A 01_Attributive Adjective Agreement

The property Attributive Adjective Agreement has the value "Yes" when there is at least one attributive adjective that shows agreement with (at least some of) the nouns it modifies.

Definition of Attributive Adjective

NA (Not Applicable): NA for this property means that the language does not have attributive adjectives.

English is "no" for the property Attributive Adjective Agreement since adjectives never agree with the noun phrase they modify:

one big book
three big books
one big girl
three big girls
one big boy
three big boys

Icelandic is "Yes" for Attributive Adjective Agreement, since attributive adjectives agree with the nouns they modify in number, case, and gender.

Ég á rauð-an bíll.
I have red-ACC.M.SG car.ACC.M.SG
"I have a red car".

Italian is "yes" for the property of Attributive Adjective Agreement, since an adjective may agree in gender and number with the noun it modifies, as in:

un libr-o ross-o
one book-M.SG red-M.SG
"one red book"

tre libr-i ross-i
three books-M.PL red-M.PL
"Three red books"

una macchin-a ross-a
one car-F.SG red-F.SG
"one red car"

tre macchin-e ross-e
three cars-F.PL red-F.PL
"Three red cars"

Note: a large (but minority) class of adjectives (and nouns) in Italian show number alternation but no gender alternation, e.g. "intelligent-e" is singular for either gender and "intelligent-i" is plural for either gender.

Japanese is "no" for the property Attributive Adjective Agreement since adjectives never agree with the nouns they modify.

i-ssatu-no akai hon
1-CLF-GEN red book
"one red book"

