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Q14_Verb answer to indefinite subject question

Definition
Untitled Document

This property has the value 'yes' when an affirmative answer to a polar question with an indefinite subject can consist of just a verb, where the indefinite subject is implicitly understood in the response.


Examples:

  1. Finnish has the value 'yes' for this property:
    • Question: tuli-ko kukaan
        came-Q anyone
        "Did anyone come?"
      Answer: tuli  
        came  
        "Yes (someone came)." (lit. "Came.")
  2. Tunisian Arabic has the value 'no' for this property, since the affirmative answer to a polar question with an indefinite subject cannot be just a bare verb:
    • Question: ja: ʃi: wa: ħed el-ba:reħ
        came.3SG.M someone the-yesterday
        "Did anyone come yesterday?"
      Answer: * ja:    
          came.3SG.M    
          (intended: "Someone came.")
    • Comment: Note that Tunisian Arabic has the value 'yes' for the property QA10_affirmation by verb.

    • Question: ja: Salem el-ba:reħ
        came.3SG.M Salem the-yesterday
        "Did Salem come yesterday?"
      Answer:   ja:    
          came.3SG.M    
          "Yes" (lit. "came")
Contributed by: Anders Holmberg
Language Value Contributor Comments
   Afrikaans No Theresa Biberauer
+ Albanian Yes Dalina Kallulli
  Words: Q: Erdhi njeri? A: Erdhi (dikush).
  Gloss:   Q: came-3.SG anyone A: came-3.SG (someone)
  Translation: Q: Did anyone come? A: Yes, (someone did) (lit 'came (someone)')
  Contributor: Dalina Kallulli
+ Amharic Yes Girma Demeke
  Words: A. manɨm al-mätt'a-m? B. mätt'-o-all/ al-mätt'a-m
  Gloss: any one neg-comPFV.3ms-neg come-3ms-Aux/ neg-comPFV.3ms-neg
  Translation: A. Did anyone came?' B. lit. 'came'/ 'didn't come'
  Contributor: Girma Demeke
   Ancient Greek No Richard Faure
   Arabic, Gulf No Dimitrios Ntelitheos
   Armenian (Eastern) Yes Sona Haroutyunian
   Bafut No Pius Tamanji
   Bambara No Hilda Koopman
   Bandial No Wolfgang Berndt
+ Basaa No Paul Roger Bassong
  Words: Q: (ɓàá) ŋgim mut i-n-tɑ́ɣɓɛ́ hɑ́nɑ́ *(ɑ̀) A: ?? proᵢ iᵢ -n-tàɣɓɛ̀
  Gloss: Q: Q some people SM-PST1-pass here Q A: pro SM-PST1-pass
  Translation: A: ‘Lit. s/she (somebody) passed’
  Comment: This property is marginally acceptable in Basa’a’ as can be seen by the question marks at the beginning of the answer here.
  Contributor: Paul Roger Bassong
   Calabrian (Northern) No Giuseppina Silvestri
+ Cantonese (Guangzhou) Yes Zixian Qiu
  Words: Q: jaumou jan lei-zo? A: jao
  Gloss: Q: has-has not people come-PFV? A: has
  Translation: Q: Did anyone come? (lit. Was there anyone that come? ) A: Yes.
  Comment: Not sure. “jau” (has, there is/are) is considered to be an existential verb in this example.
  Contributor: Zixian Qiu
   Catalan No Victoria Mateu
   Chickasaw No Pam Munro
   Cypriot Greek No Marios Andreou
   Danish No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Dutch No Hilda Koopman
   English No Craig Sailor
   English (Singapore) No Adam Chong
   Faroese No Hjalmar Páll Petersen
   Finnish Yes Anders Holmberg
   French No Vincent Homer
   Ga No Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu
   galician Yes Naír García
   georgian No Lea Nash
   German No Viola Schmitt
+ Greek Yes Giorgos Spathas
  Words: Q: Irth-e kanis? A: Irth-e.
  Gloss: Q: come-PST.3.SG anyone A: come-PST.3.SG
  Translation: Q: Did anyone arrive? A: Yes (lit 'come')
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
   Greek (Cappadocian) NA Metin Bagriacik No examples in textual record
