Login

Q18NEGA_Negative answer by sentential negation plus bare verb

Definition
Untitled Document

This property has the value 'yes' when a negative answer to a neutral, information-seeking polar question can consist of the sentential negation plus a bare verb.


Examples

  1. Swedish has the value 'no' for this property, since the sentential negation inte cannot be used together with a bare verb (i.e. a verb that just echoes the verbal form in the question) to form a negative answer:
    • Question: köpte du mjölk
        bought you milk
        "Did you buy milk?"
      Answer: * köpte inte  
          bought NEG  
          (intended: "No, I didn't.")
  2. Thai has the value 'yes' for this property, since the sentential negator plus a bare verb can make up the answer to a neutral, information-seeking polar question:
    • Question: Nát khàp rót mǎy
        Nath drive car Q
        "Does Nath drive?"
      Answer: mây khàp    
        not drive    
        "No." (lit. "Not drive.")
    • [More...]
Contributed by: Anders Holmberg
Language Value Contributor Comments
   Afrikaans No Theresa Biberauer
+ Albanian Yes Dalina Kallulli
  Words: Q: Bleve akullore? A: Nuk bleva.
  Gloss: Q: bought-2.SG ice-cream A: Not bought-1.SG
  Translation: Did you buy ice-cream? A: No. (lit. 'not bought')
  Contributor: Dalina Kallulli
   American Sign Language Yes Natasha Abner
+ Amharic Yes Girma Demeke
  Words:  A. kasa hed-ä? B. al-hed-ä-m
  Gloss: A. Kasa go.PFV-3ms B. Neg-go.PFV-3ms-neg
  Translation: A. Did Kasa leave? B. lit. '(he) goes not'
  Comment: As noted earlier subject agreement on the verb is obligatory in Amharic.
  Contributor: Girma Demeke
   Ancient Greek No Richard Faure
   Arabic, Gulf No Dimitrios Ntelitheos
   Armenian (Eastern) No Sona Haroutyunian
   Bafut No Pius Tamanji
   Bambara No Hilda Koopman
   Bandial No Wolfgang Berndt
   Basaa No Paul Roger Bassong
   Calabrian (Northern) No Giuseppina Silvestri
+ Cantonese (Guangzhou) Yes Zixian Qiu
  Words: Q: nei heoi me? A: m heoi.
  Gloss: Q: you go Q? A: NEG go.
  Translation: Q: Are you going? A: No.
  Contributor: Zixian Qiu
+ Catalan No Victoria Mateu
  Comment: An intonational break as well as a second negative particle before the verb are needed, e.g. Conduixes? – No, no condueixo (‘Do you drive? – No, I don’t‘). Conduixes? – *No, condueixo (‘Do you drive? – No, I don’t‘)
  Contributor: Victoria Mateu
   Chickasaw No Pam Munro This would be ok in the third person since third person verbs are unmarked.
+ Cypriot Greek Yes Marios Andreou
  Words: Egorases galan? A: En egorasa.
  Gloss: buy.PST.2SG milk? A: Not buy.PST.1SG
  Translation: Did you buy milk? A: Not bought.
  Contributor: Marios Andreou
   Danish No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Dholuo Yes Hilda Koopman
   Dutch No Hilda Koopman
   English No Craig Sailor
   English (Singapore) No Adam Chong
   Faroese No Hjalmar Páll Petersen
+ Finnish Yes Anders Holmberg
  Words: Tulee-ko Anna? Ei tule.
  Contributor: Anders Holmberg
   French No Vincent Homer
   Ga No Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu
   galician No Naír García
   Garifuna No Pam Munro
   georgian Yes Lea Nash
   German No Viola Schmitt
   Gothic No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Greek Yes Giorgos Spathas
  Words: Q: Ajoras-es domat-es? A: Dhen ajoras-a.
  Gloss: Q: Bought-PST.2.SG tomatoes-PL.ACC A: Not bought-PST.1.SG
  Translation: Q: Did you buy tomatoes? A: No. (lit. 'not bought')
  Contributor: Giorgos Spathas
+ Greek (Cappadocian) Yes Metin Bagriacik
  Words: Q: eto autʃa kalo ne mi? A: ðe ne (kalo) (Dawkins 1916: 428)
  Gloss: Q: DEM.PROX.SG.NOM such good.NOM.SG be.PRS.3SG Q A: not be.PRS.3SG (good.NOM.SG)
  Translation: Q: 'is it well thus?' A: 'It is not (well)'
  Contributor: Metin Bagriacik
   Greek (Homer) NA Cristina Guardiano
   Greek (Medieval) Yes Io Manolessou
