Login

w10a Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can be bare

Definition
Untitled Document

    Proper names modified by an adjective in object position

    To code for all possibilities, and for ease of the task, there are three property definitions for proper names modified by an adjective in object position:

    can be bare, must have an article, can have an article


w10_a: Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can be bare


This property is set to "yes" if a noun phrase that contains a proper name modified by an adjective in object position can be bare.

A bare noun phrase, for the purposes of this set of properties,

  1. lacks an “article” (or, if the language doesn’t have article, a weak, unmarked demonstrative).
  2. (for languages without articles but with classifiers, noun classes, case, adpositional endings…) exhibits no structural alternation with noun phrases containing a definite singular count noun modified by an adjective.
  3. [ More contexts]

Elicitation contexts

I saw the old John
I saw the little Mary



IMPORTANT INFORMATION

  1. The proper name must be modified by an adjective: only test adjectives like old, little, young, nice, beautiful...
  2. If the above adjectives can be prenominal or postnominal in your language, test each position keeping the adjective same.
  3. [ More contexts]
  4. If there is more than one possible order of proper names and the above adjectives, and there is an asymmetry between whether they can be bare or not, please comment (or contact us)
  5. [ More contexts]

Additional instructions

  1. This property applies only to proper names (I saw Mary), not to definite singular count nouns (I saw the young girl)
  2. Please, do NOT use kinship nouns (like mum, dad, …) to test this property
  3. If there is more than one object position in your language, test this property for each position.
  4. If you notice any difference between affirmative and negative contexts (i.e. I saw the old John vs. I didn’t see the old John), please comment (or contact us).

Examples

1.

English is “yes” for this property. Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can be bare.


(i)     I saw old John


2.

Italian is “yes” for this property. Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can be bare when prenominal. (Longobardi 1994).


(i) ho incontrato Gianni vecchio
have.1S.PR met Gianni old
I met old John


3.

Modern Greek is “no” for this property. Proper names modified by an adjective in object position cannot be bare.


(i) (a) *sinàndisa jèro Jànni
meet.PST.1S old.ACC.S.M John
Intended:I met old John
(b) *sinàndisa Jànni jèro


They always occur with the definite article.


(ii) (a) sinàndisa ton jèro Jànni
meet.PST.1S the.ACC.S.M old.ACC.S.M John
I met old John
(b) sinàndisa ton Jànni ton jèro
meet.PST.1S the.ACC.S.M John the.ACC.S.M old.ACC.S.M
I met old John

Contributed by: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
Language Value Contributor Comments
   Akan-twi No AUGUSTINA OWUSU
   Ancient Greek Yes Cristina Guardiano
   Armenian (Eastern) No Sona Haroutyunian
+ Basaa Yes Paul Roger Bassong
  Words: Mɛ bí- náŋá Bíkûn ŋ-kɛ́ŋí
  Gloss: I PST2-invite 1.PN 1-big/old
  Translation: 'I invited the old Bíkûn'
  Comment: The adjective ŋkɛ́ŋí means 'big', but in this context it can also convey the meaning of 'old', i.e. lit. 'I invited the big (in age) Bíkûn'
  Contributor: Paul Roger Bassong
   Calabrian (Northern) Yes Giuseppina Silvestri
+ Cantonese (Guangzhou) Yes Zixian Qiu
  Words: ngo gin-dou lou John
  Gloss: I see-DOU old John
  Translation: I saw the old John.
  Contributor: Zixian Qiu
   Cypriot Greek No Marios Andreou
   Danish Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Dida Lakota (diéko) Yes Gohon Fabienne Stéphanie Attéby
  Words: ɪ̄ nî mu̍kɔ̀ tɪ́kɪ́ljɔ́
  Gloss: I see.PERF Moko little
  Translation: I saw little Moko
  Contributor: Gohon Fabienne Stéphanie Attéby
   Dutch No Hilda Koopman
   English Yes the property authors
   Faroese Yes Hjalmar Páll Petersen
   French No Hilda Koopman
   French (Ivorian) Yes Akpoué Josué
   Greek No Giorgos Spathas
   Greek (Calabria) No Cristina Guardiano
   Greek (Cappadocian) No Petros Karatsareas
   Greek (Homer) Yes Cristina Guardiano
   Hebrew (Biblical) NA Massimo Gargiulo
   Italian Yes Cristina Guardiano
   Italian (Reggiano) No Giovanni Roversi
   Korean Yes Shin-Sook Kim
   Kusaal No Hasiyatu Abubakari
   Latin Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Oluwanga (Eji) Yes Ceciliane Odangah
  Words: Nd -a-lola John o- mu -khongo
  Gloss: 1sg- PST -see AUG-1-big
  Translation: I saw big John
  Comment: Proper names are not preceded by the augment, though common nouns which have NC are.
  Contributor: Ceciliane Odangah
  Words: Nd -a-langa Mary o- mu -titi
  Gloss: 1sg- PST -call AUG-Agree.-little
  Translation: I called little Mary
  Contributor: Ceciliane Odangah
   Portuguese Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Romanian No Monica Alexandrina Irimia
   Russian Yes Nina Radkevich
   Sicilian No Cristina Guardiano
+ Spanish No Alejandro Rodriguez
  Words: *Leí famoso Pablo Neruda en la clase de literatura española
  Gloss: read.PST.1SG famous P. N. in the.F class of literature Spanish
  Translation: *I read famous Pablo Neruda in spanish literature class
  Contributor: Alejandro Rodriguez
+ Teramano Yes Iara Mantenuto
  Words: so nkuntratə Maria vikkjə
  Gloss: be.1SG met Maria old.SG.F
  Translation: ‘I met the old Maria.’
  Comment: Contrasting reading (with a younger Marie)
  Contributor: Iara Mantenuto
   Tupi (Ancient) Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Turkish No Sozen Ozkan
+ Vietnamese Yes Jimmy Nguyen
  Words: Ai cũng ghét Ngô khùng.
  Gloss: Everyone also hates Ngo crazy
  Translation: Everyone hates crazy Ngo.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   Wuhu Chinese Yes Zhuo Chen