w11b Order PN--A in object position

Untitled Document

    Order of proper names and adjectives in object position

    There are two property definitions for relative order of proper names and adjectives in object position:

    adjectives precede proper names (Order A--PN), adjectives follow proper names (Order PN--A)

w11b: Order PN--A

This property is set to "yes" if the language has the order Proper Name--Adjective in object position

Elicitation contexts

I invited (the) old John
I saw (the) little Mary


  1. The proper name must be modified by an adjective: only test adjectives like old, little, young, nice, beautiful...
  2. If the above adjectives can be prenominal or postnominal in your language, test each position keeping the adjective same.
  3. [ More contexts]

Additional instructions

  1. This property applies only to proper names (I saw Mary), not to definite singular count nouns (I saw the girl)
  2. Please, do NOT use kinship nouns (like mum, dad, …) to test this property
  3. If there is more than one object position in your language, test this property for each position.
  4. If you notice any difference between affirmative and negative contexts (i.e. I saw the old John vs. I didn’t see the old John), please comment (or contact us).

PS: A “yes” value for this property does not exclude a yes value for property “ w11a Order A--PN”



Modern Greek is “yes” for this property. It has the order Proper Name--Adjective in object position.

(i) sinàndisa ton Janni ton jèro
meet.PST.1S the.ACC.SING John the.ACC.SING old.ACC.SING
I met old John


Italian is “yes” for this property. It has the order Proper Name--Adjective in object position

(i) ho incontrato (il) Gianni vecchio
have.1S.PR met the.M.S John old.M.S
I met the old John


English is “no” for this property. The order Proper Name--Adjective is excluded in object position.

(i)     *I met (the) John old

Contributed by: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
Language Value Contributor Comments
   Ancient Greek Yes Cristina Guardiano
   Armenian (Eastern) No Sona Haroutyunian
   Basaa Yes Paul Roger Bassong
   Calabrian (Northern) Yes Giuseppina Silvestri
   Cantonese (Guangzhou) No Zixian Qiu
   Cypriot Greek Yes Marios Andreou
   Danish No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Dida Lakota (diéko) Yes Gohon Fabienne Stéphanie Attéby
   Dutch No Hilda Koopman
   English No the property authors
   Faroese No Hjalmar Páll Petersen
   French (Ivorian) Yes Akpoué Josué
   Greek Yes Dimitris Michelioudakis
   Greek (Calabria) Yes Cristina Guardiano
   Greek (Cappadocian) No Petros Karatsareas
   Greek (Homer) Yes Cristina Guardiano
   Hebrew (Biblical) NA Massimo Gargiulo
   Italian Yes Cristina Guardiano
   Italian (Reggiano) No Giovanni Roversi
   Korean No Shin-Sook Kim
+ Kusaal Yes Hasiyatu Abubakari
  Words: N sa nyɛ Asibi pυanyaŋ la
  Gloss: 1sg PRT see Asibi woman-old DEF
  Translation: I saw Asibi, the old lady
  Contributor: Hasiyatu Abubakari
   Oluwanga (Eji) Yes Ceciliane Odangah
   Portuguese Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Romanian Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia
   Russian No Nina Radkevich
   Sicilian Yes Cristina Guardiano
+ Spanish Yes Alejandro Rodriguez
  Words: Ví a Maria hermosa
  Gloss: See.PST.1SG to Mary beautiful
  Translation: I saw Mary beautiful
  Contributor: Alejandro Rodriguez
+ Teramano Yes Iara Mantenuto
  Words: i. so nkuntratə dʒuvannə vikkjə ii. so nkuntratə Markə bellə
  Gloss: i. be.1SG met Gianni old.SG.M ii. be.1SG met Marco beautiful.SG.M
  Translation: i. ‘I have met the old Gianni.’ ii. ‘I have met the beautiful Marco.’
  Comment: Possible only when there is a contrastive reading.
  Contributor: Iara Mantenuto
   Tupi (Ancient) Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Turkish No Sozen Ozkan
+ Vietnamese Yes Jimmy Nguyen
  Words: Hãy mời Hạnh già!
  Gloss: HORTATIVE invite Hanh old
  Translation: Let's invite old Hanh!
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   Wuhu Chinese No Zhuo Chen