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w10c Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can have an article

Definition
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    Proper names modified by an adjective in object position

    To code for all possibilities, and for ease of the task, there are three property definitions for proper names modified by an adjective in object position:

    can be bare, must have an article, can have an article


w10c: Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can have an article


This property is set to "yes" if a noun phrase that contains a proper name modified by an adjective in object position can:

  1. occur with an “article” (or, if the language doesn’t have article, a weak, unmarked demonstrative)
  2. (for languages without articles but with classifiers, noun classes, case, adpositional endings…) exhibits no structural alternation with noun phrases containing a definite singular count noun modified by an adjective.
  3. [ More contexts]

Elicitation contexts

I saw the old John
I saw the little Mary


IMPORTANT INFORMATION

  1. The proper name must be modified by an adjective: only test adjectives like old, little, young, nice, beautiful...
  2. If the above adjectives can be prenominal or postnominal in your language, test each position keeping the adjective same.
  3. [ More contexts]
  4. If there is more than one possible order of proper names and the above adjectives, and there is an asymmetry between whether they can be bare or not, please comment (or contact us)
  5. [ More contexts]

Additional instructions

  1. This property applies only to proper names (I saw Mary), not to definite singular count nouns (I saw the young girl)
  2. Please, do NOT use kinship nouns (like mum, dad, …) to test this property
  3. If there is more than one object position in your language, test this property for each position.
  4. If you notice any difference between affirmative and negative contexts (i.e. I saw the old John vs. I didn’t see the old John), please comment (or contact us).

Examples

1.

English is “yes” for this property. Proper names in object position can be bare.


(i)     they saw old John


They can also have an article.


(ii)    they saw the old John


2.

Italian is “yes” for this property. Proper names modified by an adjective in object position can be bare when they occur to the left of the adjective (Longobardi 1994).


(i) ho incontrato Gianni vecchio
have.1S.PR met Gianni old.M.S
I met old John


They can also occur with an article.


(ii) ho incontrato il Gianni vecchio
have.1S.PR met the.M.S Gianni old.M.S
I met old John


3.

Modern Greek is “no” for this property. Proper names modified by an adjective in subject and object position must have the definite article.


(i) (a) sinàntisa ton jeròn Jànnis
meet.PST.1S the.ACC.S.M old.ACC.S.M John
I met old John
(b) sinàntisa ton Jànnis ton jeròn
meet.PST.1S the.ACC.S.M John the.ACC.S.M old.ACC.S.M
I met old John


They cannot be bare.


(i) (a) *sinàntisa jeròn Jànnis
meet.PST.1S old.ACC.S.M John
Intended:I met old John
(b) *sinàntisa Jànnis jeròn

Contributed by: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
Language Value Contributor Comments
   Akan-twi No AUGUSTINA OWUSU
   Ancient Greek Yes Cristina Guardiano
   Armenian (Eastern) Yes Sona Haroutyunian
+ Basaa No Paul Roger Bassong
  Words: *Mɛ bí-náŋá í Bíkûn ŋ-kɛ́ŋi
  Gloss: I PST2-invite 1.PN 1-big/old
  Translation: I invited old Bikun
  Comment: The proper name cannot be preceded by the definite article in this context either.
  Contributor: Paul Roger Bassong
   Calabrian (Northern) Yes Giuseppina Silvestri
   Cantonese (Guangzhou) No Zixian Qiu
   Cypriot Greek No Marios Andreou
   Danish Not Yet Set Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Dida Lakota (diéko) No Gohon Fabienne Stéphanie Attéby
   Dutch No Hilda Koopman
   English Yes the property authors
   Faroese No Hjalmar Páll Petersen
   French (Ivorian) Yes Akpoué Josué
   Greek No Giorgos Spathas
   Greek (Calabria) No Cristina Guardiano
   Greek (Cappadocian) No Petros Karatsareas
   Greek (Homer) Yes Cristina Guardiano
   Hebrew (Biblical) NA Massimo Gargiulo
   Italian Yes Cristina Guardiano
   Italian (Reggiano) No Giovanni Roversi
   Korean No Shin-Sook Kim
   Kusaal No Hasiyatu Abubakari
   Latin No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
+ Oluwanga (Eji) Yes Ceciliane Odangah
  Words: Nd -a-lola John o- mu -khongo (ulya)
  Gloss: 1sg- PST -see AUG-Agree-big DEM
  Translation: I saw that big John
  Comment: This is a case of unmarked demonstrative different from demonstrative pronoun used to point out things. This kind of demonstrative is not obligatory. It is unclear if the property value here should be yes, or no.
  Contributor: Ceciliane Odangah
   Portuguese Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Romanian Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia
   Russian No Nina Radkevich
   Sicilian No Cristina Guardiano
   Spanish Yes Alejandro Rodriguez Sub-standard Spanish
+ Teramano No Iara Mantenuto
  Words: i. *so nkuntratə la Maria vikkjə ii. so nkuntratə lla Maria vikkjə
  Gloss: i. be.1SG met the.SG.F Maria old.SG.F ii. be.1SG met that.SG.F Maria old.SG.F
  Translation: ‘I have met that old Maria.’
  Comment: Possible with the demonstrative but not with the definite article
  Contributor: Iara Mantenuto
   Tupi (Ancient) No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Turkish No Sozen Ozkan
   Vietnamese No Jimmy Nguyen
   Wuhu Chinese Yes Zhuo Chen