san-satu-no akai hon
3-CLF-GEN red book
"three red books"
Contributed by: Andrea Cattaneo, Chris Collins, Jim Wood
Language Value Contributor Comments
+ =Hoan Yes Chris Collins
  Words: kx’ù -qà kı́- zȁ -n|ne
  Gloss: pot -PL PL- new -PL
  Translation: “new pots” (Collins and Gruber: 144).
  Comment: There are only a small number of cases of direct attributive adjectival modification. These attributive adjectives include =Hoan translations of adjectives such as “female”, “male”, “old” and “new”. Other cases in which an adjective modifies a noun are expressed through a relative clause with a predicate adjective (refer to A02). The examples are from the grammar by Collins, Chris and Gruber, Jeff. 2012. A Grammar of ǂHȍã.
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   Abaza No Brian O'Herin
   Acehnese No Julie Legate
   Adyghe No Yury Lander
   Afrikaans Yes Theresa Biberauer Attributive adjective agreement is conditioned by phonological and semantic considerations and is not systematic; since Afrikaans nouns lack gender, agreement of the kind found in German or Dutch is absent.
   Agni indénié No Amoikon Dyhié ASSANVO
  Words: 1. ɛnam keseɛ no 2. N- nam a- keseɛ no
  Gloss: 1. meat big Deg 2. pl-meat pl- big Def
  Translation: The big piece of meat 2. The big pieces of meat
  Contributor: AUGUSTINA OWUSU
+ Albanian Yes Dalina Kallulli
  Words: një libër i kuq
  Gloss: a book agr(M,SG) red
  Translation:  a red book
  Comment: libër’ is masculine (M)
  Contributor: Dalina Kallulli
  Words: një shami e kuqe
  Gloss: a handkerchief agr(F,SG) red
  Translation: a red handkerchief
  Comment: ‘shami’ is feminine (F)
  Contributor: Dalina Kallulli
   American Sign Language No Natasha Abner Attributive adjectives are sometimes signed in a spatial locus close to that of the noun they modify (if the noun has an established spatial locus), but this does not seem to be an agreement effect nor is it obligatory. In some cases, it could be phonological assimilation in signing locus.
+ Amharic Yes Girma Demeke
  Words: tɨlɨllɨk' lɨğğ-occ
  Gloss: big.pl child-pl
  Translation: 'big children'
  Contributor: Girma Demeke
+ Ancient Greek Yes Eric Besson
  Words: tòn árton he:mô:n tòn epioúsion dòs he:min sé:meron
  Gloss: the.M.ACC.SG bread.M.ACC.SG us.GEN the.M.ACC.SG daily.M.ACC.SG give.2.AOR.IMP us.DAT today
  Translation: give us today our daily bread (Matthew 6:11)
  Comment: Greek Text: Τὸν ἄρτον ἡμῶν τὸν ἐπιούσιον δὸς ἡμῖν σήμερον
  Contributor: Eric Besson
+ Arabic, Gulf Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos
  Words: Ahmed qaraa al-ketab al-kebeer
  Gloss: Ahmed read.PST DET-book DET-big
  Translation: Ahmed read the big book
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   Armenian (Eastern) No Sona Haroutyunian
   Aymara No Matt Coler
   Babanki Yes Pius Akumbu
+ Bafut Yes Pius Tamanji
  Words: ndâ yìnsɨ́gɨ́nɨ̀
  Gloss: house nice
  Translation: A nice house
  Comment: Attributive adjectives follow and agree with the noun. A small subset can precede the noun but they do not agree.
  Contributor: Pius Tamanji
   Bajau, West Coast No Mark Miller
   Bambara No Bryan Villa
   Bandial Yes Wolfgang Berndt
   Bardi No Claire Bowern
+ Basaa Yes Paul Roger Bassong
  Words: ɓaken ɓa-lâm
  Gloss: 2guests AGR-nice
  Translation: nice guests
  Contributor: Paul Roger Bassong
  Words: bijɛ́k ɓi- lâm
  Gloss: 8food 8.AGR-nice
  Translation: nice food
  Comment: agreement in class and number
  Contributor: Paul Roger Bassong
  Words: malêt a ye ndèk n-lâm
  Gloss: 1teacher 1SM be a little AGR-nice
  Translation: the teacher is a little bit nice
  Contributor: Paul Roger Bassong
   Basque No Karlos Arregi
+ Bellinzonese Yes Chris Collins
  Words: La Carla l=è una dona inteligenta
  Gloss: the Carla she=be.PRS.3SG a.F.SG woman.F.SG intelligent.F.SG
  Translation: (Carla is) an intelligent woman.
  Contributor: Andrea Cattaneo
   Beng Yes Denis Paperno
   Bengali No Priyanka Biswas
+ Bole Yes Alhaji Gimba
  Words: (1) temshi modi siri (2) temka maddi asse
  Gloss: (1) sheep one big (2) sheep (PL) some big (PL)
  Translation: (1) One big sheep (2) Some big sheep
  Contributor: Alhaji Gimba
+ Brazilian Portuguese Yes Bruna Moreira
  Words: As belas pinturas
  Gloss: The.F.PL beautiful.F.PL painting.F.PL
  Translation: The beautiful paintings
  Contributor: Bruna Moreira
   Breton Yes Steve Hewitt
+ Bulgarian Yes Iliana Krapova
  Words: goljam-a kəshta