   Greek (Homer) NA Cristina Guardiano
   Greek (Medieval) Yes Io Manolessou
   Guébie No Hannah Sande
   Gungbe (Porto-Novo) No Enoch Oladé Aboh
   Haitian No Michel DeGraff
   Hausa No Russell Schuh
   Hebrew No Ur Shlonsky
+ Hungarian Yes Anna Szabolcsi
  Words: Question: Van itt valaki? Answer: Van.
  Gloss: exist.3sg here someone exist.3sg
  Translation: Is there someone here? [=Anybody home?] Yes, there is.
  Contributor: Anna Szabolcsi
   Ibibio No Willie Willie
   Icelandic No Jim Wood
   imbabura quichua Yes UCLA Linguistics 210
   Italian No Adriana Belletti
   Italian (Napoletano Antico) No Adam Ledgeway
   Italian (Reggiano) No Giovanni Roversi
   Jamaican Creole English No Stephanie Durrleman
   Japanese Yes Jun Yashima The verb must always occur with a bound inflectional element (most typically a tense morpheme.)
   K'iche' Yes Pam Munro
   KiLega No Kasangati Kinyalolo
   Kom No Richard Kwamong
+ Korean Yes Grace Lee
  Words: Q: nwuka umsik mek.ko iss.e? A: mek.ko iss.e
  Gloss: Q: Who food eat be.e? A: eat be.e
  Translation: Q: Is someone eating food? A: Yes
  Comment: Q: 누가 음식 먹고있어? A: 먹고있어.
  Contributor: Grace Lee
   Kuot No Eva Lindström
   Kurdish (Sorani) No Yadgar Karimi
   Kusunda NA Mark Donohue
   Laal NA Florian Lionnet
   Lao No Alif Silpachai
   Latin Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Mada No Bebey Théodore
   Malagasy No Ed Keenan and Laura Kalin
   Malayalam Yes Mythili Menon
   Mandarin No Arthur Wang
   Marshallese No Heather Willson Sturman
   Moroccan Arabic No Arwa Rangwala
   Muyang No Bebey Théodore
   Nahuatl (Central Huasteca) Yes John Garcia
   Nepali Yes Mark Donohue
   Norwegian No Marit Julien
   Nupe No Jason Kandybowicz
   Nweh No Hilda Koopman
   Old English No ---
   Old French No Heather Burnett
   Old Saxon No George Walkden
   Oluwanga (Eji) No Ceciliane Odangah
   Pashto No David Pate
+ Portuguese Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
  Words: Alguém veio? / Veio alguém? Veio.
  Gloss: someone come.PRF.3SG ? / come.PRF.3SG someone ? come.PRF.3SG
  Translation: Did anyone come? Came (yes)
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Romanian Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia
   Russian Yes Denis Paperno
   Shupamem No Abdoulaye Laziz Nchare
+ Sicilian No Cristina Guardiano
  Words: A: k'arrwàu kwarkarùnu? B: * arrwàu // kwarkarùnu arrwàu // se kwarkarùnu arrwàu
  Gloss: A: what arrived someone B: he.arrived // someone arrived // yes someone arrived
  Translation: A: has anyone arrived? B: yes (someone arrived)
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
   Spanish No Victoria Mateu
   Swedish No fredrik heinat
   Tagalog No Edith Aldridge
   Taiwanese Southern Min No Arthur Wang
+ Teramano Yes Iara Mantenuto
  Words: k'-arrivitə kakkedunə? - (Si kakkedunə) arrivitə
  Gloss: what arrived someone? - (Yes someone) arrived
  Translation: did someone arrive? - (Yes someone) arrived
  Contributor: Iara Mantenuto
   Tukang Besi No Mark Donohue
   Tuki (Tukombo) No Edmond Biloa
   Tupi (Ancient) No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Turkish Yes Deniz Ozyildiz
  Words: Q: Kimse geldi mi? A: Geldi
  Gloss: Q: Anyone come-PST-[3SG] Q? A: come-PST-[3SG]
  Translation: Did anyone come? Yes, someone came.
  Contributor: Deniz Ozyildiz
   Twi No Cansada Martin
   Vata No Hilda Koopman
   Vietnamese No Binh Ngo
   West Flemish No Liliane Haegeman
   Western Armenian No Hrayr Khanjian
   Wolof No Mariame Sy
   Wuhu Chinese Yes Zhuo Chen
   Xhosa No Xiujie Ma
   Yémba No Elsie Mawamba
   Zulu No Claire Halpert