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w12c Order Definite Article–Noun with singular count nouns in object position

Definition
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    Order of definite articles and nouns in object position

    There are six property definitions for relative order of definite articles and nouns in object position:

    Order DefArt—N with mass nouns in object position, Order N–DefArt with mass nouns in object position, Order DefArt—N with singular count nouns in object position, Order N–DefArt with singular count nouns in object position, Order DefArt—N with plural nouns in object position, Order N–DefArt with plural nouns in object position


w12c: Order Definite Article – Noun with singular count nouns in object position


This property is set to "yes" if the language has the order Definite Article (or, for languages without articles, noun class marker, classifier, case ending, adposition, ...) Noun, with singular count nouns in object position.


Elicitation Context

I met two boys and a girl. I invited the girl to the party
[ More contexts]


Additional instructions

  1. This property applies only to definite singular count nouns (the girl, the man), not to indefinite singular count nouns, kinship nouns or proper names
  2. The noun must be unmodified (no adjectives, no possessors, no relative clauses, no other modifiers ...)
  3. [ More contexts]
  4. If there is more than one object position in your language, test this property for each position
  5. [ More contexts]
  6. If you notice any difference between affirmative and negative contexts (i.e. put the water in the fridge vs. don’t put the water in the fridge), please comment (or contact us)

NB: A “yes” value for this property does not exclude a yes value for property “w12d Order N – DefArt with singular count nouns in object position”.


Examples

1.

English is “yes” for this property. It has the order DefArt--N with singular count nouns in object position.


(i)     I met two boys and a girl. I invited the girl


2.

Rumanian is “no” for this property. With unmodified singular count nouns, the order DefArt--N is excluded in object position.


(i) *am întâlnit el profesor
have.AUX.3.SG.INDIC.PRES meet.PST.PRT the professor
I've met the teacher


N--DefArt is the only possible order.


(ii) am întâlnit profesor-ul
have.AUX.3.SG.INDIC.PRES meet.PST.PRT professor-the
I've met the teacher

Contributed by: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
Language Value Contributor Comments
   Akan-twi No AUGUSTINA OWUSU
   Ancient Greek Yes Cristina Guardiano
   Armenian (Eastern) No Sona Haroutyunian
   Basaa No Paul Roger Bassong
   Calabrian (Northern) Yes Giuseppina Silvestri
+ Cantonese (Guangzhou) Yes Zixian Qiu
  Words: There was a book and a pen on the table. ngo lo-zo bun syu, daanhai ngo lau-dai-zo zi bat.
  Gloss: I take-PFV CLF book. but I leave-PEF-PFV CLF pen.
  Translation: I took the book, but I left the pen.
  Contributor: Zixian Qiu
   Cypriot Greek Yes Marios Andreou
   Dida Lakota (diéko) No Gohon Fabienne Stéphanie Attéby
   Dutch Yes Hilda Koopman
   English Yes the property authors
   Faroese NA Hjalmar Páll Petersen
   French Yes Hilda Koopman
   French (Ivorian) Yes Akpoué Josué
   Greek Yes Dimitris Michelioudakis
   Greek (Calabria) Yes Cristina Guardiano
+ Greek (Cappadocian) Yes Petros Karatsareas
  Words: néka katévasen to mílo áso raf (Dawkins 1916: 306)
  Gloss: woman.SG.NOM take_down.PST.3SG DEF.SG.ACC apple.SG.ACC ABL.DEF.SG.ACC shelf.SG.ACC
  Translation: the woman took the apple down from the shelf
  Contributor: Petros Karatsareas
   Greek (Homer) Yes Cristina Guardiano
+ Hebrew (Biblical) Yes Massimo Gargiulo
  Words: waybra' 'elohim 'et ha'adam (Gen 1,27)
  Gloss: and created.CONJ-IPFV God man.ACC.PARTICLE-ART-NOUN
  Translation: So God created man
  Contributor: Massimo Gargiulo
   Italian Yes Cristina Guardiano
   Italian (Reggiano) Yes Giovanni Roversi
   Korean No Shin-Sook Kim
   Kusaal No Hasiyatu Abubakari
   Latin No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Muyang No Bebey Théodore
   Oluwanga (Eji) No Ceciliane Odangah
   Portuguese Yes Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Romanian No Monica Alexandrina Irimia
   Russian No Nina Radkevich
   Sicilian Yes Cristina Guardiano
+ Spanish Yes Alejandro Rodriguez
  Words: Conocí dos niños y una niña. Invité a la niña a la fiesta.
  Gloss: met.PST.1SG two boy.PL and a.F girl.SG invite.PST.1SG to the.F girl to the.F party.
  Translation: I met two boys and one girl. I invited the girl to the party
  Contributor: Alejandro Rodriguez
+ Teramano Yes Iara Mantenuto
  Words: so nguntratə ddu ummənə e na fammənə. // so mətitə la fammənə a lu merkatə.
  Gloss: be.1SG met two man.PL.M and a.SG.F woman.SG.F // be.1SG invited the.SG.F woman.SG.F to the.SG.M market.SG.M
  Translation: ‘I met two men and a woman. I invited the woman to the market.’
  Contributor: Iara Mantenuto
   Tupi (Ancient) No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Turkish No Sozen Ozkan
+ Vietnamese Yes Jimmy Nguyen
  Words: Em ghét con nhỏ đó lám.
  Gloss: I hate CLS girl DEM very
  Translation: I really hate that girl.
  Contributor: Jimmy Nguyen
   Wuhu Chinese Yes Zhuo Chen