  Gloss: big-SG.F house.F.SG
  Translation: a big house
  Contributor: Ljuba Veselinova
  Words: golem-i kəsht-i
  Gloss: big-PL house-PL
  Translation: big houses
  Contributor: Ljuba Veselinova
  Words: goljam-o dete
  Gloss: big-SG.N child.N
  Translation: big child
  Contributor: Ljuba Veselinova
   Burgenland-Romani Yes Michelle McComb
   Burmese No Timothy Ho
   Calabrian (Northern) Yes Giuseppina Silvestri
   Cantonese (Guangzhou) No Zixian Qiu
   Catalan Yes Txuss Martin
+ Chalcatongo Mixtec Yes Jess Combs
  Words: Žíí=rí žóó niʔi inì=ðe
  Gloss: Husband=1 exist strong insides=3MN
  Translation: ‘My husband is strong’
  Contributor: Jess Combs
  Contributor: Jess Combs
   Chichewa Yes Sam Mchombo
   Chickasaw NA Pam Munro Chickasaw does not have adjectives, per se, only stative verbs. If the verbs would agree (some adjectival stative verbs partially or fully supplete for number) they would take the appropriate form when used as modifiers.
   Chol No Jessica Coon
+ Cypriot Greek Yes Marios Andreou
  Words: Enan prasin-on vivli-on
  Gloss: a-NEUT.NOM.SG green-NEUT.NOM.SG book-NEUT.NOM.SG
  Translation: A green book.
  Comment: Also in the plural (i.e. dio prasin-a vivli-a 'two-NEUT.NOM.PL green-NEUT.NOM.PL book-NEUT.NOM.PL' two green books)
  Contributor: Marios Andreou
+ Czech Yes Peter Kosta In Czech, the attributive adjective almost always agrees in Number, Gender and Case with its nominal group and the head of a noun phrase
  Words: červená kniha
  Gloss: red-NOM.SG.M-book-NOM.SG.F
  Translation: 'red book'
  Comment: Czech adjectives agree in number case and gender with the noun.
  Contributor: Peter Kosta
+ Dagaare Yes Adams Bodomo
  Words: Gan-bErong BUT Gan-bErE
  Gloss: book-fat But book-fat.PL
  Translation: a fatbook BUT fat books
  Contributor: Adams Bodomo
   Danish Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Dholuo Yes Hilda Koopman
+ Dida Lakota (diéko) Yes Gohon Fabienne Stéphanie Attéby ALS4 workshop 2016
  Words: srē kɛ̍dɛ̄ ɓo᷅᷅ --- srī kɛ̍dɪ̄ sɔ́
  Gloss: house big one --- house.PL big.PL two
  Translation: one big house --- two big houses
  Contributor: Gohon Fabienne Stéphanie Attéby
  Words: srī ka̍dā ɓo᷅᷅
  Gloss: house big one
  Translation: one big house
  Contributor: Gohon Fabienne Stéphanie Attéby
+ Digo Yes Steve Nicolle
  Words: chitabu chi-ziho, meza n-ziho
  Gloss: CL7.book CL7-heavy, CL9.table CL9-heavy
  Translation: a heavy book, a heavy table
  Comment: Some adjectives (often borrowed from Arabic) are invariable, e.g. moho (hot), tayari (ready), rahisi (easy, cheap)
  Contributor: Steve Nicolle
   Digor Ossetic No David Erschler
   Dutch Yes Hilda Koopman
   Eastern Armenian No Karine Megerdoomian
   Egyptian Arabic Yes Arwa Rangwala
   English No Chris Collins
   English (Singapore) No Adam Chong
   Estonian Yes Mark Norris
+ European Portuguese Yes Salvador Mascarenhas
  Words: Encontrei duas pedras amarelas.
  Gloss: find.PST.1SG two.F rock.F.PL yellow.F.PL
  Translation: I found two yellow rocks.
  Contributor: Salvador Mascarenhas
   Ewe No Chris Collins
   Farefari Yes Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu Agreement occurs only on a few adjectives of a frequently occuring adjectives
   Faroese Yes Gunnar Hrafn Hrafnbjargarson
+ Fijian No Zhenyu Sun
  Comment: adjectives only have one form
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
+ Finnish Yes Anders Holmberg
  Words: iso-t talo-t
  Gloss: big-PL house-PL
  Translation: (the) big houses
  Contributor: Anders Holmberg
  Words: iso-ssa talo-ssa
  Gloss: big-INESS house-INESS
  Translation: in the/a big house
  Contributor: Anders Holmberg
+ French Yes Chris Collins
  Words: Jean voit la grande maison
  Gloss: Jean see.3sg.pres the.fem.sg big.fem.sg house
  Translation: Jean sees the big house
  Contributor: Chris Collins
   Frisian (West Frisian) Yes Jarich Hoekstra
+ Ga Yes Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu
  Words: adeka-i agbo-i
  Gloss: box-PL big-PL
  Translation: big boxes
  Comment: agreement in number only
  Contributor: Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu
   galician Yes Naír García
   Garifuna No Pam Munro
   georgian Yes Lea Nash
   German Yes Martin Haspelmath
+ Ghɔmáĺá' Yes Francine Moguo
  Words: ta' pəpɛ ʃə́ŋ mə̀tá mpəpɛ mʃə́ŋ
  Gloss: one red bottle / pl-three pl-red pl-bottle
  Translation: one read bottle / three red bottles
  Contributor: Francine Moguo
+ Gothic Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
