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w12d Order Noun-Definite Article with singular count nouns in object position

Definition
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    Order of definite articles and nouns in object position

    There are six property definitions for relative order of definite articles and nouns in object position:

    Order DefArt—N with mass nouns in object position, Order N–DefArt with mass nouns in object position, Order DefArt—N with singular count nouns in object position, Order N–DefArt with singular count nouns in object position, Order DefArt—N with plural nouns in object position, Order N–DefArt with plural nouns in object position


w12d: Order Noun–Definite Article with singular count nouns in object position


This property is set to "yes" if the language has the order Noun–Definite Article (or, for languages without articles, noun class marker, classifier, case ending, adposition, ...), with singular count nouns in object position


Elicitation Context

I met two boys and a girl. I invited the girl to the party
[ More contexts]


Additional instructions

  1. This property applies only to definite singular count nouns (the girl, the man), not to indefinite singular count nouns, kinship nouns or proper names
  2. The noun must be unmodified (no adjectives, no possessors, no relative clauses, no other modifiers ...)
  3. [ More contexts]
  4. If there is more than one object position in your language, test this property for each position
  5. [ More contexts]
  6. If you notice any difference between affirmative and negative contexts (i.e. put the water in the fridge vs. don’t put the water in the fridge), please comment (or contact us)

NB: A “yes” value for this property does not exclude a yes value for property “w12c Order DefArt – N with singular count nouns in object position”.


Examples

1.

Romanian is “yes” for this property. With unmodified singular count nouns in object position, the order N--DefArt is the only possible one.


(i) am întâlnit profesor-ul
have.AUX.3.SG.INDIC.PRES meet.PST.PRT professor-the
I've met the teacher


2.

Norwegian is “yes” for this property. It has the order N--DefArt with unmodified singular count nouns in object position.


(i) studenten lest boken
student.ART.S read book.SG.ART
the student was reading the book


3.

English is “no” for this property. The order N--DefArt is excluded with singular count nouns in object position.


(i)     I met two boys and a girl. * I invited girl the


DefArt--N is the only attested order.


(ii)    I met two boys and a girl. I invited the girl

Contributed by: Cristina Guardiano and Hilda Koopman
Language Value Contributor Comments
+ Akan-twi Yes AUGUSTINA OWUSU
  Words: Me- hyia maame no ɛnora.
  Gloss: 1SG- meet woman Def yesterday
  Translation: I met the woman yesterday
  Contributor: AUGUSTINA OWUSU
  Words: Me ma -a n- kraman no aduane.
  Gloss:  1SG give –Pst pl- dog the food
  Translation: I gave the dogs food
  Contributor: AUGUSTINA OWUSU
   Ancient Greek No Cristina Guardiano
   Armenian (Eastern) Yes Sona Haroutyunian
   Basaa No Paul Roger Bassong
   Calabrian (Northern) No Giuseppina Silvestri
   Cantonese (Guangzhou) No Zixian Qiu
   Cypriot Greek No Marios Andreou
+ Dida Lakota (diéko) Yes Gohon Fabienne Stéphanie Attéby
  Words: ɪ̄ lâ jókōkpí ā
  Gloss: I call.PST young girl DEF
  Translation: I called the girl
  Contributor: Gohon Fabienne Stéphanie Attéby
   Dutch No Hilda Koopman
   English No the property authors
   Faroese Yes Hjalmar Páll Petersen
   French No Hilda Koopman
   French (Ivorian) Yes Akpoué Josué
   Greek No Dimitris Michelioudakis
   Greek (Calabria) No Cristina Guardiano
   Greek (Cappadocian) No Petros Karatsareas
   Greek (Homer) No Cristina Guardiano
   Hebrew (Biblical) No Massimo Gargiulo
   Italian No Cristina Guardiano
   Italian (Reggiano) No Giovanni Roversi
   Korean No Shin-Sook Kim
   Kusaal Yes Hasiyatu Abubakari
   Latin No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Muyang Yes Bebey Théodore
+ Oluwanga (Eji) Yes Ceciliane Odangah
  Words: Nd -a-bukan-ire nende a- ba -siani ba-taru nende O- mu -khana. Nd -a-lang-ire a- ba -siani (abo)
  Gloss: 1sg- PST -meet-PST with AUG- C2 -boy 2.-three and AUG- C6 -girl. 1st-PST-call-PST AUG-2-boy (DEM)
  Translation: I met three boys and a girl. I called the boys
  Contributor: Ceciliane Odangah
   Portuguese No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Romanian Yes Monica Alexandrina Irimia
   Russian No Nina Radkevich
   Sicilian No Cristina Guardiano
   Spanish No Alejandro Rodriguez
+ Teramano No Iara Mantenuto
  Words: * so nguntratə ddu ummənə e na fammənə. // so mətitə fammənə a lu merkatə.
  Gloss: be.1SG met two man.PL.M and a.SG.F woman.SG.F // be.1SG invited woman.SG.F to the.SG.M market.SG.M
  Contributor: Iara Mantenuto
   Tupi (Ancient) No Fabricio M. F. Gerardi
   Turkish Yes Sozen Ozkan
   Vietnamese No Jimmy Nguyen
   Wuhu Chinese No Zhuo Chen