   Guébie No Hannah Sande
   Gungbe (Porto-Novo) No Enoch Oladé Aboh
   Haitian No Michel DeGraff
   Hausa No Russell Schuh
   Hebrew No Ur Shlonsky
   Hebrew (Biblical) No Massimo Gargiulo
+ Hungarian Yes Anna Szabolcsi
  Words: Nem ment.
  Gloss: not went
  Translation: No, he/she didn't [go].
  Contributor: Anna Szabolcsi
   Ibibio No Willie Willie
   Icelandic No Jim Wood
   Igbo Yes Mary Amaechi
   imbabura quichua Yes UCLA Linguistics 210
   Italian No Adriana Belletti
   Italian (Napoletano Antico) No Adam Ledgeway
   Italian (Reggiano) No Giovanni Roversi
   Jamaican Creole English No Stephanie Durrleman
   Japanese Yes Jun Yashima
   K'iche' Yes Pam Munro
   Kashaya No John Gluckman
   KiLega No Kasangati Kinyalolo
   Kom No Richard Kwamong
+ Korean Yes Grace Lee
  Words: Q: pap sa.ss.e? A: an sa.ss.e
  Gloss: Q: Food bought.past.e? A: NEG bought.past.e
  Translation: Q: Did you buy food? A: I didn’t buy it.
  Comment: Q: 밥 샀어? A: 안 샀어.
  Contributor: Grace Lee
   Kuot Yes Eva Lindström
   Kurdish (Sorani) Yes Yadgar Karimi
   Kusunda No Mark Donohue
   Laal No Florian Lionnet
   Latin Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Latin (Late) Yes Chiara Gianollo
   Maasai (Kisongo) Yes Hilda Koopman
   Malagasy No Ed Keenan and Laura Kalin
   Malayalam No Mythili Menon
+ Mandarin Yes Arthur Wang
  Words: Q: ni qu ma? A: bu qu.
  Gloss: Q: you go Q A: NEG go
  Translation: Q: Are you going? A: No.
  Contributor: Zixian Qiu
   Marshallese No Heather Willson Sturman
   Moroccan Arabic No Arwa Rangwala
   Muyang No Bebey Théodore
   Nepali NA Mark Donohue
   Norwegian No Marit Julien
   Nupe No Jason Kandybowicz
   Old English No Willem Koopman There are cases of the negative particle combining with a pronominal subject and a verb (ic naes=I not-was) and of the negative particle combining with the personal pronoun (Nic=not I)
   Old French No Heather Burnett
   Old Norse No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Old Saxon No George Walkden
   Oluwanga (Eji) No Ceciliane Odangah
   Pashto No David Pate
+ Portuguese Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
  Words: Ela fala inglês? Nao fala.
  Gloss: she speak.3SG ? Neg speak.
  Translation: Does she speak English? She does not.
  Contributor: Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Romanian Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia
   Russian Yes Nina Radkevich
   Samoan Yes Hilda Koopman
   Shupamem No Abdoulaye Laziz Nchare
+ Sicilian Yes Cristina Guardiano
  Words: A: ki arrwàu Màrju? B: nunn'arrwàu
  Gloss: A: what arrived Mario B: not arrived
  Translation: A: has Mario arrived? B: no, he hasn't
  Contributor: Cristina Guardiano
+ Spanish No Victoria Mateu
  Comment: An intonational break as well as a second negative particle before the verb are needed, e.g. Conduces? – No, no conduzco (‘Do you drive? – No, I don’t‘). Conduces? – *No, conduzco / *No conduzco (‘Do you drive? – No, I don’t‘)
  Contributor: Victoria Mateu
   Swedish No fredrik heinat
   Taiwanese Southern Min Yes Arthur Wang
+ Teramano Yes Iara Mantenuto
  Words: k' arrivitə Lenə? - N' arrivitə
  Gloss: what arrived Elena? - not arrived
  Translation: did Elena arrive? - no, she hasn't arrived
  Contributor: Iara Mantenuto
   Thai Yes Peter Jenks
   Tukang Besi No Mark Donohue
   Tuki (Tukombo) No Edmond Biloa
   Tupi (Ancient) No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Turkish Yes Deniz Ozyildiz
  Words: Q: Köfte ye-di-n mi? A: Ye-me-di-m
  Gloss: Q: Meatballs eat-PST-2SG Q? A: eat-NEG-PST-1SG
  Translation: Q: Did you eat meatballs? A: No, I didn't
  Contributor: Deniz Ozyildiz
   Twi No Cansada Martin
   Vata No Hilda Koopman
   Vietnamese No Binh Ngo
   West Flemish No Liliane Haegeman
   Western Armenian Yes Hrayr Khanjian
   Wolof No Mariame Sy
   Wuhu Chinese Yes Zhuo Chen
   Xhosa No Xiujie Ma
   Yémba No Elsie Mawamba