  Words:  ana snagan fairnjana
  Gloss: for wide.N.NOM.SG daur.N.NOM.SG
  Translation: unto (an) garment.ACC.SG old.ACC.SG
  Comment: unto an old garment/mantel
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Greek Yes Arhonto Terzi
  Words: to megal-o vivli-o
  Gloss: the.neut.sing big-neut.sing book-neut.sing
  Translation: the big book
  Contributor: Chris Collins
  Words: I psili gineka
  Gloss: the-NOM.F.SG tall-NOM.F.SG woman-NOM.F.SG
  Translation: the tall woman
  Contributor: Arhonto Terzi
   Greek (Calabria) Yes Cristina Guardiano
   Greek (Cappadocian) No Petros Karatsareas
   Greek (Homer) Yes Chiara Bozzone
   Greek (Medieval) Yes Io Manolessou
   Greek (Pontic) Yes Cristina Guardiano and Dimitris Michelioudakis
+ Greenlandic, West (Kalaallisut) Yes Stephen Mayeaux
  Words: qimmi-t qaqurtu-t marluk taakku
  Gloss: dog-PL white-PL two those
  Translation: 'those two white dogs'
  Contributor: Stephen Mayeaux
   Guébie Yes Hannah Sande
   Gungbe (Porto-Novo) No Enoch Oladé Aboh
   Gurene Yes Samuel Atintono
   Haitian No Michel DeGraff
   Hakka No Iris Wu
   Hanga No Geoffrey Hunt
   Hausa Yes Michael A. Estrada
+ Hebrew Yes Ur Shlonsky
  Words: xatul-im raz-im
  Gloss: cat-PL thin-PL
  Translation: thin cats
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
+ Hebrew (Biblical) Yes Massimo Gargiulo
  Words: 'erez thovah (Deut 8,7)
  Gloss: land.FSG good.FSG
  Translation: a good land
  Contributor: Massimo Gargiulo
+ Hindi Yes Gurprit Bains
  Words: achh-aa laRkaa, achhe laRke
  Gloss: good-M.SG boy-M.SG , good-M.PL boy-M.PL
  Translation: good boy, good boys
  Comment: Need to give an example of 'feminine' agreement.
  Contributor: Gurprit Bains
  Words: achh-ii laRk-ii; ach-ii laRki-yan
  Gloss: good-F.SG girl-F.SG; good-F.PL girl-F.PL
  Translation: good girl good girls
  Comment: Masculine plural nouns have morphological oblique case and the attributive adjective agrees with the noun in this feature. However, the feminine nouns and the adjectives preceding them lack the oblique case feature.
  Contributor: Gurprit Bains
   Hittite Yes Mattyas Huggard
   Hixkaryana No Laura Kalin
   Hungarian No Anna Szabolcsi
   Ibibio Yes Willie Willie
+ Icelandic Yes Jim Wood
  Words: rauð-ur bíl-l
  Gloss: red-SG.M car-SG.M
  Translation: A red car
  Contributor: Jim Wood
   Iha Yes Mark Donohue
   Ilokano No Jeremy Rafal
+ imbabura quichua Yes UCLA Linguistics 210
  Words: tunta warmi
  Gloss: silly.f woman
  Translation: 'silly woman'
  Comment: though the usual word for 'silly' is tunto, this adjective shows agreement with a feminine animate noun. The same is true of all adjectives borrowed from Spanish that end in -o in Spanish.
  Contributor: UCLA Linguistics 210
   Indonesian No Mark Donohue
+ Irish Yes Bridget Nixdorf
  Words: Tá bhean mhór bhreá anseo.
  Gloss: Is woman big.FEM.SG fine.FEM.SG there
  Translation: 'There is a fine big woman there.'
  Comment: Lenition (insertion of “h”) shows the agreement between the feminine noun and the adjective
  Contributor: Bridget Nixdorf
  Words: Fuinneoga-í mór-a
  Gloss: Window-PL big-PL
  Translation: 'Big windows'
  Contributor: Bridget Nixdorf
   Iron Ossetic No David Erschler
   Isbukun Bunun No Iris Wu
   Italian Yes Chris Collins
   Italian (Napoletano Antico) Yes Adam Ledgeway
   Italian (Reggiano) Yes Giovanni Roversi
   Jamaican Creole English No Tonjes Veenstra
   Japanese No Chris Collins
+ Jarawara Yes Alan Vogel Dixon 2004:335f
  Words: yimawa bite
  Gloss: knife(F) small\F
  Translation: 'small knife'
  Contributor: Alan Vogel
   Jingulu Yes Rob Pensalfini
   K'iche' Yes Pam Munro
+ Kannada (Bengaluru-Mysore) No Amrit Amritavalli
  Words: doDDa mane cikka mane
  Gloss: ‘a big house; a small house’
  Comment: There is no attributive adjective agreement
  Contributor: Amrit Amritavalli
   Karachay No Steve Seegmiller
   Kashaya No John Gluckman
   Kayan No Ken Manson
   Khasi Yes Gracious Temsen
+ KiLega Yes Kasangati Kinyalolo
  Words: kisúmbí ki-sóga
  Gloss: 7stool 7.beautiful
  Translation: ‘a beautiful stool’
  Contributor: Kasangati Kinyalolo
+ Kinande Yes Patricia Schneider-Zioga and Philip Mutaka
  Words: á-ba-ana ba-búya
  Gloss: AUG-2-child 2-beautiful
  Translation: 'the beautiful child'
  Contributor: Patricia Schneider-Zioga and Philip Mutaka
   Kindendeule Yes Deo Ngonyani
+ Kiswahili Yes Aggrey Wasike
  Words: m-ti m-kubwa
  Gloss: tree big
  Translation: big tree
