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w08d Proper names in object position must have a "special" article

Definition
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    Proper names in object position

    To code for all possibilities, and for ease of the task, there are four property definitions for proper names in object position:

    can be 'bare', must have an 'article', can have an 'article', must have a 'special article'


w08_d: Proper names have a special article in object position


This property is set to 'yes' if an unmodified proper name must occur with a special article in object position.

[ More contexts]

Elicitation contexts

I invited John
I saw Mary


Additional instructions

  1. This property applies only to proper names (I saw Mary), not to definite singular count nouns (I saw the girl)
  2. Please, do NOT use kinship nouns (like mum, dad, …) to test this property
  3. The proper name must be unmodified (no adjectives, no possessors, no relative clauses, no other modifiers …)
  4. [ More contexts]
  5. If there is more than one object position in your language, test this property for each position.
  6. [ More contexts]
  7. If you notice any difference between affirmative and negative contexts (i.e. I saw John vs. I didn’t see John), please comment (or contact us).

Examples

1.

Catalan is “yes” for this property. Proper names in object position must have the article en/ na (i), that is different from the article occurring with definite singular count nouns in object position (ii).


(i) veig en Joan
see.1S.Pres the.M.S John
I see John

(ii) veig l' home
see.1S.Pres the.M.S man.M.S
I see the man


2.

Greek is “no” for this property. The article that must occur with proper names in object position (i) is identical to the article that must occur with singular count nouns in object position (ii).


(i) sinàntisa ton Jannis
meet.PST.1S the.ACC.S John
I met John

(ii) sinàntisa ton anthròpo
meet.PST.1S the.ACC.S man.ACC.S
I met the man


3.

English is “no” for this property. No special article is required with proper names in object position (i).


(i)     I met John

Contributed by: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
Language Value Contributor Comments
   Akan-twi No AUGUSTINA OWUSU
   Ancient Greek No Cristina Guardiano
   Armenian (Eastern) No Sona Haroutyunian
   Basaa NA Paul Roger Bassong
   Calabrian (Northern) No Giuseppina Silvestri
   Cantonese (Guangzhou) No Zixian Qiu
   Cypriot Greek No Marios Andreou
   Danish No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Dida Lakota (diéko) No Gohon Fabienne Stéphanie Attéby
   Dutch No Hilda Koopman
   English No the property authors
   Faroese No Hjalmar Páll Petersen
   French No Hilda Koopman
   French (Ivorian) No Akpoué Josué
   Gothic No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Greek No Giorgos Spathas
   Greek (Calabria) No Cristina Guardiano
   Greek (Cappadocian) No Petros Karatsareas
   Greek (Homer) No Cristina Guardiano
   Hebrew (Biblical) No Massimo Gargiulo
   Italian No Cristina Guardiano
   Italian (Reggiano) No Giovanni Roversi
   Korean No Shin-Sook Kim
   Kusaal No Hasiyatu Abubakari
   Latin No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Oluwanga (Eji) No Ceciliane Odangah
   Portuguese No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Romanian No Monica Alexandrina Irimia
   Russian No Nina Radkevich
   Sicilian No Cristina Guardiano
   Spanish No Alejandro Rodriguez
   Teramano No Iara Mantenuto
   Tupi (Ancient) No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Turkish No Sozen Ozkan
   Vietnamese No Jimmy Nguyen
   Wuhu Chinese No Zhuo Chen