Login

N2 10_The Numeral has a different form in Definite and Indefinite (Num N, N Num) contexts

Definition
General Note: How do definite and indefinite noun numeral combinations differ in form? This is the sixth in a series of seven...
To set these properties, use the examples for the specific contexts in N2 01 through N2 04. Check as many "yes" values as applicable. If in doubt, just leave the property value(s) unset, and contact us via email.

This property is set to "yes" if the Numeral has a different form in definite and indefinite (Num N, Num) contexts. Different form here is construed broadly and covers: a different phonological form of the Numeral, the addition of an agreement marker, or any other marker immediately preceding or following the numeral.

Examples:
1.
English is "no" for this property, as the numeral is invariant.

2.
Shupamem is "yes" for this property ( pɛ̀ʔ 'two' in a. vs pàː 'two' in b.).

Indefinite:
a. pɛ̀ʔ pón pâː mfɨ màːnʒé!
two child.PL be ADP road
'There are two children on the road!'

b. Definite:
pón pí pàː pâː mfɨ màːnʒé
child.PL AGR two be ADP road
'The two children are on the road!
(example from Vázquez-Rojas 2011)
Contributed by: Hilda Koopman
Language Value Contributor Comments
   =Hoan No Chris Collins
   Acehnese No Julie Legate
   Afrikaans No Theresa Biberauer
   Agni indénié No Amoikon Dyhié ASSANVO
   Akan-twi No AUGUSTINA OWUSU
   Albanian No Dalina Kallulli
   American Sign Language No Natasha Abner
   Amharic No Girma Demeke
   Ancient Greek No Richard Faure
+ Arabic, Gulf Yes Dimitrios Ntelitheos
  Words: thala defater 3la t-tawlah
  Gloss: three notebooks on DET-table
  Translation: three notebooks on the table
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
  Words: thala defater 3la t-tawlah
  Gloss: three notebooks on DET-table
  Translation: three notebooks on the table
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
  Words: th-thala defater 3la t-tawlah
  Gloss: DET-three notebooks on DET-table
  Translation: the three notebooks on the table
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
  Words: th-thala defater 3la t-tawlah
  Gloss: DET-three notebooks on DET-table
  Translation: the three notebooks on the table
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
  Words: th-thala defater 3la t-tawlah
  Gloss: DET-three notebooks on DET-table
  Translation: the three notebooks on the table
  Contributor: Shaikha Saeed
   Armenian (Eastern) No Sona Haroutyunian
   Babanki No Pius Akumbu
   Bafut No Pius Tamanji
   Bandial No Wolfgang Berndt
   Bardi No Claire Bowern
   Basaa No Paul Roger Bassong
   Beng No Denis Paperno
   Bengali No Priyanka Biswas
   Bole No Alhaji Gimba
   Brazilian Portuguese No Ananda Lima
   Burmese No Timothy Ho
   Calabrian (Northern) No Giuseppina Silvestri
   Cantonese (Guangzhou) No Zixian Qiu
   Catalan No Victoria Mateu
   Chickasaw No Pam Munro
   Cypriot Greek No Marios Andreou
   Dagaare No Adams Bodomo
   Danish No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Dholuo No Hilda Koopman
   Dida Lakota (diéko) No Gohon Fabienne Stéphanie Attéby
   Digo No Steve Nicolle
   Digor Ossetic No David Erschler
   Dutch No Hilda Koopman
   Eastern Armenian No Karine Megerdoomian
   English No Katie Redderson-Lear
   English (Singapore) No Adam Chong
   Faroese No Hjalmar Páll Petersen
   Finnish No Anders Holmberg
   French No Hilda Koopman
   Frisian (West Frisian) No Jarich Hoekstra
   Ga No Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu
   galician No Naír García
   Garifuna Yes Pam Munro
   georgian No Lea Nash
   German No Viola Schmitt
   Gothic No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Greek No Arhonto Terzi
   Greek (Calabria) No Cristina Guardiano
   Greek (Cappadocian) No Petros Karatsareas
   Greek (Homer) No Chiara Bozzone
   Greek (Medieval) No Io Manolessou
   Greek (Pontic) No Cristina Guardiano and Dimitris Michelioudakis
   Guébie No Hannah Sande
   Gungbe (Porto-Novo) No Enoch Oladé Aboh
   Haitian No Michel DeGraff
   Hakka No Iris Wu
   Hausa No Michael A. Estrada
+ Hebrew Yes Ur Shlonsky
  Words: šaloš birot vs. šlošet ha birot
  Gloss: three beers three-f the beers
  Contributor: Ur Shlonsky