  Contributor: Aggrey Wasike
  Words: mi-ti mi-wili mi-kubwa
  Gloss: trees two big
  Translation: two big trees
  Contributor: Aggrey Wasike
   Kiyaka Yes Lukowa Kidima
+ Kom Yes Richard Kwamong
  Words: Wúl `I jòfInI
  Gloss:  cl1.person agr1 good
  Translation: a good person
  Comment: I is barred i... Each noun class has a particular agreement morpheme.
  Contributor: Richard Kwamong
  Words: Ì jòfÍnÍ
  Gloss: agr-good
  Translation: the good (one)
  Comment: Adjectives can be used pronominally (with ellipisis of the N), with the adjective carrying class agreement.
  Contributor: Richard Kwamong
   Konni No Michael Cahill
   Korean No Chung-hye Han
   Kuot Yes Eva Lindström
   Kurdish (Sorani) No Yadgar Karimi
+ Kusaal Yes Hasiyatu Abubakari
  Words: i. Yi tita’ar la ii. yiya tita’ada la
  Gloss: i. house.NC big.ADJ Def ii. house.pl.NC big.pl. ADJ Def
  Translation: i. 'the big house' ii. 'the big houses'
  Comment: "Attributive adjectives agree in number with the noun they modify. The singular noun yir’house’ becomes ‘yi’. The plural of the noun yir ‘house’ is yiya/ya’houses’. In cases where we have the plural, the whole NP yiya ‘houses’ or the plural suffix instead of the stem is used. Yiya tita’ada ‘hig houses’ ya tita’ada ‘big houses’ * yi tita’ada ‘big houses’ This is the only instance where we see the suffix plural morpheme coocuring with the adjective. We therefore consi
  Contributor: Hasiyatu Abubakari
   Kusunda No Mark Donohue
   Laal NA Florian Lionnet
+ Lango Yes Arwa Rangwala
  Words: kùll à ɲwé
  Gloss: wart+hog ATT 3S.smelly.HAB
  Translation: a smelly wart hog (= a wart hog that’s smelly) (Noonan 1992: 103 ex. 2)
  Comment: "To translate an attributive adjective from English to Lango, it is necessary to resort to a relative clause construction, i.e. adjectives are always predicates in Lango" (Noonan 1992: 103).
  Contributor: Arwa Rangwala
   Lani Yes Mark Donohue
   Lao No Alif Silpachai
   Latin Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Latin (Late) Yes Chiara Gianollo
   Lebanese Arabic Yes Lina Choueiri
+ Lithuanian Yes Felix Thies
  Words: Gyvename dideliame mieste.
  Gloss: live.PRS.1.PL big.LOC.SG.M city.LOC.SG
  Translation: We are living in a big city.
  Contributor: Felix Thies
  Words: Gražus miškas. Graži gėlė.
  Gloss: beautiful.NOM.SG.M forest.NOM.SG beautiful.NOM.SG.F. flower.NOM.SG
  Translation: A beautiful forest. A beautiful flower.
  Contributor: Felix Thies
   Lubukusu Yes Aggrey Wasike
+ Maasai (Kisongo) Yes Hilda Koopman
  Words: aa-dol ol-bitir ngiro
  Gloss: 3s.1O.see SG.MS-pig.SG.NOM brown.NOM.SG
  Translation: The bown pig sees me (Mpaayei and Tucker, p.191)
  Comment: adjective agrees in case and number with N.
  Contributor: Hilda Koopman
   Mada No Bebey Théodore
+ Malagasy No Ed Keenan and Laura Kalin
  Words: io trano lehibe io
  Gloss: DEM house big DEM
  Translation: this big house
  Contributor: Ed Keenan and Laura Kalin
   Mandarin No Arthur Wang
   Maori Yes Ray Harlow
+ Marshallese Yes Heather Willson Sturman
  Words: ļeo e=ar jek wa aetoktok eo.
  Gloss: the.man 3SG=PST make boat long.SG the.SG
  Translation: The man made the long boat.
  Contributor: Heather Willson Sturman
  Words: ļeo e=ar jek wa aettok kaņ.
  Gloss: the.man 3SG=PST make boat long.PL those
  Translation: The man made those long boats.
  Contributor: Heather Willson Sturman
+ Masarak Yes Jessica Chen
  Words: indʒe-r kədi-dʒer wiː ɲuɡuɾu i-n-e
  Gloss: dogs-PL big-PL DEM.PL food 3PL-eat-PRS
  Translation: ‘These big dogs eat food’
  Contributor: Jessica Chen
+ Middle Dutch Yes Gertjan Postma
  Words: te minre stede /te minen lande
  Gloss: at my.DAT.F place.F/ at my.DAT.N land.DAT.N
  Translation: at my place/land
  Comment: not visible in all Case-forms
  Contributor: Gertjan Postma
+ Miya Yes Michael A. Estrada
  Words: mbǝrgu gárna
  Gloss: ram.M large.M
  Translation: 'large ram'
  Comment: "The normal position for attributive adjectives is directly following the noun. The adjective agrees with the noun in gender/number. For singular nouns, agreement is marked by the suffixes -na (m) or -ya (f). For morphologically plural nouns, the adjective shows agreement by the suffix -niy with 'animate' nouns, but for 'inanimates', agreement is with the lexical gender." (p.257)
  Contributor: Michael A. Estrada
+ Moroccan Arabic Yes Arwa Rangwala
  Words: ‘ind.ee qetta Sagiir.a
  Gloss: at.1SPOSS cat.F small.F
