close
  Translation: this red book
  Comment: Each of the seven demonstratives in Malagasy must frame the noun phrase it is qualifying. As seen here, the demonstrative 'ity' appears both before the noun phrase and after. Very occasionally, the second demonstrative is absent.
  Contributor: Ed Keenan and Laura Kalin
   Malayalam No Mythili Menon
   Mandarin No Arthur Wang
   Maori No Ray Harlow
+ Marshallese Yes Heather Willson Sturman
  Words: ļeo e=ar jek wa aettok kaņ.
  Gloss: the.man 3SG.AGR=PST make boat long those
  Translation: The man made those long boats.
  Contributor: Heather Willson Sturman
+ Masarak Yes Jessica Chen
  Words: tiː kitɑp duɡi ɡi t-ol-ɑ
  Gloss: 3SG book black DEM.SG 3SG-stole-PST
  Translation: ‘He borrowed this black book’
  Contributor: Jessica Chen
   Mbuko Yes Richard Gravina
+ Medumba Yes KEUPDJIO HERMANN SIDOINE
  Words: zwə́ fɔ́ktə́p jʉ́n lī
  Gloss: this white cloth this
  Translation: this white cloth
  Contributor: KEUPDJIO HERMANN SIDOINE
   Middle Dutch No Gertjan Postma
   Miya No Michael A. Estrada
+ Muyang Yes Bebey Théodore
  Words: Awak geɗɗakani heni
  Gloss: Goat big-ni this
  Translation: This big goat
  Contributor: Bebey Théodore
   Nahuatl (Central Huasteca) No John Garcia
+ Nahuatl (Classical) No John Garcia
  Comment: No examples found yet
  Contributor: John Garcia
+ Nawdm Yes Hannah Kim
  Words: bà hɔ́ːlə̀ té tèréʔètèn tènté
  Gloss: dog black cl-pl cl-two-cl-n cl-this-cl
  Translation: 'these two black (big) dogs' (6).
  Comment: All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   Ndut Yes Daniel Morgan
   Neapolitan No Giuseppe Samo
   Nepali No Mark Donohue
   Nkore-Kiga Yes Hilda Koopman
   Northern Thai Yes Alif Silpachai
   Norwegian No Marit Julien
+ Nupe Yes Jason Kandybowicz
  Words: eci dzuru nana
  Gloss: yam red DEM
  Translation: this red yam
  Contributor: Jason Kandybowicz
   Nweh Yes Hilda Koopman
+ Occitan Yes Patrick Sauzet
  Words: E la flor polida aquela èra una ròsa
  Gloss: and ART flower beautiful-F DEM-F was a rose
  Translation: and the beautiful flower in question was a flower
  Comment: This order although possible is marginal and implies a form of emphasis on the anaphoric relation ("in question").
  Contributor: Patrick Sauzet
   Okinawan No Ken Hiraiwa
   Old English No Steve Seegmiller
   Old French No Heather Burnett
   Old Saxon No George Walkden
+ Oluwanga (Eji) Yes Ceciliane Odangah
  Words: O -mu -khana mwimbikiti o-yo
  Gloss: AUG-C1-girl 1- short AUG1- DEM
  Translation: That short girl
  Contributor: Ceciliane Odangah
   One Yes Mark Donohue
   Palue Yes Mark Donohue
   panjabi No Gurprit Bains
   Papuan Malay Yes Mark Donohue
   Pashto No Taylor Roberts
   Pima No Marcus Smith
   Polish No Barbara Tomaszewicz
   Portuguese No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Q'anjob'al No Kathleen O'Flynn
   Romanian No Oana Savescu
+ Russian No Stephanie Harves
  Words: *Ja pročital knigu interesnuju ètu.
  Gloss: I.NOM read book.ACC interesting this
  Translation: I read this interesting book.
  Contributor: Stephanie Harves
   Salasaca Quichua No Pieter Muysken
   Samoan Yes Hilda Koopman
+ San Dionisio Ocotepec Zapotec Yes George Aaron Broadwell
  Words: bè'cw ró'=rì
  Gloss: dog big=that
  Translation: 'that big dog'
  Comment: The demonstratives are clitics
  Contributor: George Aaron Broadwell
   Sandawe No Helen Eaton
   Sasak Yes Nur Ahmadi and Eli Asikin-Garmager
   Saweru Yes Mark Donohue
   Scottish Gaelic Yes Andrew Carnie
   Senaya No Laura McPherson
   Serbian No Miloje Despic
   Shan Yes Alif Silpachai
+ Shupamem Yes Abdoulaye Laziz Nchare
  Words: pa ngure ji pa kamkeri
  Gloss: bag big this copula rare
  Translation: This big bag is rare.