   Hebrew (Biblical) No Massimo Gargiulo Numerals from 2 to 10 may stand in a form called construct state before the substantive, or in the absolute state before or after the substantive. The two different forms don't depend on definite or indefinite contexts.
   Hindi No Gurprit Bains
   Hittite No Mattyas Huggard
   Hungarian No Anna Szabolcsi
   Ibibio No Willie Willie
   Icelandic Yes Jim Wood
   Igbo No Mary Amaechi
   Iha No Mark Donohue
   imbabura quichua No UCLA Linguistics 210
   Indonesian No Mark Donohue
   Iron Ossetic No David Erschler
   Italian No Cristina Guardiano
   Italian (Napoletano Antico) No Adam Ledgeway
   Italian (Reggiano) No Giovanni Roversi
   Japanese No Jun Yashima
   K'iche' No Pam Munro
   KiLega No Kasangati Kinyalolo
   Kiyaka No Lukowa Kidima
   Kom No Richard Kwamong
   Korean No Grace Lee
   Kuot No Eva Lindström
   Kurdish (Sorani) No Yadgar Karimi
   Kusunda No Mark Donohue
   Laal No Florian Lionnet
   Lango No Arwa Rangwala
   Latin No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Latin (Late) No Chiara Gianollo
   Lithuanian No Felix Thies
   Maasai (Kisongo) No Hilda Koopman
   Malagasy No Hilda Koopman
   Malayalam No Mythili Menon
   Mandarin No Arthur Wang
   Marshallese No Heather Willson Sturman
   Miya No Michael A. Estrada
   Moroccan Arabic No Arwa Rangwala
   Muyang No Bebey Théodore
   Nahuatl (Central Huasteca) No John Garcia
   Nahuatl (Classical) No John Garcia
   Neapolitan No Giuseppe Samo
   Nepali No Mark Donohue
   Norwegian No Marit Julien
   Nupe No Jason Kandybowicz
   Okinawan No Ken Hiraiwa
   Old English No Willem Koopman
   Old French No Heather Burnett
   Old Norse No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Old Saxon No George Walkden
   Oluwanga No Dimitrios Ntelitheos
   Oluwanga (Eji) No Ceciliane Odangah
   One No Mark Donohue
   panjabi No Gurprit Bains
   Papuan Malay No Mark Donohue
   Pashto No David Pate
   Pima No Marcus Smith
   Polish No Barbara Tomaszewicz
   Portuguese No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Romanian No Monica Alexandrina Irimia
   Russian No Denis Paperno
   San Dionisio Ocotepec Zapotec No George Aaron Broadwell
   Sandawe Yes Helen Eaton
   Sasak No Nur Ahmadi and Eli Asikin-Garmager
   Scottish Gaelic No David Adger
   Senaya No Laura McPherson
   Shupamem Yes Abdoulaye Laziz Nchare
+ Sicilian No Cristina Guardiano
  Words: vìtti i/ssi tri kkàni
  Gloss: I.saw theMP/thoseMP three dogMP
  Translation: I saw the/those three dogs
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
  Words: vìtti (a) ttri kkàni
  Gloss: I.saw (to) three dogMP
  Translation: I saw three dogs
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
   Skou No Mark Donohue
   Spanish No Victoria Mateu
+ Swedish No fredrik heinat
  Words: det är två kakor i burken / De två kakorna är i burken.
  Gloss: There are two cookies in jar.DEF/ the two cookies.DEF are in jar.DEF
  Translation: there are two cookies in the jar. / The two cookies are in the jar.
  Contributor: fredrik heinat
   Swiss German No Cecile Meier
   Tagalog No Edith Aldridge
   Taiwanese Southern Min No Arthur Wang
+ Teramano No Iara Mantenuto
  Words: so maɲatə li/ʃti tre pizzə
  Gloss: I.am eaten theMP/theseMP three pizzaMP
  Translation: I ate three pizzas
  Contributor: Iara Mantenuto
  Words: so maɲatə tre pizzə
  Gloss: I.am eaten three pizzaMP
  Translation: I ate three pizzas
  Contributor: Iara Mantenuto
   Thai No Alif Silpachai
+ Tigre Yes Zhenyu Sun
  Words: lakəl'ot hu
  Gloss: the-two brothers
  Translation: 'the two brothers'
  Comment: definite markers appear as prefix directly attached to the nearest unit.
  Contributor: Zhenyu Sun
   Tommo-So No Laura McPherson
   Triqui, Copala No George Aaron Broadwell
   Tukang Besi No Mark Donohue
   Tuki (Tukombo) No Edmond Biloa
   Tupi (Ancient) No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Turkish No Murat Kural
   Tuvan No Mark Donohue
   Twi No Cansada Martin
   Ukrainian No Roksolana Mykhaylyk
   Vata No Hilda Koopman
   Vietnamese No Binh Ngo
   Vlaški-Žejanski-Istro-Romanian No Zvjezdana Vrzic
   West Flemish No Liliane Haegeman
   Western Armenian No Hrayr Khanjian
   Wolof No Mariame Sy
   Wuhu Chinese No Zhuo Chen
   Xhosa No Xiujie Ma
   Yémba No Elsie Mawamba
   Yawa No Mark Donohue
   Yoruba No Johnson Folorunso Ilori
   Zamboageño Chabacano No Grace Gaspardo
   Zulu No Claire Halpert