  Translation: I have a small cat.
  Contributor: Arwa Rangwala
  Words: ‘ind-ee welaad zwiniin
  Gloss: at.1SPOSS boy.PL good.PL
  Translation: I have good boys.
  Contributor: Arwa Rangwala
   Muyang No Bebey Théodore
+ Nahuatl (Central Huasteca) Yes John Garcia
  Words: chichi-meh akostik-eh
  Gloss: dog-PL yellow-PL
  Translation: "The yellow dogs"
  Comment: Not all adjectives have a plural form, but those that do require number agreement. LC-Eduardo de la Cruz
  Contributor: John Garcia
   Nahuatl (Classical) No John Garcia
   Naki Yes Jeff Good
+ Nawdm No Hannah Kim
  Words: bɛ̀ːrè bóbɔ̀g-bá
  Gloss: girls tall-CM
  Translation: ‘tall girls’(9).
  Comment: the adjective itself is not agreeing in class; the plural noun class marker follows the adjectives, i.e. nouns must always carry a noun class regardless of whether there is an adjective or not. All setting and examples come from the database from a two quarter fieldmethods class at UCLA in 1998. (Albro, 1998)
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   nda'nda' No Christelle Niguieu Toukam and Bertille Baron ALS4 workshop 2016
   Ndut Yes Daniel Morgan
   Neapolitan Yes Giuseppe Samo
   Nepali Yes Mark Donohue
   Nez Perce Yes Amy Rose Deal
   Nkore-Kiga Yes Hilda Koopman
   Northern Thai No Alif Silpachai
   Norwegian Yes Marit Julien
+ Nupe No Jason Kandybowicz
  Words: *Eci-zi dzuru-zi woncinko-zi
  Gloss: yam-PL red-PL large-PL
  Translation: Large red yams
  Comment: example is acceptable if plural marking on adjectives is dropped.
  Contributor: Jason Kandybowicz
   Nweh Yes Hilda Koopman
   Okinawan No Ken Hiraiwa
+ Old English Yes Willem Koopman
  Words: se aelmihtiga haelend
  Gloss: the M-SG-NOM almighty M-SG-NOM Christ M-SG-NOM
  Translation: "The almighty Christ"
  Contributor: Willem Koopman
   Old French Yes Heather Burnett
   Old Norse Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Old Saxon Yes George Walkden
  Words: endi sagdun iro gôdumu hêrron
  Gloss: and said their.DAT good.DAT.M.SG lord.DAT.M.SG
  Translation: and said to their good lord
  Comment: (Heliand 2821)
  Contributor: George Walkden
   Oluwanga Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos
+ Oluwanga (Eji) Yes Ceciliane Odangah
  Words: I-ngubo i - mali i- ndai
  Gloss: 9-dress 9- black 9-nice
  Translation: A nice black dress
  Contributor: Ceciliane Odangah
+ One Yes Mark Donohue
  Words: Aila tapi tini-ne n-ai n-e nu
  Gloss: tree skin rough-PL 3PL-sit.PL 3PL-be that
  Translation: The rough (pieces of) bark are over there
  Contributor: Mark Donohue
   Palue No Mark Donohue
+ panjabi Yes Gurprit Bains
  Words: neeli chunni
  Gloss: blue-f scarf-f
  Translation: Blue Scarf
  Contributor: Gurprit Bains
   Papuan Malay No Mark Donohue
+ Pashto Yes Taylor Roberts
  Words: tégay alek wobe ghwaarr-i
  Gloss: thirsty.M.DIR.SG boy.M.DIR.SG water.F.PL want-PRS.3SG
  Translation: The thirsty boy wants water.
  Comment: Tegey and Robson 1996: 85. Adjectives agree with the nouns they modify in gender, number, and case.
  Contributor: Taylor Roberts
  Words: tégi alekaan wobe ghwaarr-i
  Gloss: thirsty.M.DIR.PL boy.M.DIR.PL water.F.PL want-PRS.3PL
  Translation: The thirsty boys want water.
  Comment: Tegey and Robson 1996: 86. Adjectives agree with the nouns they modify in gender, number, and case.
  Contributor: Taylor Roberts
   Pima Yes Marcus Smith
+ Polish Yes Barbara Tomaszewicz
  Words: czerwona książka
  Gloss: red-nom.sg.f book-nom.sg.f
  Translation: a red book
  Comment: agreement in number, gender, and case
  Contributor: Barbara Tomaszewicz
+ Portuguese Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
  Words: Campos verdes
  Gloss: field.PL green.PL
  Translation: Green fields
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Q'anjob'al No Kathleen O'Flynn
+ Romanian Yes Oana Savescu
  Words: o femeie frumoasă
  Gloss: a.F.SG woman.F.SG beautiful.F.SG
  Translation: a beautiful woman
  Contributor: Oana Savescu
+ Russian Yes Jillian Kozyra
  Words: umnaja studentka
  Gloss: smart.NOM.F.SG student.NOM.F.SG
  Translation: smart student
  Contributor: Stephanie Harves
   Salasaca Quichua No Pieter Muysken
   Samoan Yes Vincent Homer
   San Dionisio Ocotepec Zapotec No George Aaron Broadwell
   Sandawe Yes Helen Eaton
   Saramaccan No Tonjes Veenstra
   Saweru No Mark Donohue
   Scottish Gaelic Yes David Adger
   Senaya Yes Laura McPherson
   Serbian Yes Miloje Despic
+ Shupamem Yes Abdoulaye Laziz Nchare