  Comment: The word for "bag" is [pam] but the [m] drops in prenasal context.
  Contributor: Abdoulaye Laziz Nchare
+ Sicilian No Cristina Guardiano
  Words: * màkina rrùssa sta
  Gloss: car red this
  Translation: this red car
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
   Skou Yes Mark Donohue
   Slovenian No Franc Marušič
+ Spanish No Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: *Leí novela corta esta
  Gloss: read.PST.1SG novel short.F this.F
  Translation: Intended: I read this short novel
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: la reacción desinteresada esta/esa en realidad era preocupante
  Gloss: the reaction disinterested this/that in fact was worrying
  Translation: this/that disinterested reaction was in fact worrying (Brugè 2002: 20)
  Comment: Non DP-initial demonstratives are attested in Spanish: el hombre este. Here, a definite article must always occur (*hombre este; * un hombre este). Sequences containing one or more adjectives and a non DP-initial demonstrative are also possible. Yet, there is no agreement in the literature (see for discussion: Bernstein 1993, 1997, 2001; Brugè 1995, 1996, 2000, 2002; Giusti 1993, 1997, 2002; Roca 1996) about the very nature of such constructions and their relation to the DP-initial ones (unmarked order).
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
  Words: el chico alto este/ese vive cerca de casa
  Gloss: the boy tall this/that lives near home
  Translation: his that tall boy lives near home
  Comment: Laura Brugè (2002) The position of demonstratives in the extended nominal projection. In: Cinque Guglielmo (ed), Functional structure in DP and IP: the catography of syntactic structures. Oxford: OUP, 15-53. Example: p. 20.
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
   Swedish No fredrik heinat
   Swiss German No Cecile Meier
   Tagalog No Edith Aldridge
   Taiwanese Southern Min No Arthur Wang
+ Teramano No Iara Mantenuto
  Words: *bambula bellə ʃta
  Gloss: doll beautiful this
  Translation: this beautiful doll
  Contributor: Iara Mantenuto
  Words: *bambula roʃə ʃta
  Gloss: doll red this
  Translation: this red doll
  Contributor: Iara Mantenuto
   Thai Yes Peter Jenks
   Titan No Claire Bowern
   Tiwa No Virginia Dawson
   Tlingit No James Crippen
+ Tommo-So Yes Laura McPherson
  Words: gìnɛ̀L kàndàL ní
  Gloss: house new that
  Translation: ‘that new house’ (123: 157b).
  Comment: From A Grammar of Tommo So by Laura Mcpherson (2012).
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   Tongan Yes Hilda Koopman
   Triqui, Copala Yes George Aaron Broadwell
+ Tukang Besi Yes Mark Donohue
  Words: Te 'obu mosega iso no-kiki'i te iai=su
  Gloss: CORE dog naughty that 3R-bite CORE younger.sibling=1SG.GEN
  Translation: That fierce dog bit my younger sister
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
+ Tuki (Tukombo) Yes Edmond Biloa This ordering is only possible for color adjectives.
  Words: vakarate púú avá
  Gloss: PL.book white these
  Translation: these white books
  Contributor: Edmond Biloa
   Tupi (Ancient) No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Turkish No Murat Kural
   Tuvan No Brian Hsu
   Twi Yes Cansada Martin
   Ukrainian No Roksolana Mykhaylyk
   Vata Yes Hilda Koopman
+ Vietnamese Yes Binh Ngo
  Words: con chó mực đó
  Gloss: CL dog black that
  Translation: "that black dog"
  Contributor: Binh Ngo
   Vlaški-Žejanski-Istro-Romanian No Zvjezdana Vrzic
   Wan Yes Tatiana Nikitina
   West Flemish No Liliane Haegeman
   Western Armenian No Hrayr Khanjian
   Wolane No Hannah Kim
   Wolof Yes Harold Torrence
   Wuhu Chinese No Zhuo Chen
   Xhosa No Xiujie Ma
   Yawa Yes Mark Donohue
   Yiddish No Shannon Mooney
   Yoruba Yes Johnson Folorunso Ilori
   Zamboageño Chabacano No Grace Gaspardo
   Zulu Yes Claire Halpert