  Words: ngbam ngbam pam run-te
  Gloss: big big bags be.full-pluractional
  Translation: big bags are full
  Comment: The reduplication process is used to encode the plural although in other cases, the plural is marked by a noun class.
  Contributor: Abdoulaye Laziz Nchare
+ Sicilian Yes Cristina Guardiano
  Words: m’akkattài na bbèlla màkina
  Gloss: to.me I.bought a beautifulFS carFS
  Translation: I bought a beautiful car
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
  Words: m’akkattài ru bbèlli màkini
  Gloss: to.me I.bought two beautifulFP carFP
  Translation: I bought two beautiful cars
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
   Skou Yes Mark Donohue
   Slovenian Yes Franc Marušič
+ Spanish Yes Chris Collins
  Words: Tengo un perro blanc-o
  Gloss: have.PRS.1SG a.M dog white.M
  Translation: I have a white dog
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: Tengo dos gat-a-s blanc-a-s
  Gloss: have.1SG two cat-F-PL white-F-PL
  Translation: I have two white female cats
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ Swedish Yes fredrik heinat
  Words: en röd bil -- ett rött äpple --- den röda bilen -- det röda äpplet
  Gloss: a red.N-N.SG.INDF car -- a red.N.SG.INDF apple --- the red.DEF car.DEF -- the red.DEF apple.DEF
  Translation: a red car -- a red apple --- the red car -- the red apple
  Comment: Attributive adjectives agree with the noun in gender, number and definiteness.
  Contributor: fredrik heinat
  Words: två röda bilar -- två röda äpplen --- de två röda bilarna -- de två röda äpplena
  Gloss: two red.PL cars -- two red.PL apples --- the two red.PL cars.DEF -- the two red.PL apples.DEF
  Translation: two red cars -- two red apples --- the two red cars -- the two red apples
  Comment: In plural, the adjective has the same form no matter gender and definiteness of the noun.
  Contributor: fredrik heinat
+ Tagalog Yes Edith Aldridge
  Words: ma-ta-talino-ng (mga) bata
  Gloss: Pre-Red-smart-Lk (Pl) child
  Translation: 'smart children'
  Comment: Reduplication of the first consonant and vowel of the root of the adjective shows agreement with a plural head noun. Addition of the 'ma-' prefix is necessary for an adjective root to be used either predicatively or attributively.
  Contributor: Edith Aldridge
   Taiwanese Southern Min No Arthur Wang
+ Tarascan Yes Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
  Words: instku tsiri kuchi-cha-ni teparati-cha-ni
  Gloss: give.IMP corn pig-PL-OBJ fat-PL-OBJ
  Translation: 'Give corn to the fat pigs'
  Comment: The attributive noun agrees in number and case with the head noun. The agreement is not obligatory.
  Contributor: Violeta Vazquez-Rojas
+ Teramano Yes Iara Mantenuto
  Words: mi so maɲatə nu timballə bbonə
  Gloss: to.me I.am eaten a timballo.M.SG good.M.SG
  Translation: I ate good timballo
  Contributor: Iara Mantenuto
  Words: mi so maɲatə du timbillə bbunə
  Gloss: to.me I.am eaten two timballo.M.PL good.M.PL
  Translation: I ate two good timballos
  Comment: Teramano does not present agreement in the adjective since the language underwent neutralization of the final vowel to a schwa. The final vowel would be the one agreeing in gender. However, the number agreement is present in the stem, the stressed vowel is [+high] when the word is plural. Plural agreement is present.
  Contributor: Iara Mantenuto
   Thai No Peter Jenks
+ Tigre Yes Zhenyu Sun
  Words: ‘abi s̩agam
  Gloss: big deed
  Translation: big deed
  Comment: Tigre grammar and texts / by Shlomo Raz. P128
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: 'abā-yi 'ašrām
  Gloss: big-PL water-holes
  Translation: big waterholes
  Comment: Tigre grammar and texts / by Shlomo Raz. P126
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Comment: Adjectives agree for ms (generally -ay), feminine (-t), plural(-āt, -otāt, -(a)č, and/or by internal vowel change including ‘broken’ plurals
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: akān
  Gloss: place
  Translation: ‘place’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: akānāt
  Gloss: places
  Translation: ‘places’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: mathət
  Gloss: lowland
  Translation: 'lowland'
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: əssit
  Gloss: woman
  Translation: ‘woman’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: matahēt
  Gloss: lowlands
  Translation: ‘lowlands’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: anəs
  Gloss: women
  Translation: 'women'
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: walat
  Gloss: young girl, daughter
  Translation: ‘young girl, daughter’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
  Words: awāləd (circumposition)
  Gloss: young girls
  Translation: ‘young girls’
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
   Titan No Claire Bowern
   Tiwa No Virginia Dawson
   Tlingit No James Crippen
+ Tocharian A Yes Bernhard Koller
  Words: klyom metrak
  Gloss: noble.NOM Metrak.NOM
  Translation: the noble Metrak
  Comment: source: YQ II.1 a7
  Contributor: Bernhard Koller
  Words: klyomänt metrakäṃ
  Gloss: noble.OBL Metrak.OBL
  Translation: the noble Metrak
  Comment: source: YQ I.5 b2
  Contributor: Bernhard Koller
+ Tocharian B Yes Bernhard Koller
  Words: kreñc onolmi
  Gloss: good.NOM.PL person.NOM.PL
  Translation: good people
  Comment: source: THT 1120 a3
  Contributor: Bernhard Koller
   Tommo-So No Laura McPherson
   Tongan Yes Hilda Koopman A bit tricky. A few adjectives have a distinct plural form which is used in plural contexts. (also true when used predicatively)
   Triqui, Copala No George Aaron Broadwell
   Tukang Besi No Mark Donohue
+ Tuki (Tukombo) Yes Edmond Biloa This property has a value of "no" for color adjectives, which do not agree with the noun they modify.
  Words: a. osya okuto b. vasya vakutu
  Gloss: a. 1.beautiful woman b. 2. beautiful 2.women
  Translation: a. beautiful woman b. beautiful women
  Comment: Prenominal As agree, but postnominal ones don't
  Contributor: Edmond Biloa
  Words: a. akana inyíní b. vikana munyíní
  Translation: a. big bird b. big birds
  Comment: agreement is prefixed on A and N
  Contributor: Edmond Biloa
  Words: a. arónó okutu b. virónó vakutu
  Gloss: a. old woman b. old women
  Contributor: Edmond Biloa
  Words: karate búútutu omò'si
  Gloss: book red NC.one
  Translation: one red book
  Comment: The postnominal adjectives do not agree, but postnominal numerals do. (o agrees with book)
  Contributor: Edmond Biloa
  Words: a.inyó búútutu imò'si b. vinyó búútutu vitatú
  Gloss: a. i.yam red i.one b. vi.yam red vi.three
  Translation: a. one red yam b. three red yams
  Comment: These examples show the numerals agree (but postnominal adjectives don't. )
  Contributor: Edmond Biloa
   Tupi (Ancient) No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Turkish No Murat Kural
   Twi No Cansada Martin
+ Ukrainian Yes Roksolana Mykhaylyk
  Words: rozumnyj student
  Gloss: smart student
  Translation: smart student
  Contributor: Roksolana Mykhaylyk
+ Vata Yes Hilda Koopman
  Words: kO kadO//kua kadua//cIcE kadE
  Gloss: man.SG big-SG// man.PL big.PL//eagle.SG big.SG
  Translation: a big man// big men// a large eagle
  Comment: sg "class" markers: O, E, A, U, I; pl. ua, I (All examples need to be recoded in html with tonal marks and standard IPA vowels)
  Contributor: Hilda Koopman
+ Vietnamese No Jimmy Nguyen
  Words: Một cuốn sách bự
  Gloss: One CLS book big
  Translation: One big book
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
  Words: Ba cuốn sách bự
  Gloss: Three CLS book big
  Translation: Three big books
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   Wan No Tatiana Nikitina
   Welsh Yes David Willis
+ West Flemish Yes Liliane Haegeman
  Words: de hog-e huiz-en
  Gloss: the high-pl house-pl
  Translation: 'the high houses'
  Contributor: Liliane Haegeman
   Western Armenian No Hrayr Khanjian
+ Wolane Yes Hannah Kim
  Words: furtə-tē leylɛ
  Gloss: small-DEF:F Layla
  Translation: ‘the small Layla” (229).
  Contributor: Hannah Kim
   Wolof Yes Harold Torrence
   Wuhu Chinese No Zhuo Chen
   Xhosa Yes Xiujie Ma
   Yan-nhaŋu Yes Claire Bowern
   Yawa No Mark Donohue
+ Yiddish Yes Shannon Mooney
  Words: Di gut-e froj
  Gloss: the-F good-NOM.F woman.NOM
  Translation: "The good woman"
  Contributor: Shannon Mooney
   Yoruba No Johnson Folorunso Ilori
+ Zamboageño Chabacano No Grace Gaspardo
  Words: el grande libro
  Gloss: the big book
  Translation: the big book
  Contributor: Grace Gaspardo
  Words: el maga grande libro
  Gloss: the PL big book
  Translation: the big books
  Contributor: Grace Gaspardo
+ Zulu Yes Esther Park
  Words: Um-khonto wasibhoboz-a isi-hlangu esi-qatha.
  Gloss: 3-spear pierce-PST 7-shield 7-thick
  Translation: 'The spear pierced the thick shield.'
  Contributor: Esther Park